請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17625
標題: 國際氣候合作建制形成之研究──以《京都議定書》為例
The Regime Formation of International Climate Cooperation: The Case of Kyoto Protocol
作者: 林宜蒓
Lin, Yi-Chun
關鍵字: International Regimes
國際建制
Kyoto Protocol
UNFCCC
Global Warming and Climate Change
京都議定書
聯合國氣候變化綱要公約
全球暖化與氣候變遷
出版社: 國際政治研究所
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摘要: 本文主旨為探討《京都議定書》國際氣候合作建制之形成。任何國際建制都不可能憑空產生,建制形成的背後必定經過行為者一連串的角力。全球暖化與氣候變遷議題並非單純的環境保護問題,其中尚涉及不同國家的工業發展與經濟結構之考量。因此,本文以Oran R. Young在Creating Regimes: Arctic Accords and International Governance一書中,針對國際建制形成所提出的一套分析架構作為主要研究途徑,將建制形成的過程分為議題形塑、談判、運作等三個階段,並分別以驅動力、行為者、集體行動問題、情境、策略、階段目標等六項變數,評析主導各個階段發展的關鍵因素。研究發現,驅動力係促成氣候議題獲得國際社會關注的重要力量;驅動力與情境是左右氣候談判發展的主要變數;集體行動問題則為攸關運作階段成敗的關鍵。最後,本文肯定非國家行為者在《京都議定書》建制成形過程中的影響力,惟此並不代表國家角色之重要性已然消退,國家作為仍是京都建制得以成形的重要關鍵。
This thesis is the study of the regime formation of international climate cooperation in Kyoto Protocol. The formation of each international regime would not come into existence without the struggle of actors. The issues of global warming and climate change are not simply about environmental protection. Industrial development and economic structures of each country are greatly involved in the same time. The thesis research approach is mainly from Creating Regimes: Arctic Accords and International Governance by Oran R. Young, providing analytical framework aimed at the formation of international regime, distributing the formation process into three stages: agenda formation, negotiation, and operationalization. It analyzes key factors which highly influence each stage of development by six research variables: driving forces, players, collective-action problems, context, tactics, and design perspectives. Research shows that driving forces are significant factors to draw international attentions to climate issues. Driving forces and context are major variables to impact the negotiating development. Meanwhile, collective-action is key to successful processing stage. In conclusion, this thesis affirms the impact of non-state actors during the climate regime formation. However, it does not indicate that the state's roles are diminishing. The state's action is still essential key to the formation of Kyoto Protocol.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17625
其他識別: U0005-1207200710553100
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1207200710553100
顯示於類別:國際政治研究所

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