Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15747
標題: 考慮衝程限制之多元調諧質量阻尼器振動台試驗
Shake Table Test of Control Effectiveness of Multiple Tuned Mass Dampers with Constraint of Stroke
作者: 江宏偉
Chiang, Hung-Wei
關鍵字: Multiple Tuned Mass Damper (MTMD)
多元調諧質量阻尼器
Passive Energy Dissipation Device
Benchmark Model
被動消能元件
標竿構架
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 本文主要探討多元調諧質量阻尼器(Multiple Tuned Mass Damper,簡稱 MTMD)實際應用時之衝程限制反應,在設計階段加入衝程加權因子,以損失輕微之減振效益來換取大幅之MTMD衝程反應降低,並製作實體 MTMD 元件,最後進行結構減振振動台試驗。其MTMD設計質量比2% (移動質量塊總重360公斤)、具有五個減振單元,並採用彈簧與阻尼係數統一規格之設計,可大幅降低製造成本。而為考慮MTMD動態特性之可調性,減振質量塊上設計具有可抽取質量砝碼,可改變±5%頻率;此外,阻尼桿亦採用可調式阻尼。本文試驗以國家地震工程研究中心(NCREE)標竿三層樓鋼構架為對象,利用三種不同輸入地震力(White noise、1940 El Centro、1999 Chi-Chi)來驗證MTMD的減振效果及衝程反應。 在試驗後針對此構架高模態反應,變更MTMD設計參數,並進行數值模擬分析,來驗證MTMD對多重模態反應的減振效果,接著根據此參數修改現有實體MTMD,並規劃於日後再次進行振動台減振試驗。
This thesis primarily deals with the stroke issue of Multiple Tuned Mass Damper (MTMD) which might meet constraint in practice for the vibration control of building. A stroke weighting factor is introduced in the parameter design stage to consider the importance of MTMD stroke. The idea is to obtain an MTMD parameter set that induces acceptable structural control effectiveness but large MTMD stroke reduction. Besides analytical study, this idea was also conducted experimentally by shaking table tests of a full-scale three story building with an actual MTMD prototype. The moving mass of the MTMD prototype is 360 kilograms (2% of total mass of test building) which consists of 5 units of TMDs. Each TMD has the identical damper and spring configurations for economical reason. The mass and the damper coefficient of TMD are adjustable. The shaking table tests were conducted at National Center on Research of Earthquake Engineering (NCREE). Various earthquake inputs were used to verify the structural control efficiency and MTMD stroke reduction. Experimental results demonstrate that reduction in MTMD's stroke is observed with little sacrifice in roof acceleration control. The test results also show that building responses could be dominated by the higher modes because of low damping ratios. To solve this problem, the smallest unit of TMD is designed to tune the higher mode. Numerical simulation results show the newly designed MTMD is capable of controlling the multiple modal responses of the building. Shaking table tests for the newly designed MTMD is scheduled.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15747
其他識別: U0005-1208200812135000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1208200812135000
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