Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 台灣進口牛肉中產志賀毒素性大腸桿菌、沙門氏菌及彎曲桿菌之監測調查
Investigation of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Campylobacter spp. of imported beef in Taiwan
作者: 陳依真
Chen, Yi-Chen
關鍵字: shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
出版社: 獸醫學系暨研究所
引用: Adak GK, Meakins SM, Yip H, Lopman BA, O'Brien S. Diaease risk from foods, England and Wales, 1996-2000. Emerg Infec Dis 11:365-372, 2005. Albert MJ, Alam K, Islam M, Montanaro J, Rahaman AS, Haider K, Hossain MA, Kibriya AK, Tzipori S. Hafnia alvei, a probable cause of diarrhea in humans. Infect Immun 59:1507-1513, 1991. Alexander KA, Warnick LD, Wiedmann M. Antimicrobial resistant Salmonella in dairy cattle in United States Vet Res Commun. 33:191-209, 2009. Altekruse SF, Cohen ML, Swerdlow DL. Emerging foodborne disease. Emerg Infec Dis 3:285-293, 1997. Altekuse SF, Stern NJ, Field PI, Swerdlow. Campylobacter jejuni - an emerging foodborne pathogen. Emerg Infec Dis 5:28-35, 1999. Aslam M, Service C. Antimicrobial resistance and genetic profiling of Escherichia coli from a commercial beef packing plant. J Food Prot 69:1508-1513, 2006. Auvray F, Lecureuil C, Tache´ J, Leclerc V, Deperrois V, Lombard B.Detection, isolation and characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in retail-minced beef using PCR-based techniques, immunoassays and colony hybridization. Lett Appl Microbiol 45: 646-651, 2007. Baker MG, Sneyd E, Wilson NA. Is the major increase in notified campylobacteriosis in New Zealands real? Epidemiol Infect 135: 163-170, 2007. Barlow RS, Gobius KS, Desmarchelier PM. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef and lamb cuts: results of a one-year study. Int J Food Microbiol 111:1-5, 2006. Barkocy-Gallagher GA, Arthur TM, Rivera-Betancourt M, Nou X, Shackelford SD, Wheeler TL, Koohmaraie M. Seasonal prevalence of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli including O157:H7 and non-O157 serotype, and Salmonella in commercial beef processing plant. J Food Prot 66:1978-1986, 2003. Barrera O, Rodríguez-Calleja JM, Santos JA, Otero A, García-López ML. Effect of different storage conditions on E. coli O157:H7 and the indigenous bacterial microflora on lamb meat. Int J Food Microbiol 115:244-251, 2007. Baylis CL, MacPhee S, Martin KW, Humphrey TJ, Betts RP. Comparison of three enrichment media for the isolation of Campylobacter spp. from foods. J Appl Microbiol 89:884-891, 2000. Bearson BL, Wilson L, Foster JW. Alow ph-inducible, PhoPQ-dependent acid tolerance response protects Salmonella typhimurium against inorganic acid stress. J Bacteriol 180:2409-2417, 1998. Bearson SM, Bearson BL, Rasmussen. Identification of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium genes important for survival in the swine gastric environment. Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2829-2836, 2006. Bell BP, Goldoft M, Griffin PM, Davis MA, Gordon DC, Tarr PI, Bartleson CA, Lewis JH, Barrett TJ, Wells JG, Baron R, and Kobayashi J. A multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7-associated bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome from hamburgers: the Washington experience. JAMA 272:1349-1353, 1994. Bell C, Microbiologist C, Kyriakides A. Pathogenic Escherichia coli. In: Blackburn CW, McClure PJ, eds. Foodborne pathogens hazards, risk analysis and control. Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Washington, DC, USA, 279, 2002. Bell C, Microbiologist C, Kyriakides A. Salmonella. In: Blackburn CW, McClure PJ, eds. Foodborne pathogens hazards, risk analysis and control. Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Washington, DC, USA, 307, 2002. Beutin L, Geier D, Steinrück H, Zimmermann S, Scheutz F. Prevalence and some properties of verotoxin (shiga-like toxin)- producing Escherichia coli in seven different species of healthy domestic animals. J Clin Microbiol 31:2483-2488, 1993. Bhaduri S, Cottrell B. Survival of cold-stressed Campylobacter jejuni on ground chicken and chicken skin during frozen storage. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7103-7109, 2004. Bollman J, Ismond A, Blank G. Suvival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in frozen food: impact of the cold shock response. Int J Food Microbiol 64:127-138.2000. Books JH, Sowers EG, Wells JG, Greene KD, Griffin PM, Hoekstra RM, Strockbine NA. Non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections in United States, 1983-2002. J Infect Dis 192:1422-1429, 2005. Bosilevac JM, Guerini MN, Brichta-Harhay M, Arthur TM, Koohmaraie M. Microbiological characterization of imported and domestic boneless beef trim used for ground beef. J Food Prot 70:440-449, 2007. Bosilevac JM, Guerini MN, Kalchayanand N, Koohmaraie M. Prevalence and characterization of Salmonellae in commercial ground beef in United States. Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1892-1990, 2009. Bopp CA, Brenner FW, Fields PI, Wells JG, Strockbine. Escherichia, Shigella and Salmonella. In: Murray PR, Baron EJ, Jorgensen JH, Pfaller MA, Yolken RH, eds. Manual of clinical microbiology, 8th ed. ASM Press, Washington,DC, USA, 654, 2003. Brenner FW, Villar RG, Angulo FJ, Tauxe R, Swaminathan B. Salmonella nomenclature. J Clin Microbiol 38:2465-2467. Brooks JT, Sower G, Wells JG, Greene KD, Griffin M, Hoekstra RM, Strockbine NA. Non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections in Unites States, 1983-2002. J Infect Dis 192:1422-1429, 2005. Caprioli A, Morabito S, Brugère H, Oswald E. Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli: emerging issues on virulence and modes of transmission. Vet Res 36:289-311, 2005. CDC. Salmonella Surveillance: Annual Summary, 2005. US Department of Health and Human Services, 2007 Chapman PA, Siddons CA, Cerdan Malo AT, Harkin MA. A one year study of Escherichia coli O157 in raw beef and lamb products. Epidemiol Infect 124:207-213, 2000. Chang N, Taylor DE. Use of pulsed-field agarose gel electrophoresis to size genomes of Campylobacter species and to construct a SalI map of Campylobacter jejuni UA580. J Bacteriol 172:5211-5217, 1990. Darby J, Sheorey H. Searching for Salmonella Aust Fam Physician 37:806-810, 2008. Darwin KH, Miller VL. Molecular basis of interaction of Salmonella with the intestinal mucosa. Clin Microbiol Rev 12:405-428, 1999. Dewell GA, Ranson JR, Deewll RD, McCurdy K, Gardner IA, Hill AE, Sofos JN, Belk KE, Smith GC, Salman MD. Prevalence of risk factor for Escherichia coli O157 in market-ready beef cattle from 12 U.S feedlots. Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:70-76, 2005. De Schrijver K, Buvens G, Possé B, Van den Branden D, Oosterlynck O, De Zutter L, Eilers K, Piérard D, Dierick K, Van Damme-Lombaerts R, Lauwers C, Jacobs R. Outbreak of verocytitoxin-producing E. coli O145 and O26 infections associated with the consumption of ice cream produced at a farm, Belgium, 2007. Euro Surveill 13 pii: 8041-8045, 2008. Dingle KE, Colles FM, Wareing DR, Ure R, Fox AJ, Bolton FE, Bootsma HJ, Willems RJ, Urwin R, Moiden MC. Multilocus sequence typing system for Campylobacter jejuni. J Clin Microbiol 39:14-23, 2001. Dingle KE, Colles FM, Wareing DR, Ure R, Fox AJ, Bolton FE, Bootsma HJ, Willems RJ, Urwin R, Moiden MC. Molecular characterization of Campylobacter jejuni clone: a basis for epidemiologic investigation. Emerg Infect Dis 8:949-955, 2002. DuPont HL. The growing threat of foodborne bacterial enteropathogens of animal origin. Clin Infect Dis 45:1353−1361, 2007. Fegan N, Vanderlinde P, Higgs G, Desmarchelier P. Quantification and prevalence of Salmonella in beef cattle presenting at slaughter. J Appl Microbiol 97:892-898, 2004. Flint JA, Van Duynhoven YT, Angulo FJ, DeLong SM, Braun P, Kirk M, Scallan E, Fitzgerald M, Adak GK, Sockett P, Ellis A, Hall G, Gargouri N, Walke H, Braam P. Estimating the burden of acute gastroenteritis, foodborne disease, and pathogens commonly transmitted by food: an international review. Clin Infect Dis 41:698-704, 2005. Foley SL, Lynne AM. Food animal-associated Salmonella challenges: pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance. J Anim Sci 86:E173-E187, 2008. Galanis E, Danilo MA, Wong LF, Patrick ME, Binsztein N, Cieslik A, Chalermuchaikit T, Aidara-Kane A, Ellis A, Angulo FJ, Wegener HC. Web-base surveillance and global Salmonella distribution, 2000-2002. Emerging Infect Dis 12:381-388, 2006. Gill CO, McGinnis JC, Badoni M. Use of total or Escherichia coli counts to assess the hygienic characteristics of a beef carcass dressing process. Int J Food Microbiol 31:181-196, 1996. Gonzalez I, Grant KA, Richardson PT, Park SF, Collins MD. Specific identification of the enteropathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli by using a PCR test based on the ceuE gene encoding a putative virulence determinant. J Clin Microbiol 35:759-63, 1997. Gouws PA, Visser M, Brozel VS. A polymerase chain reaction procedure for the detection of Salmonella spp. Within 24h. J Food Prot 61:1039-1042, 1998. Grant J, Wendelboe AM, Wendel A, Jepson B, Torres P, Smelser C, Rolfs RT. Spinach-associated Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreak, Utah and New Mexico, 2006. Foodborne Pathog Dis 14:1633-1636, 2007. Greig JD, Ravel A. Analysis of foodborne outbreak data reported internationally for source attribution. Int J Food Microbiol 130:77-87, 2009. Grennan B, O''Sullivan NA, Fallon R, Carroll C, Smith T, Glennon M, Maher M. PCR-ELISAs for the detection of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in poultry samples. Biotechniques 30:602-610, 2001. Griffin PM, Tauxe RV. The epidemiology of infection cause by Escherichia coli O157:H7, other enterohemorrhagic E. coli, and associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Epidemiol Rev 13:60-98, 1991. Guerra B, Junker E, Miko A, Helmuth R, Mendoza MC. Characterization and localization of drug resistance determinants in multidrug-resistant, integron-carrying Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium strain. Microb Drug Resist 102:83-91, 2004. Guerry P. Campylobacter flagella: not just for motility. Trends Microbiol 15:456-461, 2007. Guiney DG, Fang FC, Krause M, Libby S, Buchmeier NA, Fierer J. Biology and clinical significance of virulence plasmid in Salmonella serovars. Clin Infect Dis 21(Suppl 2):S146-51, 1995. Gyles CL. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: an overview. J Anim Sci 85:E45-E62, 2007. Hacker J, Blum-Oehler G, Muhidorfer I, TschapeH. Pathogenicity islands of virulent bacteria: structure, function and impact on microbial evolution. Mol Microbiol 23:1089-1097, 1997. Hald B, Rattenborg E, Madsen M. Role of batch depletion of broiler houses on the occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in chicken flocks. Lett Appl Microbiol 32: 253-256, 2001. Hall G, Yohannes K, Raupach J, Becker N, Kirk M. Estimating community incidence of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections, Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 14:1601-1609, 2008. Hara-Kodo Y, Niizuma J, Goto I, Lizuka S, Kaji Y, Kamakura K, Suzuki S, Takatori K. Surveillance of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef with effective procedures, independent of serotype. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:97-103, 2008. Harvey S, Greenwood JR. Isolation of Campylobacter fetus from a pet turtle. J Clin Microbiol 21:260-261, 1985. Hensel M. Salmonella pathogenicity island 2. Mol Microbiol 36:1015-1023, 2000. Hickey TE, Majam G, Guerry P, Michielutti RE, Bixby A, Carroll SA, Bourgeois AL, Guerry P. Intracellular survival of Campylobacter jejuni in human monocytic cell and induction of apoptotic death by cytolethal distending toxin. Infect Immun 73:5194-5197, 2005. Hickey TE, McVeigh AL, Scott DA. Campylobacter jejuni cytolethal distending toxin mediates release of interleukin-8 from intestinal epithelial cells. Infect Immun 68:6535-6541, 2000. Hong Y, Berrang ME, Liu T, Hofacre CL, Sanchez S, Wang L, Maurer JJ. Rapid dection of Campylobacter coli, C. jejuni, and Salmonella enterica on poultry carcasses by using PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:3492-3499, 2003. Hussein HS, Bollinger LM. Influence of selective media on successful detection of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in food, fecal, and environmental samples. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:227-244, 2008. Hussein HS, Bollinger LM. Prevalence of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef cattle. J Food Prot 68:2224-2241, 2005. Hussein HS. Prevalence and pathogenicity of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef cattle and their production. J Anim Sci 85:E63-E72, 2007. Humphrey T, O'Brien S, Madsen M. Campylobacter as zoonotic pathogens: a food production perspective. Int J Food Microbiol 117:237-257, 2007. Inglis GD, Kaliscuk LD, Busz HW. A suvey of Campylobacter species shed in faeces of beef cattle using polymerase chain reaction. Can J Microbiol 49:655-661, 2003. Inglis GD, Kaliscuk LD, Busz HW. Chronic shedding of Campylobacter species in beef cattle. J Appl Microbiol 97:410-420, 2004. Jacobs BC, Hazenberg MP, Van Doorm PA, Endtz HP, Van der Meché FGA. Cross-reactive antibodies against gangliosides and Campylobacter jejuni lipopolysaccharides in patients with Guillain-Barré or Miller Fisher syndrome. J Infect Dis 175:729-733, 1997. Janssen R, Krogfelt KA, Cawthraw SA, van Pelt W, Wagenaar JA, Owen RJ. Host-pathogen interaction in Campylobacter infection: the host perspective. Clin Microbiol Rev 21:505-518, 2008. Jørgensen F, Bailey R, Williams S, Henderson P, Wareing DR, Bolton FJ, Frost JA, Ward L, Humphrey TJ. Prevalence and numbersof Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. on raw, whole chichken in relation to sampling methods. Int J Food Microbiol 76:151-64, 2002. Kang DH, Arthur TM, Siragusa GR. Gas formation in ground beef chubs due to Hafnia alvei is reduced by multiple applications of antimicrobial interventions to artificially inoculated beef trim stock. J Food Prot 65:1651-1655, 2002. Karmali MA, Mascarenhas M,Shen S, Ziebell K, Johnson S, Reid-Smith R Isaac-Renton J, Clark C, Rahn K, Kaper JB. Association of genomic O island 122 of Escherichia coli EDL 933 with verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli seropathotypes that are linked to epidemic and/or serious disease. J Clin Microbiol 41:4930-4940, 2003. Kulkarni SP, Lever S, Logan JM, Lawson AJ, Stanley J, Shafi MS. Detection of Campylobacter species: a comparison of culture and polymerase chain reaction based method. J Clin Pathol 55:749-753, 2002. Kumar HS, Karunasagar I, Karunasagar I, Teizou T, Shima K, Yamasaki S. Characterisation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolated from seafood and beef. FEMS Microbiol Lett 233:173-178, 2004. Lara-Tejero M, Galan JE. Cytolethal distending toxin: limited damage as a strategy to modulate cellular functions. Trends Microbiol 10:147-152, 2002. Law D. Virulence factors of Escherichia coli O157 and other Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. J Appl Microbiol 88: 739-745, 2000. Louis VR, Gillespie IA, O''Brien SJ, Russek-Cohen E, Pearson AD,Colwell RR. Temperature-driven Campylobacter seasonality in England and Wales. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:85-92, 2005. Luck SN, Badea L, Bennett-Wood V, Robins-Browne R, Hartland EL. Contribution of FliC to Epithelial Cell Invasion by Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O113:H21. Infect Immun 74:6999:7004, 2006. Meldrum RJ, Griffiths JK, Smith RM, Evans MR. The seasonality of human campylobacter infection and Campylobacter isolates from fresh, retail chicken in Wales. Epidemiol Infect 133:49-52, 2005. Mellmann A, Mosters J, Bartelt E, Roggentin P, Ammon A, Friedrich AW, Karch H, Harmsen D. Sequence-based typing of flaB is a more stable screening tool than typing of flaA for monitoring of Campylobacter populations. J Clin Microbiol 42:4840-4842, 2004. Moorhead SM, Dykes GA. Survival of Campylobacter jejuni on beef trimmings during freezing and frozen storage. Lett Appl Microbiol 34:72-76, 2002. Myint MS, Johnson YJ, Tablante NL, Heckert RA. The effect of pre-enrichment protocol on the sensitivity and specificity of PCR for dectection of naturally contaminated Salmonella in raw poultry compared to conventional culture. Food Microbiol 23:599-604, 2006. Nachamkin I. Chronic effects of Campylobacter infection. Microbes Infect 4:399-403, 2002. Nachamkin I. Campylobacter and Arcobacter. In: Murray PR, Baron EJ, Jorgensen JH, Pfaller MA, Yolken RH, eds. Manual of clinical microbiology, 8th ed. ASM Press, Washington,DC, USA, 902, 2003. Naikare H, Palyada K, Panciera R, Marlow D, Stintzi A. Major role for FeoB in Campylobacter jejuni iron acquisition, gut colonization, and intracellular survival. Infect Immun 74:5433-5444, 2006. Nataro JP, Kaper JB. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Clin Microbiol Rev 11:142-201, 1998. Nayak R, Stewart TM, Nawaz MS. Identification Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni by partial sequencing of virulence gene. Mol Cell Probes 19:187-93, 2005. Naylor SW, Low JC, Besser TE, Mahajan A, Gunn GJ, Pearce MC, McKendrick IJ, Smith DG, Gally DL. Lymphoid follicle-dense mucosa at the terminal rectum is the principal site of colonization of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the bovine host. Infect Immun 71: 1505-1512, 2003. Nylen G, Dunstan F, Palmer SR, Andersson Y, Bager F, Cowden J, Feierl G, Galloway Y, Kapperud G, Megraud F, Molbak K, Petersen LR, Ruutu P. The seasonal distribution of campylobacter infection in nine European countries and New Zealand. Epidemiol Infect 128: 383-390, 2002. Pangloli P, Dje Y, Ahmed O, Doane CA, Oliver SP, Draughon FA. Seasonal incidence and molecular characterization of Salmonella from dairy cow, calves, and farm environment. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:87-96, 2008. Paton AW, Paton JC. Enterobacter cloacae producing a Shiga-like toxin Ⅱ-related cytotoxin associated with a case of hemolytic-ureamic syndrome. J Clin Microbiol 34:463-465, 1996. Patrick ME, Christiansen LE,Waino M, Ethelberg S, Madsen H,Wegener HC. Effects of climate on incidence of Campylobacter spp. in humans and prevalence in broiler flocks in Denmark. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7474-7480, 2004. Perelle S, Dilasser F, Grout J, Fach P. Screening food raw materials for the presence of the world''s most frequent clinical cases of Shiga toxin-encoding Escherichia coli O26, O103, O111, O145 and O157. Int J Food Microbiol 113:284-288, 2007. Perelle S, Dilasser F, Malorny B, Grout J, Hoorfar J, Fach P. Camparison of PCR-ELISA and LightCycler real-time PCR assay for dectecting Salmonella spp. In milk and meat samples. Mol Cell Probes 18:409-420, 2004. Phillips D, Jordan D, Morris S, Jenson I, Sumner J. A nation survey of the microbiological quality of beef carcasses and frozen boneless beef in Australia. J Food Prot 69:1113-1117, 2006. Phillips D, Jordan D, Morris S, Jenson I, Sumner J. A national survey of the microbiological quality of retail raw meats in Australia. J Food Prot 71:1232-1236, 2008. Poly F, Guerry P. Pathogenesis of Campylobacter. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 24:27-31, 2008. Posse´ B, Zutter LD, Heyndrickx M, Herman L. Quantitative isolation efficiency of O26, O103, O111, O145 and O157 STEC serotypes from artificially contaminated food and cattle faeces samples using a new isolation protocol. J Appl Microbiol 105: 227-235, 2008. Pritchard GC, Willshaw GA, Bailey JR, Carson T, Cheasty T. Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 on a farm open to public: outbreak investigation and longitudinal bacteriological study. Vet Rec 147:259-264, 2000. Quinn PJ, Markey BK, Carter ME, Donnelly WJ, Leonard FC. Enterobacteriacae. In: Quinn PJ, Markey BK, Carter ME, Donnelly WJ, Leonard FC, eds. Veterinary microbiology and microbial disease 1st ed. Blackwell Publishing Co., Iowa, USA, 106, 2002. Rangel JM, Sparling PH, Crowe C, Griffin PM, Swerdlow. Epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks, United States, 1982-2002. Emerg Infect Dis 11:603-609, 2005. Rajić A, Waddell LA, Sargeant JM, Read S, Farber J, Firth MJ, Chambers A. An overview of microbial food safety programs in beef, pork, and poultry from farm to processing in Canada. J Food Prot 70:1286-1294, 2006. Rivera-Betancourt M, Shackelford SD, Arthur TM, Westmoreland KE, Bellinger G, Rossman M, Reagan JO, Koohmaraie M. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella in two geographically distant commercial beef processing plants in the United States. J Food Prot 67:295-302, 2004. Stanley KN, Wallace JS, Currie JE, Diggle PJ, Jones K. The seasonal variation of thermophilic campylobacters in beef cattle, dairy cattle and calves. J Appl Microbiol 85: 472-480, 1998. Stephen LW. Identification method for Campylobavter, Helicobacter and related organism. J Clin Microbiol Rev 9:405-422, 1996. Söderström A, Österberg P, Lindqvist A, Jönsson B,. Lindberg A, Ulander BS, Welinder-Olsson C, Löfdahl S, Kaijser B, De Jong B, Kühlmann-Berenzon S, Boqvist S, Eriksson E, Szanto E, Andersson S, Allestam G,Hedenström I, Ledet Muller L, Andersson Y. A Large Escherichia coli O157 Outbreak in Sweden Associated with Locally Produced Lettuce. Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:339-349, 2008. Soument C, Gwennola G, Salvat G, Colin P. Evaluation of different DNA extraction procedures for the detection of Salmonella from chicken products by polymerase chain reaction. Lett Appl Microbiol 19:294-298, 1994. Sundquist M, Rydstrom A, Wick MJ. Immunity to Salmonella from a dendritic point of view. Cell Microbiol 6:1-11, 2004. Swaminathan B, Gerner-Smidt P, Ng LK, Lukinmaa S, Kam KM, Rolando S, Gutiérrez EP, Binsztein N. Building PulseNet International: an interconnected system of laboratory networks to facilitate timely public health recognition and response to foodborne disease outbreaks and emerging foodborne diseases. Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:36-50, 2006. Tschape HR, Prager R, Streckel W, Fruth A, Tietz E, Bohme G. Verocytotoxigenic Citrobacter freundii associated with severe gastroenteritis and cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome in a nursery school: green butter as the infecyion source. Epidemiol Infect 114:441-450, 1995. Tu ZC, Zeitlin G, Gagner JP, Keo T, Hanna BA, Blaser MJ. Campylobacter fetus of reptile origin as a human pathogen. J Clin Microbiol 42: 4405-4407, 2004. Uzzau S Brown DJ, Wallis T, Rubino S, Leori G, Bernard S, Casadesús J, Platt DJ, Olsen JE. Host adapted serotypes of Salmonella enterica. Epidemiol Infect 125:229-55, 2000. Vanselow BA, Hornitzky MA, Walker KH, Eamens GJ, Bailey GD, Gill PA, Coates K, Corney B, Cronin JP, Renilson S. Salmonella and on-farm risk factors in healthy slaughter-age cattle and sheep in eastern Australia. Aust Vet J 85:498-502, 2007. Varela-Hernández JJ, Cabrera-Diaz E, Cardona-López MA, Ibarra-Velázquez LM, Rangel-Villalobos H, Castillo A, Torres-Vitela MR, Ramírez-Álvarez A. Isolation and characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 from beef carcasses at a slaughter plant in Mexico. Int J Food Microbiol 113: 237-241, 2007. Vimont A, Vernozy-Rozand C, Deligneette-Muller M. Isolation E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC in different matrices: review of the most commonly used enrichment protocol. Lett Appl Microbiol 42:102-108, 2006. Voetsch AC, Van Gilder TJ, Angulo FJ, Farley MM, Shallow S, Marcus R, Cieslak PR, Deneen VC, Tauxe RV. FoodNet estimate of the burden of illness caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in the United States. Clin Infect Dis 38(Suppl. 3):S127-S134, 2004. Vogt RL, Dippold L. Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreak Associated with Consumption of Ground Beef, June-July 2002. Public Health Rep 120:174-178, 2005. Wallis TS, Galyov EE. Molecular basis of Salmonella-induced enteritis. Mol Microbiol 36:997-1005, 2000. Wong TL, Hollis L, Cornelius A, Nicol C, Cook R, Hudson JA. Prevalence, number, and subtypes of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in uncooked retail meat samples. J Food Prot 70:566-573, 2007. Wong TL, Nicol C, Cook R, MacDiarmid S. Salmonella in uncooked retail meat in New Zealand. J Food Prot 70:1360-1365, 2007. Wu FT, Tsai TY, Hsu CF, Pan TM, Chen HY, Su IJ. Isolation and identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Taiwanese patient with bloody diarrhea and acute renal failure. J Formos Med Assoc 104: 206-209, 2005. Zhao S, McDermott PF, Friedman S, Abbott J, Ayers S, Glenn A, Hall-Robinson E, Hubert SK, Harbottle H, Walker RD, Chiller TM, White DG. Antimicrobial resistance and genetic profiling among Salmonella from retail food of animal origin: NARMS retail meat surveillance. Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:106-117, 2006. Hunt JM, Abeyta C and, Tran T. Campylobacter, chap. 7. In Bacteriological analytical manual, 8th ed., rev. A. Available at: USCDC. Bacterial Foodborne and Diarrheal Disease National Case Surveillance Annual Reports. 2003-2005. Available at: _data.htm
摘要: 產志賀毒素性大腸桿菌(Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli;STEC)、沙門氏菌及彎曲桿菌為最常見的三種腸道病原菌。此三種病原菌皆可正常的存在於牛的胃腸道中,並可造成人類嚴重的致死性併發症,且目前對於人類的飲食造成嚴重的威脅。生鮮肉類常受到食因性病原菌的汙染,並且成為傳播食因性疾病的潛在媒介。台灣的牛肉有90%以上的牛肉皆仰賴進口,根據國際貿易局的資料顯示,進口牛肉中有90%來自美國及澳洲等國家。本實驗的目的為調查進口牛肉中致病性病原菌包括STEC、沙門氏菌及彎曲桿菌,以得知進口牛肉的公共衛生危險性。自2008年1月至12月共收集210塊進口牛肉檢體,美國93個、澳洲109個、紐西蘭4個、尼加拉瓜2個、巴拿馬1個及加拿大1個。進口美國牛肉中STEC的盛行率4.4%,澳洲為1.8%,而其他3個國家因其樣本數太少而無法估計其盛行率。另外,在美國及澳洲牛肉中之大腸桿菌盛行率相似(分別為36.6%及35%),但自美國大腸桿菌陽性牛肉檢體分離出STEC之分離率高於澳洲牛肉檢體(分別為11.4%及5.2%)。而所有的STEC菌株皆非高致病性血清型O26、O111及O157。所有的牛肉檢體皆未分離出沙門氏菌及彎曲桿菌。此三種病原菌雖並未對進口牛肉造成嚴重的污染,然而將來應持續監控進口牛肉中大腸桿菌的汙染,包括其他非STEC之致病性大腸桿菌及其帶有的抗藥性基因。
The common enteropathogens, Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. normally existing in bovine intestines, can be associated with fatal complications, and are presently threatening our food supply. More than 90% of the beef consumed in Taiwan is imported. The aim of this study was to survey the risk to public health of imported beef in Taiwan by screening for the presence of STEC, Salmonella spp., and Campylobacter spp. In total, 210 samples (109 from AUS, 93 from the USA, 4 from New Zealand, 2 from Nicaragua, 1 from Canada and 1 from Panama) of beef were obtained for this investigation from January to December, 2008. The STEC prevalence of 4.4% was determined from the USA samples, while 1.8% from the AUS samples. The sample sizes of other countries were too low to estimate the prevalence of STEC in imported beef. Moreover, the prevalence of E. coli in USA and AUS samples were similar (36.6% and 35%, respectively), but the isolated rate of STEC from positive samples of E. coli in USA beef were higher than AUS beef (11.4% and 5.2%, respectively). These data suggest that STEC in imported beef from the USA may more contaminate and pathogenic than that from AUS. However, none of these isolates were found to be of the highly pathogenic serotype O26, O111 and O157. In addition, neither Salmonella spp. nor Campylobacter spp. was detected from these samples. The occurrence of STEC in this investigation was lower to that in retail beef in other studies, but the prevalence of other two pathogens was similar to import countries. It seems that these three pathogens do not appear to be a significant contaminant of imported beef in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the rate of contamination of E. coli in imported beef should be continuously monitored in the future, along with other non-STEC pathogenic E. coli which contains antimicrobial resistant genes.
其他識別: U0005-1108200914311800
Appears in Collections:獸醫學系所



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.