Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15785
標題: 應用H∞直接輸出回饋之高速電梯水平振動控制
Horizontal Vibration Control of High-Speed Elevator Based on H∞ Direct Output Feedback
作者: 黃元柏
Huang, Yuan-Po
關鍵字: High-Speed Elevator
高速電梯
Active Mass Driver
H∞ control
Vibration Control
主動質量驅動裝置
H∞主動控制
振動控制
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 隨著超高層建築的發展,電梯運行速度必須快速提升,以減少電梯等待及搭乘的時間,但亦使得電梯之水平振動愈顯著,進而影響乘坐之舒適性甚至車體結構之安全,同時也會降低電梯的使用壽命。電梯水平振動之成因乃電梯運行過程中導軌的變形、導軌工作面粗糙度、導軌組裝誤差造成的不平整及運行過程中產生之空氣湍流。 本文發展H∞主動控制策略,應用主動質塊驅動裝置以降低車廂體之水平振動加速度,以改善搭乘電梯之舒適感,增進電梯安全。首先建立電梯系統運行多自由度動態方程式,探討造成車廂體水平振動之外力特性,分析電梯車廂體振動反應,同時應用具強健性之H∞控制理論計算最佳施加控制力大小,並進行數值模擬驗證,確保主動質塊驅動裝置之控制效用。
More and more skyscrapers have been built in recent years. To save travel-time by the elevator, high-speed elevators are required. An horizontal vibration problem is occurred when the elevator-box travels in the high velocity. Such vibration problem is due to natural deformation of the guide rails or human-errors when assemble the whole elevator structures and systems or eddy current when the system is operating. This kind of vibration makes passengers uncomfortable while riding high-speed elevator and cause a possible vehicle failure problem. This paper develops an active control strategy using H∞ and applies it on the high-speed elevator to reduce horizontal vibration. A MDOF high-speed elevator system and corresponding equation of motion are built for this particular study. The numerical simulation using robust H∞ control theory is then applied to the system to determine the optimized control forces to ensure the efficiency of the AMD.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15785
其他識別: U0005-2008200801035100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2008200801035100
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