Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15925
標題: 半主動摩擦多元調諧質量阻尼器於結構減振之應用
Vibration Control of Seismic Structures Using Semi-active Friction Typed Multiple Tuned Mass Dampers
作者: 楊庭維
Yang, Ting-Wei
關鍵字: MTMD
調諧質量阻尼器
Friction Dampers
SAF-MTMD
Semi-active Friction Multiple TMD
多元調節質量阻尼器
摩擦消能
半主動控制
結構控制
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 調諧質量阻尼器(Tuned Mass Damper, TMD),為質量塊-阻尼-彈簧所組成之系統,具有特定頻率與阻尼,依據調頻共振原理,將結構物承受之能量轉移於TMD,並利用TMD之阻尼消散能量,改變原結構之動態特性,降低主結構之動態反應。線性TMD最佳化理論發展已漸趨成熟,而非線性系統TMD最佳化理論研究仍在發展中。 本文所建議之摩擦型TMD即為一種非線性TMD,其利用摩擦機制取代傳統之黏滯阻尼器,以消散主結構傳至TMD之振動能量。本文主要探討被動摩擦多元TMD(Passive Friction Multiple TMD, PF-MTMD)可能於地震中進入黏著狀態而失去調頻和消能之能力。進而提出半主動摩擦多元TMD (Semi-active Friction Multiple TMD, SAF-MTMD),以有效改善PF-MTMD之缺點。 SAF-MTMD係由質量塊與半主動摩擦機構所構成,該系統可隨地震力特性與結構反應改變滑動摩擦力大小,且提供穩定之往復摩擦消能運動,配合防鎖摩擦 (Non-sticking Friction, NSF)控制律,可使SAF-MTMD系統於任何地震力大小下都能保持作動狀態,避免摩擦型MTMD因黏著而失去調頻與消能效用,提升減震能力。
The design and application of linear typed tuned mass damper(TMD) systems are well developed, nonlinear TMD systems are still developing.In this paper, statement about friction typed TMD system, which is one kinds of nonlinear TMD. Friction typed TMD energy dissipating by friction mechanism, there is no need for the installation of extra damping device. But passive friction multiple TMD(PF-MTMD) slip load is fixed and pre-determined value. The PF-MTMD may lose its tuning and energy dissipating ability when the PF-MTMD is in its stick state. In order to overcome this problem, a semi-active friction multiple TMD(SAF-MTMD) in this paper. SAF-MTMD is composed of a mass and a semi-active friction device (SAFD). The friction forces of the SAFD is controllable. A non-sticking friction (NSF) control law, which is able to keep SAF-MTMD activated throughout an earthquake with arbitrary intensity, was conducted. The performance of PF-MTMD and SAF-MTMD for protection of seismic structures was investigated numerically.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15925
其他識別: U0005-0408200915373100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0408200915373100
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