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A Comparative Research on Confidence-Building Measures of OSCE and ASEAN
Abstract This paper is defined as a comparative research on CBMs of OSCE and ASEAN, trying to carry out structural comparison of CBMs development of the two above actors with relative document and objective background. Therefore, this paper adopts Marie-France Desjardins's CBMs viewpoint as the research approach, individually focusing on differences of “European experience” and “ASEAN way” in three stages including negotiation, convention-signing and implementation, and discusses difficulties ASEAN faces with while promoting CBMs in Asia/Pacific region, to launch the basis for further analysis. Through research, three facts have been discovered: (1) CBMs is considered to be the common target of decreasing conflict and promoting regional security cooperation; (2) “European experience” and “ASEAN way” can be recognized to two different development models due to their nature, process and system; (3) differences in three stages limit ASEAN's promotion of CBMs in Asia/Pacific region, and delay progress of regional security cooperation. Finally, this paper holds that ASEAN has actually elaborated “Confidence-Building Measures” and lowered regional tension under non-military cooperation although ASEAN is unable to promote military CBMs successfully. Nevertheless, to strengthen predictability and structural relations between states, transition from non-military CBMs to military CBMs is the future goal for ASEAN's promotion of CBMs in Asia/Pacific region.
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