Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15491
標題: 建立橋梁早強無收縮高性能混凝土波速與強度關係曲線並評估其應用
Establishing the Bridge Early-high-strength Non-contracted Concrete Velocity - Strength Relationship and Evaluating it is Possible Application.
作者: 鄭歲城
Jeng, Sui-Cheng
關鍵字: early-high-strength non-contracted concrete
敲擊回音法
Ultrasonic pulse velocity method
Impact-Echo method
超音波法
早強無收縮高性能混凝土
橋梁伸縮縫修
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 參考文獻 1. ASTM C 805 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 2. ASTM C 803 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 3. ASTM C 1150 (1992), "Standard Test Method for the Break-Off Number of Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 4. ASTM C 900 (1999), "Standard Test Method for Pullout Strength of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 5. BSI, 1992, “Recommendations for the Assessment of Concrete Strength by Near-to-Surface Tests,” BS 1881, Part 207, British Standards Institution. 6. ASTM C597 (1993), " Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete,"Annual Book of ASTM Standards,Vol.04.02. 7. ASTM C1383 (1998), " Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave Speed and the Thickness of Concrete Plates Using the Impact-Echo Method," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 8. 呂宗豪,「以敲擊回音法與超音波波速法評估現地混凝土之抗壓強度」,碩士論文,國立中興大學土木工程研究所,台中(2004)。 9. 李盈萩,「應用可感式敲擊時間原點之敲擊鋼珠量測混凝土裂縫及厚度」,碩士論文,國立中興大學土木工程研究所,台中(2003)。 10. French, C., Mokhtarzadeh, A., Ahlborn, T., and Leon, R. (1993), “Applications of High-Performance Concrete to Prestressed Concrete Bridge Girders,” 國際公共工程學術研討會論文集, pp. 115-134. 11. Aitcin, P.-C., and Neville, A. (1993), “High-Performance Concrete Demystified,” Concrete International, January, pp. 21-26. 12. Baalbaki, W., Benmokrane, B., Chaallal, O., and Aitcin, P.-C. (1991), “Influence of Coarse Aggregate on Elastic Properties of High-Performance Concrete,” ACI Materials Journal. 88, September-October, pp. 499-503. 13. Zia, P., Ahmad, S.H., and Leming, M.L. (1991), “Mechanical Properties of High Performance Concrete,” Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures and Innovations in Design, ACI SP-128, 1, pp. 543-557. 14. 劉俊杰(黃兆龍指導)(1995),”高性能混凝土緻密充填配比法與早期性質演繹”國立臺灣工業技術學院營建工程技術系博士論文 15. 中聯爐石處理資源化股份有限公司,「高爐石粉不同替代率水泥砂漿強度成長趨勢研究」,中聯爐石公司品管研發處研發報告。 16. 詹穎雯,「飛灰爐石混凝土之原理、性質與應用」,飛灰爐石於混凝土工程之合理運用研討會論文集,台灣營建研究院,1999年5月。 17. Wu. T. T., Fang, J. S., Lin, G.. Y. and Kuo, M. K.,“Determination of Elastic Constants of a Concrete Specimen Using Transient Elastic Wave”, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 98, No.4, October 1995, pp. 2142-2148(1995) 18. 王立邦,「超音波法量測混凝土彈性常數」,碩士論文,國立屏東科技大土木工程研究所,屏東(2001) 19. Sansalone, M. J. and Street, W. B.,“Impact-echo—Nondestructive Evaluation of Concrete and Masonry”, Bullbier Press, Jersey Shore, PA, U. S. A. (1997) 20. 黃茂坤,「工業用超音波檢測實務彙編」,第5-30頁(1996)。 21. R.A. Muenow,”Nondestructive Testing of Structural Members “ ,Public Works Magazine , pp.132-137(1976) 22. R.D. Lama ,and V.S. Vutukuri ,Handbook on Mechanical Propertiesof Rocks,Vol.2 and Vol.4 ; Trans Tech. Publications Clausthal ,Germany.(1978) 23. 劉賢淋,洪如江,「風化作用對岩石材料強度性質影響之研究」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學土木工程研究所,台北(1984)。 24. 陳建旭,「大理石之微觀結構對工程性質之影響」,碩士論文,國立中興大學土木研究所,台中(1986)。 25. 黃兆龍,蘇南,「台灣中北部主要河川粗骨材巨觀工程性質之研究」,土木水利,第十七卷,第一期,第43-59頁,(1990)。 26. 林宜清,陳真芳,蔡聖德,「混凝土構件幾何形狀對波速之影響」興大工程學報,第五期,27~39頁,民國83年。 27. Malhotra, V.M.(1976), “Testing Hardened Concrete :Nondestructive Methods,” ACI Monograph No. 9, American Concrete Institute/Iowa State University Press , Detroit,204pp. 28. Bungey , J.H.(1982) , “Testing of Concrete in Structures” Surrey University Press, Glasgow,207pp. 29. V.R. Sturrup, F.J. Vecchio and H. Caratin, “Pulse Velocity as a Measure of Concrete Compressive Strength”, In Situ/Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, ACI SP-82, pp. 201-227(1984) 30. W.F. Price and J.P. Hynes, “In-Situ Strength Testing of High Strength Concrete”, Magazine of Concrete Reseach, Vol.48, No.176, Sept. ,pp.189-197. (1996) 31. A. Anderson David and K. Seals Roger, “Pulse Velocity as a Predictor of 28- and 90-Day Strength”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol.78, No.2, March-April, pp.116-122. (1981) 32. ASTM C 1383 (1998), "Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave Speed and the Thickness of Concrete Plates Using the Impact-Echo Method," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 33. Proctor, T ., 〝Some Details of the NBS Conical Transducer.〞Journal of Acoustic emission, Vol. 1.,NO.3,pp.173-178(1982). 34. ACI Committee 228 Report, (1995), "In-Place Methods to Estimate Concrete Strength," ACI 228.1R-95, 41 pages. 35. 高國峰,「以粗骨材含量為主軸之混凝土波速與強度關係曲線之建立」,碩士論文,國立中興大學土木工程研究所,台中(2004)。 36. 陳建財,「建立飛灰爐石粉混凝土波速與強度關係曲線並評估及其應用」,碩士論文,國立中興大學土木工程研究所,台中(2005)。
摘要: 摘 要 本論文主要目的是要建立橋梁伸縮縫修補用之早強無收縮高性能混凝土應力波速度與抗壓強度之間的曲線關係,並探討以應力波速度來評估早強無收縮高性能混凝土各齡期之抗壓強度的可行性。由於早強無收縮高性能混凝土中的水泥砂漿強度已與骨材之強度相當,使其應力傳遞更接近理想的複合材料,本研究即針對已通車橋梁伸縮縫損壞後構件修復水膠比、骨材含量、添加劑等條件的早強無收縮高性能混凝土,以敲擊回音法和超音波法進行應力波速度之量測,同時與實驗室圓柱試體抗壓強度作比較,建立二者間之關係,以期能評估早強無收縮高性能混凝土之初凝、各齡期強度,縮短養護時間,爭取開放通車時間減少社會成本,並能建立高性能混凝土強度與波速關係的基本資料。研究結果顯示,在不同材齡和養護條件下,早強無收縮高性能混凝土應力波速度關係具有很小的變異性且抗壓強度和應力波速度間有時間性的遞增關係存在,經現場實際測試後,驗證若以非破壞應力波速度法來評估橋梁伸縮縫早強無收縮高性能混凝土之各齡期抗壓強度,對於開放通車安全時間極具參考可行性。
ABSTRACT The objectives of the thesis are to establish the relationship between the pulse velocity and the compressive strength of early-high-strength non-contracted concrete used as the repair material of bridge expansion joints and to investigate the feasibility of using the pulse velocity to evaluate the strength of the early-high-strength concrete at different ages. Past researches have shown that the compressive strength of normal-strength concrete is controlled by the strength of mortar but P-wave velocity is influenced significantly by the quality and amount of coarse aggregate, various mixture proportions produce a poor strength-velocity relationship. Unlike normal concrete, early-high-strength concrete looks like an ideal composite material because the strength of mortar can be as high as that of coarse aggregates. It is believed that the strength-velocity relationship for early-high-strength concrete is much better than that for normal strength concrete. To establish the strength-velocity relationship, the studies measured the P-wave velocity of early-high-strength concrete cylinders with various mixture proportions and under different curing conditions and carried out the compressive tests to obtain the corresponding compressive strengths. The results of the studies show that the variation of the strength-velocity relationship for early-high-strength concrete is not significant and acceptable for practical use. After field test verification, it is concluded that the application of the pulse velocity to nondestructive evaluation of the strength of the early-high-strength concrete is promising. This will be of great help in determination of the opening time for traffic.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15491
其他識別: U0005-0608200715244600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0608200715244600
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