Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10494
標題: 滯洪水理特性演算模式解析與研究
Study on the Calculated Model for Hydrological Characteristics of Detention
作者: 張榮毅
Chang, Jung-Yi
關鍵字: 滯洪設施
detention facility
伽瑪形入流歷線
滯洪容積
Gamma inflow hydrograph
detention volume
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 台灣地形高低起伏變化大,形成河川源短流急,且含砂量大。又近年來人口遽增,不斷向都市集中發展,造成平地資源開發幾近飽和狀況下,使得山坡地開發案日漸增多。為避免與減少造成地表土流失及下游洪害之產生,需設置滯洪設施加以處理,故本研究旨在探討分析滯洪設施之相關水理特性。 本文首先蒐集整理國內、外滯洪池水理特性相關文獻,並針對不同入流歷線論述,推導伽瑪形入流歷線條件下作用於四種出流口(矩形孔口、矩形溢流口、Sutro出流口以及Inverted-V notch出流口)之連續控制方程式,進而探討滯洪容積、降雨延時及洪峰消減之關係。另外進行滯洪渠槽試驗,以驗證數值模式洪水流經滯洪池水理現象,了解數值模式之適用性。 此外,以伽瑪形入流歷線降雨型態,利用無因次數學理論分析推導滯洪容積理論模式,並選擇二實際案例與前人研究採用三角形、等腰梯形滯洪容積模式進行比較。結果顯示三角形入流歷線特徵值 時,滯洪容積演算結果與現地案例相近,等腰梯形入流歷線滯洪容積演算值為最大,而本研究之伽瑪形入流歷線者計算結果則居中。 本研究另一成果為蒐集分析全台已建置之滯洪池地文、水文資料,繪製相關統計圖表建立資料庫,以及利用出流口水理控制方程式,配合不同入流歷線條件,經由視窗化軟體演算後,將所求得滯洪池水理特性與設計資料等數據呈現於表單中,使滯洪池設計上更為便捷。
Due to undulated terrain in Taiwan, most rivers are inherent in short water way, rapid flow, and high contents of sandy soils. In recent years, urban areas have been over populated and exploited. The natural resources in plain area are getting sparser. As a result, more and more projects are developed into the slope area. In order to decrease surface soil loss and minimize flooding damages in downstream area, construction of detention facilities are necessary. This study is focusing on hydraulic characteristics of detention facility. This article firstly reviews domestic and international researches on hydraulic characteristics of detention pond and derives the continuity governing equations for Gamma inflow hydrograph with scenario of four different outlets (rectangular hole, rectangular overflow opening, Sutro outlet and Inverted-V notch outlet). The relations among the detention volume, rainfall duration, and peak reduction are also studied. On the other hand, flume experimental work of flood flowing through the detention pond is performed to verify the hydraulic characteristics of detention pond by the proposed numerical model and to understand the suitability of numerical model. In addition, the Gamma inflow hydrograph is used as rainfall type and the theoretical model of detention pond volume is derived through analysis of non-dimensional mathematical theory. Two real cases are selected for comparison with other researchers using triangular and isosceles trapezoidal inflow hydrographs. The calculated results of detention pond volume based on triangular inflow hydrograph with characteristic value β of 1 are close to those of the real cases. Those from isosceles trapezoidal inflow hydrograph are much higher in the evaluation of detention pond volume. The results using the Gamma inflow hydrograph which is adopted in the study are in the middle of those former two types of inflow hydrographs. This study also collects and analyzes the landform and hydrological information of build-up detention ponds in Taiwan. The related statistical graphs and data base are also constructed. With the governing equations of outlets coupled with inflow patterns, the hydraulic characteristics of detention pond and design information can be displayed in the table list through the calculation of developed window-based program. This will be helpful in the design of detention pond.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10494
其他識別: U0005-0901201317150500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0901201317150500
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