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標題: 虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠之實現與功能分析
Implementation and Function Analysis of Glove Mouse with Virtual Tracking Ball
作者: 沈冠廷
Shen, Guan-Ting
關鍵字: mouse
cursor operate
virtual tracking ball
Bresenham Algorithm
Fitts’ law
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: Andrew, F. S., “Virtual command post",Patent Number:6215498B1, United States, 2001. Arne, J. G. and Theo, E. N., "Eye Controlled Media: Present and Future State", Thesis of Bachelor in Information Psychology, Psychological Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 1995. Bresenham, J. E.,”Algorithm for Computer control of a Digital Plotter”TBM Systems Journal, Val 4, No. 1, January 1965, pp. 25-30. Bresenham, J. E.,”Ambiguities in Incremental Line Rastering”IEEE CG&A, Vol. 7, No. 5, May 1987, pp.31-43. Carpenter, R. H.,“Movement of the eyes”, 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. London: Pion, 1997. UMS BARNES QP 477. 5. C37 1997. Chris, W., Babak, V. B. and Santa, M., “System for data management based on hand gestures”,Patent Number:6049327, United States, 2000. Craig, B. L., “Hand positioned MousePatent “,Patent Number: 6154199, United States, 2000. Douglas C. Engelbart and William K. English, “A Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect”, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the 1968 Fall Joint Computer Conference, San Francisco, CA, 33 (December 1968), pp. 395-410 Evans, D. G., Drew R. and Blenkhom P.,”Controlling Mouse Pointer Position Using an Interfaced Head-Operated Joystick”,IEEE Tran. Instrum. Meas., vol. 8, pp. 107-117, Mar. 2000. Fitts, P. M., ”The Information Capacity of the Human Motor System in Controlling the Amplitude of Movement”, Journal of Experiental Psychology, 47, 381-391,1954. James, K. F., “Strain-sensing goniometers, systems and recognition algorithms",Patent Number: 5442729, United States, 1995. Kim, E. Y., Kang, S. K., Jung, K. and Kim, H. J., “Eye mouse: mouse implementation using eye tracking”, In International Conference on Consumer Electronics, 2005. ICCE. 2005 Digest of Technical Papers, Seoul, South Korea, January 2005. Morley, R. E., Richter, E. J., Klaesner, J. W., Maluf, K. S. and Mueller, M. J.,“In-shoe multisensory data acquisition system”, IEEE Trans. on Biomedical engineering, vol.48, no.7, July 2001. Massaya, T., Takaaki, N. and Takeshi, M., “A progressive SAW Tactile Display on A PC mouse Botton”,2002. Proceedings. 11th IEEE International Workshop on 25-27 Sept. 2002 Page(s):11 – 16. Perng, J.K. , Fisher, B., Hollar, S. and Pister, K.S.J. ,“Acceleration sensing glove (ASG),”, in Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. Wearable Computers, 1999, pp.178–180. Sturman, D.J. and Zeltzer, D., "A Survey of Glove-Based Input", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 14, pp. 30-39, Jan. 1994. Thomas, Z. G., “Computer data entry and method",Patent Number: 4988981, United States, 1991. VPL-Research, DataGlove Model 2 Users Manual, Inc., 1987. Wambach, M. L.,”Computer Mouse Glove with Remote Communication”, Patent Number: 5444462, United States, 1995 Witt, H., Nicolai, T. and Kenn, H.,”Designing a wearable user interface for hands-free interaction and maintenance applications”, In PerCom 2006 - Fourth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computer and Communication, 2006 Zngf, F., ”Glove Mouse with Virtual Tracking Ball”, Patent Number: 6870526, United States, 2002. National Semiconductor Corporation,網站, 2006 Holtek Semiconductor,網站,2006 Power Glove Mouse,網站,2006 NaturalPoint,網站, 2006 POIIC.產業創新平台,網站, 2006 IT168術語詳解,網站http:// 1191.shtml, 2006 許永和, USB介面8051微處理機程式設計,全華圖書, 2002。 林振漢, 8051單晶片實作-使用C語言,博碩文化,2006。 龔信仲, 傾斜度感測器資料手套之鍵盤輸入裝置,碩士論文,國立中興大學機械工程研究所, 2003。 游家林, 研製雙手虛擬手套進行自由曲面實體之變形操作,碩士論文,國立中興大學機械工程研究所, 2003。 張尊式, 可離桌操作之虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠,碩士論文, 國立中興大學機械工程研究所, 2005。 蘇木川,可採多樣工作姿勢的點選輸入設備之經驗與驗證,博士論文,國立台灣科技大學工程管理研究所,2005。
摘要: 本論文在於實現一可離開桌面(Desktop-free)操作之可穿戴式(wearable)滑鼠。該手套滑鼠的概念是想像手握一顆軌跡球並藉由手掌翻動搭配食指及姆指彎曲,使得電腦指標以極座標方式移動,完整實現滑鼠操作的功能。本研究並對該手套滑鼠的操控效率以及精準度加以測試分析。 本研究手套滑鼠操作是以傾斜度感測器取得手盤翻轉的角度變化,再由彎曲度感測器決定移動量的大小。由於此操作方法所產生的感測訊號為極座標格式,而滑鼠USB控制晶片所能處理的訊號為直角座標格式,故在單晶片韌體的開發上,首先對傾斜度感測器的訊號利用角度內插的方法進行粗略的等分,藉以決定指標移動方向,再導入電腦圖學中Bresenham演算法的概念,配合彎曲度感測器的訊號,以不含浮點運算的數位計算的方式進行斜線訊號的處理,進而產生指標移動。該實現方式為直接使用滑鼠USB控制晶片以USB界面與電腦裝置連結。 此虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠在製作完成後,再對其使用績效和實用性進行測試分析,以光學滑鼠、觸碰板和虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠於游標移動作業下進行比較,並以運用Fitts’ law作業績效評估作為判斷標準。結果顯示虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠的移動效能雖然不及一般桌上型的光學滑鼠,但在與同為行動裝置的觸碰板以及軌跡桿比較,虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠卻以將近高出一倍的移動效率遠遠超過觸碰板以及軌跡桿。此結果顯示本研究之虛擬追蹤球手套滑鼠對於行動裝置的需求上,具有相當程度之適用性以及發展性。
The thesis is to implement a desktop-free wearable mouse. The conceptual idea of the glove mouse is to imagine holding a virtual tracking ball in the hand. By coordinating the rolling of the hand and bending of the thumb or the index finger, the cursor on the screen will move in a polar coordinate system. The study also tests and analyzes the operating efficiency and movement accuracy of the glove mouse. When the hand rolls, the tilt sensor on the metacarpus detects the rolling angle which determines the orientation of the direction line of the cursor movement. By bending the thumb or the index finger, the bending sensor will decide the magnitude of the cursor movement along the established direction line. Since the sensor signals represent coordinates in the polar coordinate system and mouse interface USB IC processes mouse signals in terms of Cartesian coordinates, a data conversion is required. Firstly, interpolation is used to divide the rolling angle into equal parts and the direction of the cursor movement is determined. Secondly, the path of the cursor movement is computed by Bresenham algorithm in which all calculations are performed in integers instead of floating point. Thirdly, the control signals are output in USB IC acceptable format to fulfill the cursor movement. By using USB interface, the glove mouse is implemented with the USB mouse IC connecting to the computer. Fitts'' law analysis method is used to evaluate the performance of the cursor operating efficiency and moving accuracy for the glove mouse. A comparison is conducted to evaluate the performance of the optical mouse, the touch pad and the track point. The results reveal that the performance of the glove mouse with virtual tracking ball is almost as twice the performance of the touch pad or track point. Consequently, this glove mouse is highly applicable on the way toward a world congested with mobile devices.
其他識別: U0005-1101200714040900
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所



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