Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16362
標題: 應用河道空間分析於河床變異性之研究
Study on the Variability of Stream bed for Stream Geometry Using Spatial Analysis
作者: 黃嵩文
Huang, Sung-Wen
關鍵字: 數值地形模型
digital terrain model
縱剖面高程變異
橫剖面高程變異
河道堆積量
坡降指數
崩塌地
lengthwise profile elevation variation
cross profile elevation variation
river course stack quantity
slope index
slided land
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 1.廖大牛(1980),「森林資源攝影測量」,臺灣省林務局。 2.陳耀賢(1991),「數值影像匹配及其對相似性評估能力之研究」,國立成功大學航空測量研究所碩士論文。 3.吳奇勳(1994),「ASTER與SRTM產製DTM資料融合之研究」,國防大學中正理工學院軍事工程研究所碩士論文。 4.莊光澤 (1994) ,阿里山地區道路邊坡穩定性因子之探討,國立成功大學地球科學系碩士論文。 5.何維信(1995),「航空攝影測量學」,大中國圖書公司。 6.陳柔妃(1998),嘉南地區活動構造之地形計測指標研究,國立成功大學地球科學研究所碩士論文。 7.謝怡昇(2000),「數值航攝影像應用於土地利用強度之研究」,國立政治大學地政學系碩士論文。 8.劉邦偉(2003),「以特徵為基礎的方法對NASA JPL AIRSAR影像與航測正射影像進行」,國立成功大學測量工程學系碩士論文。 9.吳華泰(2003),「整合特徵資訊的區域匹配法研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程學系研究所碩士論文。 10.陳彥傑(2004),台灣山脈的構造地形指標特性-以面積高度積分、地形碎形參數與河流坡降指標為依據,國立成功大學大球科學研究所博士論文。 11.莊耀中(2004),以地形因子判釋野溪之土石流發生潛勢,國立中興大學土木工程所碩士論文。 12.陳俊仰(2007),應用數值航空攝影測量於土石變異量空間分佈之評估,國立中興大學土木工程所碩士論文。 13.吳仲民(2008),應用數值航空攝影測量於地形高程變異之評估,國立中興大學土木工程所碩士論文。 14.賴韋廷(2009),利用不同崩坍地分類法改進崩坍潛釋之研究-以德基水庫集水區為例,國立中興大學土木工程所碩士論文。 15.羅偉倫(2010),應用河道高程時空變異推估河道危險程度之研究,國立中興大學土木工程所碩士論文。 16.Hack, J.T.(1957)Studies of longitudinal stream profile in Virginia and Maryland. U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper v.294-B, p.45-95. 17.Peucker, T. K., Fowler, R. J., Little J. J. and Mark D. M., (1978), The trigangulated irregular network. Proceedings, Digital Terrain Models(DTM) Symposium. pp.516-540. 18.Mark, D. M. (1984),Automated detection of drainage networks from digital elevation models, Cartographica(Auto-Carto Six Selected Papers,21(2-3):pp.168-178. 19.Miller, C. L and Laflamme, R. A. (1985),The digital terrain model-theory and application, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 24(3):pp.433-443. 20.Clowes, A. and P. Comfort (1986) Process and Landform, Oliver and Boyd. 21.Snow, R.S., and R.L. Slingerland, (1987) Mathematical modeling of graded river profile. Journal of Geology, v.95, p.15-33. 22.Channel Stability Assessment for Flood Control Projects, Technical Enginerring and Design Guidlines as adapted from the US Army Corps of Engineers. 23.Wolf, P. R. and Dewitt, B. A. (2000), Elements of Photogrammetry (with Applicationsin GIS), 3rd edition. 24.Khazai, B. and Sitar, N. (2000), Companion website for landslides in Native Ground : A GIS-Based Approach to Regional Seismic Stability Slope Stability Assessment. 25.Rãdoane, M., Rãdoane, N., and Dumitriu, D. (2003) Geomorphological evolution of longitudinal river profiles in the Carpathians. Geomorphology, v.50, p.293-306.
摘要: 民國98年8月8日莫拉克颱風重創南投縣眉溪地區,造成上游集水區多處崩塌,大量土石運移,使河道內土石嚴重堆積、河床變異,造成集水區內聚落、道路、耕地及公共設施嚴重傷害。 本研究運用ERDAS IMAGINE的Leica Photogrammetry Suites 2010 (LPS)模組,進行民國96年與民國98年正射影像與數值地形模型(DTM)的製作,以作為比對風災前後期的資料,影像來源為農林航空測量所於眉溪地區所拍攝的航空影像。 研究中以河道空間分析為主,來探討河道高程的變化、土石的變異量以及河道的縱剖面與橫剖面及其成因,並輔以河道坡降指數(S-L Index),利用地形學河流縱剖面的概念,以探討眉溪河道內水工構造物於災前與災後的變異性。 分析結果,眉溪河道邊坡淘刷與支流運移大量土石並且堆積於主河道,整體河道總堆積量約為3,229萬立方公尺,平均堆積高度約為5~6公尺,顯示經歷幾次颱風之後,造成河道嚴重堆積,透過本研究的分析與探討,以評估河道堆積之後的後續治理工程。
Since August 8th, 2009, the typhoon MORAKOT has had a serious hit at Meixi Area in Nantou. Caused a lot of debris down from the upstream catchment area ,it has made a serious accumulation of debris within the river and riverbed variation as well. Moreover, debris accumulation caused a great damage at villages, roads, cultivated fields and public facilities within the catchment area. Therefore, this research uses the Leica Photogrammetry Suites 2010 (LPS) model of ERDAS IMAGINE to progress the data comparison of Digital Orthophoto and digital terrain model in 96 and 98 years. The image source is from the agricultural aviation measurement belongs to Mei River Area, photographed the aviation imagine. Besides, the research is focus on river analysis and investigates the change of river elevation, variance of debris, the lengthwise profile of river and lengthwise profile and its causes. Assisted by river slope index and use the concept of Topography River lengthwise profile, this research is to explore the Hydraulic structures in Mei River and the variability of river and the cleanness of river gravel between Pre-disaster and Disaster. The result of the analysis shows the large accumulation and scour in Mei River. The accumulation of whole river is about 17.45 million square meters. The average accumulation height is about 5~6 meter. This research shows that several typhoons have caused severe accumulation of river. Through this analysis and explore of the research, we may evaluate the follow-up curb engineering after river sediment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16362
其他識別: U0005-0108201114291700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201114291700
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