Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17536
標題: 中美在南海議題中的權力互動之研究
The Study of Power Interplay between China and the United States: Focusing on the South China Sea Issues
作者: 盧盈禎
Lu, Yin-Chen
關鍵字: China-US relation
中美關係
the South China Sea dispute
power theory
南海爭端
權力理論
個體經濟學
出版社: 國際政治研究所
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摘要: 摘要 南海由於地緣位置和歷史背景的特殊,使其成為近年來區域主權爭議最激烈的海域。南海水域的主權歸屬,足以左右各利益相關國在亞太地區的競爭力消長,衍生具有重塑區域政治、外交、經濟、航運、國防結構的潛在價值。國際海洋法的功能性不足,特別是2009年大陸礁層劃界期限之規定,造成新一波的海域劃界競賽;再度被點燃的南海爭端,加上其背後潛藏的龐大海權利益,已在亞太地區引發一連串的後續效應,最明顯的就是區域霸權中國與境外勢力美國各自在南海情勢紛亂的當下,利用機會試圖由內或是由外打破本來的南海政治框架。 有鑑於大國政治的權力本質,本文嘗試從國際關係理論的權力概念出發,結合應用個體經濟學的邏輯做為分析工具來解讀南海局勢中美各自中追求國家權力(利益)極大化的國家行為,進一步探討南海議題所延伸的中美區域戰略競合。研究發現各具優勢的中美在南海地區均難以立即構成壓倒性的主導能力,因而形成拉鋸僵局;而這雙方同時缺乏南海絕對優勢的權力狀態,讓中美兩國從兢爭轉向和解交流,進而為區域帶來另一種新的穩定平衡。從經濟理論的分析角度,本文亦發現長效型共同利益的建構(例如具更強法律效力的南海行為準則),不僅能夠幫助強國分歧的互補與整合,更有利於區域穩定的長遠維持。
With the sensitive role of geography and long-held political background, there are growing numerous and continuous competitions among coastal states which have territorial and maritime boundary claims to the South China Sea. The arcane exigencies from UNCLOS, in particular the pursuance about coastal states were to make their continental shelf submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf by 2009, intensifies more conflicts of overlapping maritime jurisdiction. As the opening up interest for the political opportunism, regional security, trade routes control, and related marine resources in the South China Sea, these intractable disputes can do more than just result the opportunity to reload the regional powerhood: they has pushed the two central powers in Asia Pacific─China and the US to keep pace with the huge surge in power demand. The South China Sea has yet again showed no sign of letting up. With various concerns of power, this thesis adds microeconomic perspectives as a causal thinking to explore and analyze changes in the power relationship between China and the US when dealing with the South China Sea issues. This thesis asserts that in the current South China Sea situation, there is an impasse of competition because in any event, neither China nor the US can take the dominate role right away. As coming with the new regional stability, the plight soon makes China and the US proceed on the prospects for cooperating with one another. Beyond the either/or conflict, this thesis also concludes that the sustainable construction of common interest, such as a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea, can be a realistically useful means to underpin the long-term cooperation between major powers in the region.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17536
其他識別: U0005-2408201108101700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2408201108101700
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