Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15270
標題: 應用數值航空攝影測量於土石變異量空間分佈之可行性研究
The Feasibility of Applying Digital Photogrammetry to Spatial Distribution of Debris Variation
作者: 惠耕硯
Hui, Kneg-Yen
關鍵字: Digital photogrammetry
數值航空攝影測量
Digital terrain model (DTM)
Debris variation
Orthorectification
數值地形模型
土石變異量
正射處理
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 1.王景平、林銘郎、鄭富書、游明芳、周坤賢(2005),「松鶴地區土石流災害歷史之探討」,中華水土保持學報36卷2期203-213頁。 2.中興大學水土保持學系(2004),「松鶴地區土石災害防治計畫」,水土保持局第二工程所委託。 3.內政部地政司衛星測量中心,http://www.gps.moi.gov.tw/index.html。 4.田倚寧(2005),「集水區降雨逕流與泥砂產量關係之研究-以南澳北溪上游及番社坑溪集水區為例」,國立中興大學水土保持學系碩士論文。 5.仲琦科技,http://www.hitrontech.com/。 6.何維信(1995),「航空攝影測量學」,大中國圖書公司。 7.李俊賢(2005),「觀音坑溪集水區土砂災害區位治理順位之研究」,國立中興大學水土保持學系碩士論文。 8.吳華泰(2003),「整合特徵資訊的區域匹配法研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程學系研究所碩士論文。 9.吳奇勳(1994),「ASTER與SRTM產製DTM資料融合之研究」,國防大學中正理工學院軍事工程研究所碩士論文。 10.陳耀賢(1991),「數值影像匹配及其對相似性評估能力之研究」,國立成功大學航空測量研究所碩士論文。 11.國立成功大學測量及空間資訊學系(2003),「高精度及高解析度數值地形模型測製規範報告」,內政部地政司衛星測量中心委託。 12.農林航空測量所,http://www.afasi.gov.tw/news.asp。 13.廖大牛(1980),「森林資源攝影測量」,臺灣省林務局。 14.劉邦偉(2003),「以特徵為基礎的方法對NASA JPL AIRSAR影像與航測正射影像進行」,國立成功大學測量工程學系碩士論文。 15.歐陽元淳(2003),「水庫集水區土壤沖蝕之研究-以石門、翡翠水庫為例」,國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學系研究所碩士論文。 16.謝怡昇(2000),「數值航攝影像應用於土地利用強度之研究」,國立政治大學地政學系碩士論文。 17.Leica Photogrammetry Suite Project Manager User’s Guide(2005), Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging, LLC. 18.Wolf, P. R. and Dewitt, B. A. (2000),Elements of Photogrammetry(with Applicationsin GIS), 3rd edition. 19.Gonzalez, R. C. and Woods, R. E. (2002),Digital image processing. 20.Miller, C. L and Laflamme, R. A. (1985),The digital terrain model-theory and application, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 24(3):pp.433-443. 21.Mark, D. M. (1984),Automated detection of drainage networks from digital elevation models, Cartographica(Auto-Carto Six Selected Papers,21(2-3):pp.168-178. 22.Peucker, T. K., Fowler, R. J., Little J. J. and Mark D. M., 1978, The trigangulated irregular network. Proceedings, Digital Terrain Models(DTM) Symposium. pp.516-540. 23.Iida, T., and Okunishi, K., 1983, Development of hillslopes due to landslides, Extreme land forming events, 67-78. 24.Khazai, B. and Sitar, N. (2000),Companion website for landslides in Native Ground : A GIS-Based Approach to Regional Seismic Stability Slope Stability Assessment, 25.http://www.ce.berkeley.edu/~khazai/Research/Report/index2.html [2002,March 20].
摘要: 松鶴部落位於中橫公路上里程28公里處之對岸,集集地震時造成集水區上游大量崩塌,敏督利颱風之豪雨觸發溪谷土石流動,使松鶴部落遭受嚴重的土石災害。本研究為瞭解運用數值航空攝影測量,重建不同時期的數值地形模型,對土石變異量計算的可行性。 本研究之航空影像是運用Leica Geosystems公司所生產之ERDAS IMAGINE的Leica Photogrammetry Suites (LPS)模組,進行正射處理及數值地形模型製作。影像來源則是農林航空測量所,歷年來在松鶴地區所拍攝的航空影像。在正射處理的過程中,有空中三角測量的成果,數值地形模型的建置也經過的精度檢核的計算。對於松鶴一、二溪未列入崩塌地之範圍,變異量最大值為0.9公尺,最小值為-0.7公尺,皆在產生的數值地形模型精度範圍(1公尺)之內,並且透過刪除未列入崩塌地之範圍,以民國93年的崩塌範圍為準,進行高程變異計算,得到土石變異量及其空間分佈的情況。 研究結果顯示,松鶴一溪下游谷口處,發生堆積的現象,中游及上游則大多為侵蝕的情況。松鶴二溪上游為侵蝕的情況,下游則是在谷口至大甲溪段堆積。另外,透過計算出的高程變異量分佈圖,可瞭解河道中不同區段的土石量變異情況,並提供往後治理工程擬定的依據。
Songhe tribe is located opposite from the higher milestone of 28 kilometers on the Central Cross-island Highway. Chichi Earthquake caused several landslides at the upstream of watershed. Severe debris hazard was then followed by debris flow at the river valley triggered by intense rainfall during Typhoon Mindull. The current study applies digital photogrammetry to reconstruct digital terrain model (DTM) of various periods and evaluates the feasibility of calculating the debris variation. In order to orthorectification and create digital terrain model this research utilizes aerial images of Leica Phtogrammetry Suites model set from ERDAS IMAGINE produced by Leica Geosystems. The images are obtained from the Aerial Survey Office of Forestry Bureau, which photographs aerial images at and around Songhe in the last years. In the course of orthorectification, there are results of aerotriangulation. The construction of digital terrain model is also calculated accurately. Songhe 1st and Songhe 2nd Streams are not documented as within the scale of landslides. The alteration amounts ranging between 0.9 meter and -0.7 meter are within the accurate range of digital terrain model of one meter. Despite that the range is not deemed as landslide, further spatial distribution of debris variation are analyzed in accordance with the ranges of landslides in 2004. The results of the current study reveal that accumulation occurs at the valley mouth of Songhe 1st Stream's downstream and erosion at midstream and upstream. Erosion is also found at Songhe 2nd Stream's upstream and accumulation takes place at downstream from the valley mouth to Da-Jia River. Moreover the distribution chart of high degree alteration amount demonstrates the soils and stones alteration at various sections of the river, which can provide guidance for remediation in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15270
其他識別: U0005-1008200601311200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1008200601311200
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