Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17517
標題: 美國布希政府亞太軍力部署調整對區域安全的影響(2001-2006)
The Influence of the Bush Administration's Forces Realignment on Asia-Pacific Security(2001-2006)
作者: 王傑群
Wang, Jie-Chium
關鍵字: 美國亞太軍事戰略
U.S. Asia-Pacific Military Strategy
全球軍力部署調整
美日安保
區域安全
Global Forces Realignment
Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan
Regional Security
出版社: 國際政治研究所
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Banlaoi著。黃文啟譯。民國95年。〈東南亞海上恐怖主義〉(Maritime Terrorism in Southeast Asia)。《國防譯粹》,33卷3期,頁4-23。 (3)網路資源 BBC中文網。〈森喜朗出面平息“沖繩爭端〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1150000/newsid_1156400/1156460.stm ________ 〈中國抗議美國《國家安全戰略報告》〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_4820000/newsid_4828300/4828306.stm ________ 〈巴厘爆炸“出自專家之手”〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_2380000/newsid_2385000/2385005.stm ________ 〈日本首批自衛隊前往伊拉克〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3340000/newsid_3348900/3348905.stm ________ 〈日防衛長官要美國交出嫌犯〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1420000/newsid_1423300/1423381.stm ________ 〈北京對美發表中國軍力報告強烈不滿〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_5010000/newsid_5015400/5015442.stm ________ 〈台灣反對黨立委再度封殺軍購案〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_4570000/newsid_4576000/4576011.stm ________ 〈台灣國防部長結束訪美行程〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1870000/newsid_1870300/1870374.stm ________ 〈沖繩要求縮小美軍基地規模〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3270000/newsid_3275200/3275239.stm ________ 〈沖繩議會要求美國減少駐兵〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1120000/newsid_1125700/1125773.stm ________ 〈美軍20年來首次參與台演習〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_2620000/newsid_2621900/2621997.stm ________ 〈強奸事件觸發美日外交風波〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1420000/newsid_1422200/1422294.stm ________ 〈朝鮮半島:歷史性的握手〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/chinese/news/newsid_788000/7885312.stm ________ 〈華盛頓與台美軍售〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_4110000/newsid_4119700/4119780.stm ________ 〈菲一渡輪失火一百多人失蹤〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3490000/newsid_3491500/3491522.stm ________ 〈雅加達酒店爆炸14死百於傷〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3120000/newsid_3125000/3125053.stm ________ 〈雅加達澳洲使館爆炸9人死亡〉。http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3640000/newsid_3640000/3640042.stm ________ 〈盧武鉉警告美國甭在朝鮮核武搞強硬〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_4640000/newsid_4646000/4646088.stm ________ 〈韓車禍第二名美軍人獲釋〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_2500000/newsid_2503900/2503975.stm ________ 〈韓國重新考慮美國駐軍地位〉。 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_2530000/newsid_2539500/2539585.stm 人民網。http://www.people.com.cn/ 大紀元網。〈台漢光兵推 美軍參與規模空前〉。http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/4/6/20/n573612.htm ________ 〈台灣國防部不證實不否認美軍參與漢光演習〉。http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/3/1/2/n261836.htm ________ 〈李文忠:漢光兵棋推演 美軍官團近乎參與〉。http://www.epochtimes.com.tw/bt/5/4/19/n893833.htm 中時電子報。http://news.chinatimes.com/ 中國外交部。http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/chn/ 中國社會科學院。http://www.cass.net.cn/ 中國軍網。http://www.chinamil.com.cn/ 中國國家統計局。〈中華人民共和國2005年國民經濟和社會發展統計公報〉。http://210.72.32.6/cgi-bin/bigate.cgi/b/g/g/http@210.72.32.26/tjgb/ndtjgb/qgndtjgb/t20060227_402307796.htm 中華人民共和國外交部。http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/chn/index.html 中華民國外交部。〈中華民國(台灣)對中國制訂「反分裂國家法」之立場〉。 http://www.mac.gov.tw/big5/mlpolicy/mofa9403.htm 中華歐亞基金會。http://www.fics.org.tw/issues/EuropeAmericaStudies/issueDetail.php?issue_id=35 日本外務省。http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/index.html 日本防衛廳、自衛隊。 http://www.jda.go.jp/ 日本防衛廳。〈平成17年版日本防衛白書〉。http://jda-clearing.jda.go.jp/hakusho_data/2005/w2005_00.html 日本首相官邸。http://www.kantei.go.jp 台灣日本綜合研究所。http://www.japanresearch.org.tw/index.asp 多維新聞。〈印峇里島爆炸案死亡人數至少三十二人〉。 http://www5.chinesenewsnet.com/MainNews/Topics/cna_2005_10_01_17_00_15_264.html 朱峰。〈分析:美國對台軍售政策究竟出現了什麽變化〉。 http://gptaiwan.org.tw/~cylin/China/2001/2001_4_28_3.htm 自由電子報。http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/ 行政院大陸委員會。〈行政院大陸委員會新聞稿〉。http://www.mac.gov.tw/big5/cnews/cnews940314.htm 沖縄県。〈米軍提供施設・区域の概要〉。http://www3.pref.okinawa.jp/site/view/contview.jsp?cateid=14&id=1034&page=1 香港文匯報。http://www.wenweipo.com/news.phtml?news_id=IN0411090041&cat=000IN 財團法人台灣亞洲基金會。http://www.afit.org.tw/front/index.jsp 財團法人海峽交流基金會。http://www.sef.org.tw/ 國家政策研究金機會。http://www.npf.org.tw/ 朝鮮日報。〈分析:駐韓美軍介入與中國的紛爭還需得到韓國同意〉。http://chinese.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2006/01/20/20060120000027.html 華爾街日報中文網路版。2006年。〈中國2006年軍費開支將增加15%〉。 http://chinese.wsj.com/big5/20060306/bch100346.asp 馮靜。〈倫斯斐:中國軍事發展缺乏透明度〉。http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/5/10/21/n1093178.htm 新浪網。〈中國政府發表2004年中國的國防白皮書〉。http://jczs.sina.com.cn/2004-12-27/1036254030.html 新華網。〈受權發佈:《反分裂國家法》全文〉。 http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2005-03/14/content_2694168.htm ________ 〈美防務報告中國最具有與美國進行軍事競爭潛力〉。http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/world/2006-02/07/content_4146418.htm 新華網-全球新聞網。http://www.xinhuanet.com/ 解放軍報。http://www.pladaily.com.cn/ 福建省郵電學校。〈日民意調查結果顯示大部分沖繩人要求美軍機場遷走〉。http://www.fjttc.fj.cn.net/new/bnews/NewsView.asp?Url=jczs/2004-09-15/1720227464.html 遠景基金會。http://www.future-china.org.tw/index_o.html 蕃薯藤財經股市研究報告,〈【月報】06年中國持續宏觀調控確保經濟平穩增長〉。http://stock.yam.com/rsh/article.php/362770 聯合新聞網。http://udn.com/NEWS/main.html (4)其他 林克倫。民國95年。〈大陸外匯存底第一 學者憂心失衡〉。《中國時報》。民國95年3月29日,版A13。 黃菁菁。民國95年。〈駐日美軍重編報告定案〉。《中國時報》,民國95年5月2日,版A13。 彭濟群。民國94年。〈美將中共威脅與恐怖主義並列〉。《青年日報》,94年6月7日,版2。 彭濟群。民國94年。〈強化憂患意識 落實全民國防教育〉。《青年日報》,民國94年6月6日,版2。 劉屏。民國94年。〈東亞助卿:未來25 年中國是美最大挑戰〉。《中國時報》。94年6月9日,版A11。 盧國學。2004年。〈美國戰略調整 中國如何因應〉。《參考消息》,2004年7月1日。 2. 西文部分 (1)Books Bert, Wayne. 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摘要: 21世紀亞太地區經貿快速發展,成為美國國家利益的重要地區,在區域情勢未見顯著改變的情況下,美國布希政府(George W. Bush)大規模的改變自二戰後的海外軍事部署,大幅度的增強亞太地區軍力配置,此舉勢將對區域的安全形式造成重大的影響,檢驗其動機、目的究竟為何成為本研究的主要動機。本研究採用現實主義的途徑,以歷史分析法、文獻分析法檢視美國官方文件與相關的研究資料回溯美國布希政府自2001年就任迄2006年間的亞太軍事戰略變化過程,探討與冷戰期間的亞太軍力部署的差異為何,並對區域安全造成了哪些影響。 影響布希政府轉變亞太地區的海外軍事部署區為分外在的國際環境與內在的國內環境因素,外在的國際環境考量因素主要為調整與南韓、日本的同盟關係,藉由同步提昇日韓的軍事能力,以配合美國軍事力量的增強,達成圍堵中國崛起的目的;內部因素則以新保守主義意識型態,配合反恐任務優先的國家軍事戰略目標,以達成先發制人的軍事作戰目的。軍事部署調整的原則著眼於彈性、機動、致命性,將冷戰時期基於威脅的軍事部署原則轉變基於能力的態勢,務求以最小的資源獲致最大的戰力。 研究發現美國布希政府藉由全球軍力部署重整計畫大幅度的增強亞太地區的軍事部署,強化美日安保同盟關係,增大駐韓美軍運用彈性,加強關島海空打擊能力,並鞏固關鍵地區的戰時准入權,其目的則為嚇阻對美國霸權地位的挑戰,並為可能發生的軍事衝突預作準備。對區域安全的影響為增強對中國的防範戰略,提昇美日同盟關係層次,並對區域衝突熱點加強掌控能力,以維持區域安全與秩序,確保美國國家利益。由於美國亞太軍力部署調整僅在初期階段,爾後勢必持續受內外部環境交錯影響而產生變化,深值吾人持續關注與研究。
The Asia-Pacific region rapid economic development has become important areas of U.S. national interests in the 21st century. At the regional situation has not significantly changed, the U.S. Bush administration (George W. Bush) massive changes overseas military deployment since the end of World War II, significantly enhancing the strength of the Asia-Pacific region. This will form the regional security implications, testing their motivation, the purpose why it has become the main motive for this study. The study used realistic approach, using historical analysis and documentation analysis ways to examine U.S. official documents and relevant research data back from the U.S. Bush administration took office in 2001 - 2006 as of the Asia-Pacific military strategy processes, and to explore differences during the cold war military deployment in Asia-Pacific, and regional security posed by affected. Affecting the Bush administration's change overseas military deployment in Asia-Pacific distinguished international and internal environment factors, the main external international environment factors for consideration and adjustment South Korea, Japan alliance, through simultaneous upgraded Japan''s military capacity to meet the increase of U.S. military forces, the purposes contained rise of China; internal factors are neo-conservatives ideology with the national military anti-terrorism task priority strategic objectives for the achievement of pre-emptive military operations. Focusing on the principle of adjusting military deployment flexibility, mobility, lethal, a central objective was to shift the basis of defense planning from a "threat-based" model that has dominated thinking in the past to a "capabilities-based" model for the future, with a minimum of resources to reach the greatest combat capability. The study found that the Bush administration through its global military deployment plan substantially increased military deployment in the Asia-Pacific region, strengthened the U.S.-Japan security alliance, increased USFK application flexibility, strengthened Guam naval air combat capability, and the consolidation of key areas access in wartime, the aim was to deter challenges to U.S. hegemony and the possibility of military conflict to prepare for. The impact on regional security enhanced hedge strategies to China, enhanced U.S.-Japan alliance level, and strengthening regional conflict-control capability in order to maintain regional security and order, to ensure the national interests of the United States. The U.S. Asia-Pacific military deployment realignment only in the initial stages and then continued to be staggered impact of the external and internal environment changed; it deserved of deep concern and continued research.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17517
其他識別: U0005-2208200614255200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208200614255200
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