Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16736
標題: 探討無電極置換法製備銀奈米材修飾鋅板之效果及其表面增強拉曼散射效應
Electroless Deposition Method in Preparation of Silver Nanomaterials on Zinc Substrates for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Measurement
作者: 陳俊瑋
Chen, Chun-Wei
關鍵字: Raman scattering
拉曼散射
Surface enhanced Raman scattering
SERS
Electroless deposition
Zinc substrates
Amino additve
表面增強拉曼散射
無電極置換
鋅基材
氨類添加劑
出版社: 化學系所
引用: 參考文獻: 1. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R.R. Dasari and M.S. Feld, ”Utrasensitive Chemical Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy”, Chem. Rev., 1999, 99, 2957-2975 2.Z. Tian, B. Ren and D. Wu, ”Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering: From Noble to Transition Metals and from Rough Surfaces to Ordered Nanostructures”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2002, 106, 9463-9483 3.G. C . Schatz, “Theoretical Studies of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering”, Acc. Chem. Res., 1984, 17, 370-376 4. D.-S. Wang and M. Kerker,” Enhanced Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed at the surface of colloidal spheroids”, Phys. Rev. B, 1981, 24, 1777-1790 5.V. M. Shalaev, “Electromagnetic properties of small-particle composites”, Phys. Rep., 1996, 272, 61-137 6.A. Campion and P. Kambhampati, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering”, Chem. Soc. Rev., 1998, 27, 241-250 7. A. Campion, J. E. Ivanecky, C. M. Child and M. Foster, ” On the Mechanism of Chemical Enhancement in Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering ”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 11807-11808 8.M. Fleischmann, P. J. Hendra, and A. J. McQuillan, “Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrode”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1974, 26, 163-166 9.D. L. Jeanmaire and R. P. Van Duyne, ” Surface raman spectroelectrochemistry: Part I. Heterocyclic, aromatic, and aliphatic amines adsorbed on the anodized silver electrode”, J. Electroanal. Chem., 1977, 84, 1-20 155 10.M. G. Albrecht and J. A. Creighton, “Anomalously Intense Raman Spectra of Pyridine at a Silver Electrode”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 5215-5217 11.K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, ”Single Molecule Detection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS)”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 1997, 78, 1667-1670 12.S. Nie and S. R. Emory, ”Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering”, Science, 1997, 275, 1102-1106 13.R.M. Stockle, Y.D. Suh, V. Deckert and R. Zenobi, “Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2000, 318, 131-136 14.M.S. Anderson, “Locally enhanced Raman spectroscopy with an atomic force microscope”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2000, 76, 3130-3132 15.B. Pettinger, G. Picardi, R. Schustera and G. Ertl, “Surface-enhanced and STM tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of CN- ions at gold surfaces”, J. Electroanal. Chem., 2003, 554, 293-299 16.A. Kudelski, “Analytical applications of Raman spectroscopy”, Talanta, 2008, 76, 1–8 17.K.C. Lee, S.T. Pai, Y.C. Chang, M.C. Chen and W.-H. Li, “Optimum massthickness of Ag-nanoparticle film for surface enhanced Raman scattering”, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 1998, 52, 189-194. 18.E. Hesse and J.A. Creighton, “Investigation of cyanide ions adsorbed on platinum and palladium coated silver island films by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1999, 303, 101-106. 19.S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh , R.A. Dluhy and Y.-P. Zhao, ”Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman 156 spectroscopy substrates”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2005, 87, 31908. 20.Q.Zhou, S.Wang, N. Jia, L. Liu, J. Yang and Z. Jiang, ”Synthesis of highly crystalline silver dendrites microscale nanostructures by electrodeposition”, Mater.Lett., 2006, 60, 3789–3792 21.C. Jing and Yan Fang,” Simple method for electrochemical preparation of silver dendrites used as active and stable SERS substrate”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2007, 314, 46-51 22.G. Xue and J. Dong “Stable Sllvet Substrate Prepared by the Nitric Acid Etching Method for a Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Study”, Anal. Chem., 1991, 63, 2393-2397 23. K. T. Cawon and B. J. Kennedy, “Molecular-Specific Chromatographic Detector Using Modified SERS Substrates”, Anal. Chem., 1995, 67, 3353-3356 24.Y. Wu, B. Zhao, W. Xu, B. Li,Y. Mee Jung and Y. Ozaki, “Near-Infrared Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Study of Ultrathin Films of Azobenzene-Containing Long-Chain Fatty Acids on a Silver Surface Prepared by Silver Mirror and Nitric Acid Etched Silver Foil Methods”, Langmuir, 1999, 15, 4625-4629 25.K, S, Shin, H. S. Lee, S. W. Joo and K. Kim, “Surface-Induced Photoreduction of 4-Nitrobenzenethiol on Cu Revealed by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Spectroscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2007, 111, 15223-15227 26.J.Hu, B.Zhao, W. Xu, Y. Fan, B. Li and Y. Ozaki, “Simple Method for Preparing Controllably Aggregated Silver Particle Films Used as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Active Substrates”, Langmuir, 2002, 18, 6839-6844 27.M. Suzuki, Y. Niidome, Y. Kuwahara, N. Terasaki, K. Inoue and S.Yamada, “Surface-Enhanced Nonresonance Raman Scattering from Sizeand Morphology-Controlled Gold Nanoparticle Films”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 157 2004, 108, 11660-11665 28.J. Fang, C. Zhong and R. Mu, Chem., “The study of deposited silver particulate films by simple method for efficient SERS”, Phys. Lett., 2005 401, 271-275 29.H. Jia, J. Zeng, W. Song, J. An and B. Zhao, ”Preparation of silver nanoparticles by photo-reduction for surface-enhanced Raman scattering”, Thin Solid Films, 2006, 496, 281-287 30.L. Lu, A. Kobayashi, Y. Kikkawa, K. Tawa and Y. Ozaki, “Oriented Attachment-Based Assembly of Dendritic Silver Nanostructures at Room Temperature”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110, 23234-23241 31.L. Kvıtek, R. Prucek, A. Panacek, R. Novotny, J. Hrbac and R. Zboril “The influence of complexing agent concentration on particle size in the process of SERS active silver colloid synthesis”, J. Mater. Chem., 2005, 15, 1099–1105 32.J. Kim, “Reduction of Silver Nitrate in Ethanol by Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)”, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 2007, 13, 566-570 33.S. Nath, S. K. Ghosh, S. Kundu, S. Praharaj, S. Panigrahi, S. Basu and T. Pal, “A convenient approach to synthesize silver nanoshell covered functionalized polystyrene beads: A substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering”, Mater. Lett., 2005, 59, 3986 – 3989 34.Kaniyankandy, J. Nuwad, C. Thinaharan, G. K. Dey and C. G. S. Pillai, “Electrodeposition of silver nanodendrites”, Nanotechnology, 2007, 18, 125610 35.K. Y. Lee, J. Hwang, Y. W. Lee, J. Kim and S. W. Han, “One-step synthesis of gold nanoparticles using azacryptand and their applications in SERS and catalysis”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2007, 316, 476-481 36.M. Cheng and J. Yang, “Influences of Composition on Electroless Deposition of Silver Nanoparticles on Glass Substrates for 158 Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Measurements”, Appl. Spectrosc., 2008, 62, 1384-1394 37.H. K. Park, J. K. Yoon and K. Kim, “Novel Fabrication of Ag Thin Film on Glass for Efficient Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering”, Langmuir, 2006, 22, 1626-1629 38.K. Kim, H. S. Kim and H. K. Park, “Facile Method To Prepare Surface-Enhanced-Raman-Scattering-Active Ag Nanostructures on Silica Spheres”, Langmuir, 2006, 22, 8083-8088 39.H. K. Park, H. B. LEE, and K. Kim, “A Facile Deposition of Silver onto the Inner Surface of a Glass Capillary Tube for Micro-Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Measurements”, Appl. Spectrosc., 2007, 61, 19-24 40.H. Zhu, L. Bao, S. M. Mahurin, G. A. Baker, E. W. Hagamana and S. Dai, ”Seeded growth of robust SERS-active 2D Au@Ag nanoparticulate films”, J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 1079-1081 41.J. Yang and P. R. Griffiths, “Preparation and characterization by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy of silver nanoparticles formed on germanium substrates by electroless displacement”, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 2007, 388, 109-119 42.L. A. Porter, Jr., H. C. Choi, J. M. Schmeltzer, A. E. Ribbe, L.C. C. Elliott and J. M. Buriak, “Electroless Nanoparticle Film Deposition Compatible with Photolithography, Microcontact Printing, and Dip-Pen Nanolithography Patterning Technologies”, Nano Lett., 2002, 2, 1369-1372 43.C. NIE and Z. Feng, “Simple Preparation Method for Silver Reduction of AgNO3 on Copper Foil”, Appl. Spectrosc., 2002, 56, 300-305 44.W. Song, Y. Cheng, H. Jia, W.Xu and B. Zhao, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering based on silver dendrites substrate”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2006, 298, 765-768 159 45.K. S. Shin, H. Ryoo, Y. M. Lee, and K. Kim, ”Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Benzenethiol Adsorbed on Silver-Exchanged Copper Powders”, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2008, 29, 445-449 46. C. Zuo and P.W. Jagodzinski, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Pyridine Using Different Metals: Differences and Explanation Based on the Selective Formation of α-Pyridyl on Metal Surfaces”, Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109, 1788-1793 47.X. Wen, Y.o Xie, M. W. C. Mak, K.Y. Cheung, X. Li, R. Renneberg and S.Yang, “Dendritic Nanostructures of Silver: Facile Synthesis, Structural Characterizations, and Sensing Applications”, Langmuir, 2006, 22, 4836-4842 48.S. Lv, H. Suo, T. Zhou, C. Wang, S. Jing, Q. Fu, Y. Xu and C. Zhao, “Effect of synthesis route on the morphologies of silver nanostructures by galvanic displacement reaction”, Solid State Commun., 2009, 149, 227-230 49.C.Yan, and D. Xue, “A Modified Electroless Deposition Route to Dendritic Cu Metal Nanostructures”, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2008, 8, 1849-1854 50.C. Wang, D. Sun and X. Xia, ” One-step formation of nanostructured gold layers via a galvanic exchange reaction for surface enhancement Raman scattering”, Nanotechnology, 2006, 17, 651-657 51.B.O. Skadtchenko and R. Aroca, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of p-nitrothiophenol Molecular vibrations of its silver salt and the surface complex formed on silver islands and colloids”, Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 2001, 57,1009–1016 52.M. Osawa, N. Matsuda, K. Yoshii, and I. Uchida, “Charge Transfer Resonance Raman Process in Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering from p-Aminothiophenol Adsorbed on Silver: Herzberg-Teller Contribution”, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 12702-12707 53.A. Michota and J. Bukowska, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering 160 (SERS) of 4-mercaptobenzoic acid on silver and gold substrates”, J. Raman Spectrosc., 2003, 34, 21–25 54.Y. Sun, D. Wang, J. Gao, Z. Zheng and Q. Zhang, “Synthesis of Silver (nano)Particle under Hyperbranched Poly(amido amine)s”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2007, 103, 3701–3705 55.D.-S. Wang and M. Kerker, ”Enhanced Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed at the surface of colloidal spheroids”, Phys. Rev. B, 1981, 24, 1777-1790 56.S. R. Emory, W. E. Haskins and S. Nie, “Direct Observation of Size-Dependent Optical Enhancement in Single Metal Nanoparticles”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 8009-8010
摘要: 本研究以鋅金屬做為基板, 利用無電極置換法(Electroless deposition)製備奈米銀材於基板上,做為表面增強拉曼散射(Surface enhanced Raman Scattering, SERS)基材,透過感測硝基硫苯酚的拉曼訊號、最佳化反應條件,達到提升SERS 訊號之目的。為瞭解反應條件對形成銀材形態之影響,以及瞭解SERS 訊號與形態的關係,本研究透過使用掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning electron microscope, SEM)取得各種條件下製備出之奈米銀材的形態,並與SERS 訊號作相關性探討,為有效控制奈米銀材之形態,本研究透過使用胺類化合物之添加達到有效製備結合SERS 量測之奈米銀材。 為瞭解反應機制與最佳化反應條件,研究分為兩部份:其一為單一胺類添加劑對SERS 基板製備之影響。其二為混合式胺類添加劑對SERS 基板製備之影響。在單一胺類添加劑影響之研究中,舉凡反應時間、反應溫度、添加劑濃度與物種皆詳加討論。實驗結果顯示10 mM 硝酸銀與550 mM ethylamine 反應50 分鐘之鋅基板其效果最好,增強倍率可達到10的6次方倍。胺類添加劑之濃度提高有助於降低反應速率,以便製備出奈米銀材具有較高之晶性,SERS 訊號也相對提高,反應溫度之降低亦與高濃度添加劑之效果相同,亦即有助於SERS 訊號之提升,以胺類物種而言,具較短碳鍵之一級胺類分子對基材之製備有正面之效果尤其ethylamine 之效果最佳。在混合式胺類添加劑使用效果的探討上,實驗以ethylamine 為主要物種經添加第二種胺類分子後,觀察形態的變化結果。當使用長鏈分子作為第二添加劑時,隨著鏈長和濃度的提高銀材呈現樹叢狀的晶性結構。由當使用直鏈雙胺分子作為第二添加劑時,短鏈雙胺分子會製備出球狀結構,長鏈雙胺分子則會使反應受到抑制而製備出聚集銀層。
In this study, methods to prepare substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) measurements were proposed and examined.Zinc plates were used as base plates to have further modifications of a thin layer of nanostructural silver materials using electroless deposition method. In general, the prepared substrates offer an enhancement factor larger than 106 in SERS measurements. To understand the mechanism in formation of nanostructural silver materials and to optimize the reaction conditions, factors that affect the reactions were examined. These factors included the concentration of silver nitrate, the reaction time and temperatures, and the concentration and species of amino additives.Results indicated that the formation of the structural silver materials having large enhancement factors is strongly depending upon the reaction speed in the electroless deposition processes. Basically, the slower of the reaction rate, the produced silver materials tend to have crystal structures to provide better SERS signals. Therefore, the increase of reaction temperature and concentration of silver nitrates decreased the SERS signals due to formation of less crystalline structures. Amino compounds were selected to form complexes with silver ions and the zinc ions. The addition of amino compounds indeed largely reduced the reaction rate and with an enough concentration of amino compounds, the formed structural silver materials provided strong SERS effect, especially when short alkyl chain amino compounds were used. The optimal condition was found as the reaction was performed under ice-water bath with the reaction solution containing 550 mM ethylamine and 10 mM of silver nitrate. The enhancement factor found in the optimal reaction condition could be larger than 106.To further examine the role of the amino additive and to further improve the enhancement factors, amino additives were composed with two amino compounds to tune the reaction conditions to match the SERS effects. In this study, ethylamine was selected as the first amino compound due to better performance among the examined amino compounds. Second amino compounds were designed to have different alkyl chain length and second functional groups. These second amino compounds included diamino compounds and alkyl amines with different chain length. The mechanism to form the nanostructural silver materials followed the behaviors when only one amino additive was used. In general, the formed structural silver materials with two amino compounds as additive provided better performance than with one amino compound as additive. Also, the morphologies of the silver nanomaterials could be controlled more precisely to have higher precision in SERS signals when combined amino compounds were used as additive.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16736
其他識別: U0005-1908200913514200
Appears in Collections:化學系所

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.