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標題: 在行動隨意網路上對於主動式、被動式與叢集式繞路協定的效能比較
Performance Comparison of Table-Driven、On-Demand and Cluster Based Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
作者: 雷啟元
Lei, Chii-Yuan
關鍵字: 行動隨意網路
Ad hoc networks
出版社: 資訊網路多媒體研究所
引用: [1] R. Ahuja, “Simulation based Performance Evaluation and Comparison of Reactive, Proactive and Hybrid Routing Protocols based on Random Waypoint Mobility Model”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 7– No.11, October, 2010. [2] J. Broth, D. A. Maltz, D. B. Johnson, Y.-C. Hu, and J. Jetcheva. “A Performance Comparison of Multi-Hop Wireless Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocols”, In Proceedings of the Fourth Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (Mobieom''98), 1998. [3] T. D. Dyer, R.V. Boppana. “A comparison of TCP performance over three routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks”, Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking & Computing (MobiHoc), October 2001. [4] S. K. Gupta, R. K. Saket,” Performance Metric Comparison of AODV and DSDV Routing Protocols In MANET Using NS-2“, IJRRAS, June 2011 [5] Z. Haas and M. Perlman. “The Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP) for ad hoc networks”, Internet draft, Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) Working Group, IETF (1998). [6] D. B. Johnson, and D.A. Maltz. “Dynamic Source Routing in Ad Hoc Networks”, In Mobile Computing, Chapter 5, Pages 153-181, 1996. [7] M. N. I. Khan, R. AHMED, “Simulation Based Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocols and TCP Variants in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”,, 2010. [8] S. Mittal, and P. Kaur. “Performance comparison of AODV, DSR and ZRP routing protocols in MANET’s”, Proceeding of the 2009 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Control and Telecommunication Technologies, 2009. [9] C. E. Perkins and P. Bhagwat. “ Highly Dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector Routing (DSDV) for Mobile Computers”, In Proceedings of the SIGCOMM ’94 Conference on Communications Architectures, Protocols and Applications, pages 234–244, August 1994. [10] C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer. “ Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing”, In Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, New Orleans, LA, February 1999. [11] C. E. Perkins, E. M. Royer, S. R. Das, and M. K. Marina. “Performance Comparison of Two On-demand Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks”, IEEE Personal Communications, Feb 2001. [12] N. S. Yadav, R.P.Yadav, “Performance Comparison and Analysis of Table-Driven and On-Demand Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks”, International Journal of Information Technology Volume 4 Number 2, 2007. [13] 杜建智, "利用動態群聚建立方式以電量消耗的繞送演算法", 中興大學資訊科學與工程學系碩士學位論文, 2006. [14] The Network Simulator – ns2. [15] Marc Geris, NS Tutorial, available at:
摘要: 近年來隨著行動式手提設備越來越普及,技術越來越進步,利用無線區域網路進行網路連線已經與我們的生活有著密不可分的關係。行動隨意網路(Mobile Ad-Hoc Network,MANET)是屬於一種特殊型態的無線區域網路,它的特色是網路中並沒有所謂的基礎建設 (如: 基地台),節點之間直接在其傳輸距離內進行溝通。然而節點的傳輸距離有限,若要與傳輸距離之外的節點溝通,則必須利用其他的節點來幫忙傳遞訊息,所以如何選擇一條適當的路徑來進行溝通成為了行動隨意網路中最重要的課題。 目前已有許多的路由協定被提出來,其中大致分為三大類別: Table-Driven、On-Demand以及Hybrid。本篇論文就從中選出最具代表性的DSDV、DSR、AODV、ZRP以及由杜建志學長所提出的UDPOC,進行效能的分析與比較,並且歸納出在不同的網路環境之下,不同的routing protocol的效能表現。
Mobile ad hoc networks is a special type of wireless networks; It is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a temporary network without using any existing network infrastructure. The communication between mobile nodes is direct transmission. However, due to the limit of transmission range, multiple hops may be needed for one node to transmit data with a node out of its transmission range. For this reason, how to select a good path to transmit data is the most important issue in mobile ad hoc networks. Many routing protocols have been proposed in recent years and can be classified into three categories, proactive, reactive and hybrid. In this paper, we compared the performance of the three kinds of routing protocol. We select DSDV as the proactive category, DSR and AODV as the reactive category, ZRP and UDPOC as the hybrid category. We used the ns-2 simulator for the experiments. As can be seen from the simulation results, UDPOC performed well in most scenarios. DSR is good at small and static environment, but if the nodes move fast, the performance of DSR is decreased drastically. For UDP flows, the performance of reactive protocols is better than proactive protocols, but for TCP flows, the performance of proactive protocols is better than reactive protocols.
其他識別: U0005-1508201103063800
Appears in Collections:資訊網路與多媒體研究所



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