Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16391
標題: 框式施工架側邊拉桿型式對承載力影響之研究
Influence of the interior cross braces on the load-carrying capacity of frame-type scaffolds
作者: 陳立信
CHEN, LI-HSIN
關鍵字: Scaffolding
施工架
Cross braces
Full scale tests
Questionnaire survey
交叉拉桿
實體試驗
問卷調查
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 參考文獻 一、中文部分 1. 王仁昭,施工架支撐能力探討,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,2002年。 2. 王郁傑,施工架水平踏板性能測試與分析,中華大學土木與工程資訊學系(所)碩士論文,2008年。 3. 王鍾凱,施工架失效模式分析與性能查核表之製作,中華大學土木與工程資訊學系(所)碩士論文,2007年。 4. 林佩瑾,施工架安全自動化管理系統之建構,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所碩士論文,2007年。 5. 邱梅芳,高塔設備施工架結構自動設計分析之研究,國立成功大學土木工程學系專班碩士論文,2010年。 6. 吳熙民,營建業施工架作業人員墜落之人因研究,華梵大學工業管理學系碩士論文,2005年。 7. 林穎,我國營建工程框式鋼管施工架檢驗技術暨檢定制度之研究,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,1999年。 8. 黃文鐸,框式施工架承載力評估,國立臺灣大學應用力學研究所碩士論文,2003年。 9. 黃培松,鋼管施工架之使用安全評估及承載力之探討,朝陽科技大學營建工程系碩士論文,2001年。 10.徐震宇,營造安全衛生設施標準妥適性之研究-以施工架為例,國立中央大學營建管理研究所碩士論文,2004年。 11.陳其民,交叉拉桿對施工架支撐能力之影響,中興大學土木工程學系所碩士論文,2006年。 12.康景翔,施工架標準修正及搭設指引之探討,中華大學土木與工程資訊學系(所)碩士論文,2008年。 13.張偉武,施工架安全衛生措施之探討,中興大學土木工程學系所碩士論文,2008年1月。 14.楊尚樺,框式施工架安全設計之研究,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所碩士論文,2006年。 15.劉金磚,2公尺以上施工架作業許可書之建立,國立高雄第一科技大學環境與安全衛生工程所碩士論文,2009年。 16.謝政翔,施工架人因工程與計價模式之探討,中華大學土木工程學系碩士論文,2011年。 17.簡嘉良,施工架穩定設計之探討,中興大學土木工程學系所碩士論文,2008年1月。 18. 99年勞動檢查年報,行政院勞工委員會勞工檢查處http://www.cla.gov.tw/cgi-bin/siteMaker/SM_themePro?page=4e15159a 19.全國法規資料庫法規檢索 http://law.moj.gov.tw/Law/LawSearchLaw.aspx 20.國家標準(cns)檢索系統http://www.cnsonline.com.tw/ 21.臺灣碩博士論文知識加值系統http://ndltd.ncl.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi/login?o=dwebmge 二、西文部分 22.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE, “American National Standard for Construction and demolition Operations: Scaffolding-safety Requirements (ANSI A10.8 ~ 2001) http://webstore.ansi.org/FindStandards.aspx?SearchString=A10.8&SearchOption=0&PageNum=0&SearchTermsArray=null%7cA10.8%7cnull 23.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE, “American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations: Concrete and Masonry Work-Safety Requirements (ANSI 10.9 ~ 1997 (R2004)) http://webstore.ansi.org/FindStandards.aspx?SearchString=A10.9&SearchOption=0&PageNum=0&SearchTermsArray=null%7cA10.9%7cnull 24.UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Standard http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owares.do_search?p_doc_type=STANDARDS&p_logger=1&p_status=CURRENT&p_search_type=STANDTEXTPOLICY&p_search_str=Scaffolding&x=21&y=8 25.Canadian Standards Association, CSA S269.1-1975 (R2003) Falsework for Construction Purposes http://www.techstreet.com/cgi-bin/detail?doc_no=CSA%7CS269_1_1975_R2003_&product_id=945656 26.CSA Standard S269.2-M1980 Access Scaffolding for Construction http://www.safemanitoba.com/uploads/bulletins/standardcsa_scaffolding_s269_2_m1980.pdf 27.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS EN 39:2001 Loose steel tubes for tube and coupler scaffolds. Technical delivery conditions http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030049613 28.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS 1139-2.2:2009Metal scaffolding. Couplers. Aluminium couplers and special couplers in steel. Requirements and test methods http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030150059 29.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS EN 74-1:2005 Couplers, spigot pins and baseplates for use in falsework and scaffolds. Couplers for tubes. Requirements and test procedures http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030141314 30.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS EN 74-3:2007 Couplers, spigot pins and baseplates for use in falsework and scaffolds. Plain base plates and spigot pins. Requirements and test procedures http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030240690 31.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS 5975:2008+A1:2011 Code of practice for temporary works procedures and the permissible stress design of falsework http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030240690 32.BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION BS 5975:1996 Code of practice for falsework http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030126739 33.JSCE Guidelines for Concrete No.6 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONCRETE STRUCTURES - 2002 "Materials and Construction" http://www.jsce.or.jp/publication/e/book/p513.html
摘要: When the cross-bar is set up according to the existing regulations, it is likely to cause inconvenience to practical operation and pose concerns on the operational safety. In order to ease the operation, the cross-bar of a box-frame may be removed. This may lead to the collapse of the box-frame or the falling of construction workers and, therefore, result in industrial safety incident. Utilizing both physical loading test and questionnaire survey, this study explores the loading capability of a box-frame and the experience feedback from the construction practitioners. The physical loading test is conducted on a single-row, three-layer box-frame, trading off cross-bar or horizontal-bard on single side or both sides. This research is conducted on 4 groups of box-frame construction, numbered by 0423type-0, 0423type-1,0423 type-2 and 0423type-3. The results from loading test showed that the box-frame with cross-bars installed on both sides withstand the highest load. If the cross-bar on a single side is replaced with a horizontal-bar, the loading capability is reduced to 78.4%. Furthermore, if the cross-bar is removed on one side, the loading capability is reduced to 55% while the loading capability will be reduced to 6.5% if both sides of cross-bar are removed. Questionnaire survey showed that 74.5% of the construction practitioners are willing to adopt the suggestion of "replacing a cross-bar with a horizontal-bar on single side. Furthermore, 18% of the practitioners expressed strongly their complete willingness to adopt the suggestion. Meanwhile, the weighted ratio is only 45% to 54% on the ability to implement Point 6 of “Box-Frame Operation Safety Guideline and Inspection Key Points”.
現行法規所規定的拉桿設置型式,容易造成實務的不便與安全性之顧慮。如果為求施工便利,遽然拆除拉桿,可能導致工架之倒塌,或是人員墜落,而造成工安事件。本研究以實體載重試驗與問卷調查的方式,探討框式施工架承載力和工程實務人員之經驗回饋。 實體載重試驗以單排三層的框式施工架進行荷重加載,考量兩側邊有無交叉拉桿或水平拉桿,本研究規劃4組框式施工架,試體編號為:0423type-0、0423type-1、0423type-2、0423type-3。實體載重試驗結果顯示,兩側邊均有交叉拉桿可承受的最大載重為最高,如將單一側邊的交叉拉桿改為水平拉桿,其承載力將降為78.4 %;如拆除單一側邊的交叉拉桿,其承載力將降為55%;如拆除兩側邊的交叉拉桿,其承載力將降為6.5%。 問卷調查的結果顯示,74.5%的工程實務人員願意採用「單側以水平拉桿替代交叉拉桿」建議,且有18%的工程實務人員以100%的意願表達強烈期盼。同時對於「框式施工架作業安全指引及檢查重點」第六點之能落實的加權比率只有45%~54%。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16391
其他識別: U0005-0502201217471600
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0502201217471600
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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