Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/20914
標題: An Empirical Study on the Determinants of Organizational Learning Capability and New Product Development in the Business Group Member Firms-A Tie Perspective
集團企業成員組織學習能力與新產品開發影響因素之實證研究-套繫的觀點
作者: Liang, Chi-Hsun
梁紀紃
關鍵字: Dual Embeddedness
雙重鑲嵌
Bridging Ties
Strong Ties
Organizational Learining Capability
New Product Development
橋接套繫
強套繫
組織學習能力
新產品開發
出版社: 企業管理學系所
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摘要: 本文旨在探討集團企業成員在集團內部與外部的關係網絡對於其組織學習能力與創新績效之影響。集團企業之形成並非一蹴可幾,維持集團企業龐大且複雜之網絡運作亦充滿著挑戰性,唯有透過集團企業成員不斷地保持組織學習能力與創新,方能延續集團成長與經營。因此,集團企業必須審慎思考該如何妥善管理集團內部與外部關係網絡,並從「組織學習」之角度吸收與整合創新所需的知識與資源,將更能有效提高「新產品開發績效」。 本文之概念為集團企業成員「雙重鑲嵌」於集團內部的集團網絡與集團外部的產業網絡,並在此兩種網絡不同的系絡背景之下,各有著不同的網絡位置與連結關係。依據社會資本理論與鑲嵌理論,可將網絡成員之間的連結關係區分為「橋接套繫」以及「強套繫」兩者,此兩種套繫型式之差異將對於組織學習能力中的兩項因子,即「知識吸收能力」與「知識整合能力」產生不同的影響內涵與程度。而透過集團與產業網絡中關係套繫之運作將能夠蓄積集團成員組織學習能力,並進而吸收各種關於「新產品開發」的相關知識與資訊,以有效的加以整合與運用。 本文以台灣集團企業成員為研究主軸,樣本資料選自於中華徵信所出版之「2008年台灣地區大型企業研究」,並透過問卷發放的方式進行調查。總計回收了台灣65家集團企業中132家企業成員作為研究樣本,並進行資料分析與實證研究。 實證結果發現:(1)集團企業成員在集團及產業網絡中的橋接套繫對於知識吸收能力影響顯著;集團企業成員在集團及產業網絡中的強接套繫對於知識吸收能力影響亦為顯著(2)集團企業成員在集團網絡中的強套繫對於知識整合能力影響顯著,產業網絡中的強套繫對於知識整合能力影響則是不顯著;集團企業成員在集團及產業網絡中的橋接接套繫對於知識吸收能力影響不為顯著(3)集團成員的組織學習能力對新產品開發績效影響顯著。本文最後就研究理論與實務意涵加以討論並提出建議。
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of internal and external relationship networks in the business group member firms on the organizational learining and new product development. It is a challenge for the business group to maintain grows up and it's complex operation. For the sake of growing up it is important and necessary for business group member firm to improve its organizational learning and new product development. Hence, business group have to think carefully how to management the internal and external relationship networks. To do this the business group could enhance new product development performance by accumulating organiziton learning capability from the networks. The main concept of this study is the business group member firms dual embeddeded between business group network and industry network. According to the social capital theory and the embeddedness theory, the relationship types between network actors can distinguish into bridging ties and strong ties. However, these two types of relationship ties will have different effective on the organizational learning capability (composed with knowledge Absorptivity and knowledge integration). The business group member firms could accumulate organiziton learning capability by these two relationship types between network actors, also absort and integrate knowledge for the new product development. This research targets the business group member firms of the top 100 Taiwanese business group as the respondents to conduct the empirical survey. Results from the 132-observation survey of 65 business group indicate the following evidences. First, the bridging ties between business group network actors are positively related to knowledge absorptive Capability. Second, the strong ties between business group network actors are positively related to knowledge integration Capability, but the strong ties between industry network actors are not related to knowledge integration Capability. Last, the organizational learning capabilities are positively related to new product development performance.This study also provides some discussions, suggestions, and managerial implications for the future academic and practical efforts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/20914
其他識別: U0005-2907200910351700
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