Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17073
標題: 氧化鋅奈米顆粒與奈米柱於染料敏化太陽能電池之應用
Characterization of dye-sensitized solar cells based on ZnO nanoparticles and nanorods
作者: 陳佳靜
Chen, Chia-Chun
關鍵字: ZnO nanorods DSSC
氧化鋅奈米柱染料敏化太陽能電池
出版社: 物理學系所
引用: 參考資料 1.J.B. Baxter, E.S. Aydil, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 90, 607–622 (2006). 2.J. B. Baxter and E. S. Aydil Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 053114 (2005). 3.J. Phys. Condens. Matter, 16, R829–858 (2004). 4.陳秀連,台灣科技大學材料科技研究所碩士論文,2005。 5.林義成,“Solar Cell Introduction”彰化師範大學機電系/顯示所,2005。 6.S.Naga, M.Tamekawa, T.Terashita, H.Anade, H.Onnagawa, Synth. Met, 91, 129 (1997). 7.M. Grätzel, Nature, 414, 338−344 (2001). 8.B. O’Regan, M. Grätzel, Nature, 353, 737−740 (1991). 9.M. Quintana, T. Edvinsson, A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, J. Phys. Chem. C, 111, 1035-1041 (2007). 10.J. Zhang, H.Liu, Z.Wang, N. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113117 (2007). 11.B. Pradhan, Sudip K. Batabyal, Amlan J. Pal, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 91, 769–773(2007). 12.C.H. Ku and J.J. Wu, Nanotechnology, 18, 505706 (2007). 13.李德龍,國立中興大學物理所碩士論文,2007. 14.C. Lin, H. Lin, J. Li, X. Li, J. Alloys Compd. (2007). 15.D.I. Suh, S.Y. Lee, T.H. Kim, J.M. Chun, E.K. Suh, Chemical Physics Letters, 442, 348–353 (2007). 16.陳金鑫,黃孝文,有機發光材料與元件,光南圖出版社,2005。 17.莊嘉琛,太陽能工程-太陽電池篇,光華科技出版社,2005。 18.林明獻,太陽能技術入門,全華圖書,2008。 19.C. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, K. W. Tan, G. Q. Lo, A. K. K. Kyaw, and D. L. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 143101(2008). 20.Alex B.F.Martinson, Jeffrey W. Elam, Joseph T. Hupp, Michael J.Pellin, Nano Lett. 7(8), 2183-2187(2007). 21.K. Kakiuchi, M. Saito, S. Fujihara, Thin Solid Films (2007). 22.S. Fay, U. Kroll, C. Bucher, E. Vallat-Sauvain, A. Shah, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 86, 385-397 (2005). 23.M. Guo, P. Diaoc, S. Cai, Applied Surface Science, 249, 71–75 (2005).
摘要: Abstract The main research subject of this thesis is dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) that make up of ZnO nanorods grown on a ZnO film and on a sapphire substrate. Due to the low electrical conductivity of as grown ZnO films, a complementary silver epoxy was to help the conduction of the electrons. A drawback of the production of a "dark current ". Since the ZnO-nanorod DSSCs samples have nonuniform quality, it is difficult to determine the parameters that affect the performance of DSSCs. Hence, our experiments started with investigation on DSSCs fabricated with nanoparticulate ZnO. We have tested different electrolytes, dyes, the processing, and heating temperature of ZnO pastes. The best efficiency was observed in ZnO DSSCs prepared with N719 dye and 1376 electrolyte. Finally, to increase the surface area for light absorption, DSSCs with ZnO nanoparticles and nanorods hybrids were fabricated. They show enhanced light conversion efficiencies.
摘要 本論文主要研究以藍寶石為基板的氧化鋅奈米柱與氧化鋅薄膜一體成型之染料敏化電池。由於藍寶石與成長之氧化鋅薄膜的導電度不佳,輔以銀膠幫助電子的傳導,但也因此有“暗電流”的產生。 由於,氧化鋅薄膜與奈米柱樣品的長成技術未成熟,樣品的品質參差不齊,無法比較其操縱變因對電池的影響,故以研磨法製作氧化鋅奈米顆粒替代氧化鋅奈米柱的染料敏化電池,以利研究的進行。 氧化鋅奈米顆粒之染敏電池,主要的研究有paste製程不同(氧化鋅薄膜的多孔性)、鍛燒溫度不同(氧化鋅的晶相)、染料不同、電解液不同(電池之開路電壓)之效率影響比較。實驗結果發現,以N719染料與1376電解液製作的氧化鋅染料敏化電池效能最佳。 最後,為增加其氧化鋅吸收染料的表面積,在其表面沉積氧化鋅奈米顆粒,使其電池效能大幅增加。其實驗結果發現,短路電流最多可提升十三倍,整體電池效率也可大幅提升。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17073
其他識別: U0005-0408200816344200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0408200816344200
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