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標題: Exploring the relationship among strategic internal fit, strategic external fit, and performance based on Taiwan's semiconductor industry
策略內部配適、策略外部配適與績效之關係探討 - 以台灣半導體產業為例
作者: 陳湘芸
Chen, Hsiang -Yun
關鍵字: external fit
internal fit
strategic fit
出版社: 企業管理學系所
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摘要: The critical factor to identify the sources and determinants of profitability differences among firms is always the main point in strategic and organization management field. From the viewpoint of outside-in, Industrial Organization (IO) considers industry structure as one of the major factors of profitability. Following Industrial Organization (IO) tradition, Porter considers that strategy selections are the reaction after understanding the industry structure. Besides, Resource-Based View (RBV) takes the viewpoint of inside-out and considers that owning and controlling the firm-specific assets is the important thing to get good performance. Thus, this study integrates these two viewpoints and considers that if firms want to get better performance, they should have the ability called internal fit and external fit to reply to the inside and outside requests of organization efficiently. The study's database contains Taiwan's semiconductor industry 112 companys, for the period 1996-2006.We use the database to examines the relationship among strategic internal fit, external fit and integrated fit. The result shows that when firms attend internal fit, external fit and integrated fit, they would get better performance. In other words, when the firms have mutual fitting among industry environment, strategy and resource, their performance would be apparently better than the firms that are under fitting. Therefore, this study finds that when firms seek internal fit and external fit simultaneously, the interaction of strategic internal fit and strategic external fit would decrease the firm performance. Regarding this result, this study would address some suggestions for future research and implications for business use.
企業間獲利差異的決定因素一直是策略與組織管理領域所關注的焦點。產業組織學派(Industrial Organization, IO)採「由外而內」(outside-in)的觀點,認為產業結構是企業獲利的主因之一。而Porter(1991)承襲IO學派,進一步認為策略選擇是對產業結構了解後的一種回應。另一方面,而資源基礎觀點(Resource-Based View, RBV)則採「由內而外」(inside-out)的觀點,認為企業所擁有及控制的獨特資產才是績效的主要來源。本研究則整合此兩種觀點,認為企業必須要能有效回應其組織內外部的要求,亦即策略內部配適及外部配適,企業才將會有較佳的績效表現。 本研究以台灣上市半導體產業112家公司從1996至2006年共11年份的經緯資料(Panel Data)來探討策略內部配適、外部配適與整體配適對於績效是否存在正向影響。實證結果指出,當企業越能夠達到內部配適、外部配適或整體配適時績效越好。也就是說,當企業在產業環境、策略與資源相互配適時,其績效將會顯著優於其他較不配適之企業。除此,本研究發現當企業分別追求內、外部配適時,策略外部配適與策略內部配適之干擾將對績效產生抵消之關係,針對此結果,本研究提出些許建議供後續研究與實務界參考。
其他識別: U0005-0607200822130400
Appears in Collections:企業管理學系所



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