Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21812
標題: 利用轉基因植物生產活性胜肽及醫藥工業用酵素之研究
Production of bioactive peptides and a pharmaceutical enzyme in transgenic plant
作者: 鄭麗珠
Cheng, Li-Chu
關鍵字: Gy1
活性胜肽N醯化胺基酸消旋酶
Gy5
VVYP
NAAAR
L-HPA
出版社: 分子生物學研究所
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摘要: Hyperlipidemia can cause the heart disease and the brain stroke. Effective suppression of the amount of cholesterol in blood will help to reduce their potential risks. The bioactive peptides─Val-Val-Tyr-Pro (VVYP) is one of the well known effective materials to suppress the triglyceride absorption of intestinal tract, and to reduce the blood cholesterol. In this study, we engineered transgenic soybean plants to carry bioactive peptides VVYP. The strategy included the construction of soybean storage protein Glycinin Gy5 and Gy1 genes containing VVYP and using intestine protease to release the bioactive peptides when ingested. The constructs of Gy5 containing 5 copies of VVYP or 10 copies of VVYP were complete. In principle, the soybean may contain the fixed amount of storage protein in seeds. In order to increase the engineered VVYP-containing recombinant proteins in transgenic soybeans, using RNA interference approach to suppress the expression of endogenous soybean storage protein can be effective. The RNAi vectors had been constructed and agrobacterium-mediated transformation is ongoing. In addition, this study also prepares antibodies against Gy5 and Gy1 proteins respectively. The western hybridization results revealed that Gy5 and Gy1 antibodies can differentially recognize acidic and basic chains of different groups of glycinin, providing an useful tool to identify the engineered proteins in transgenic soybeans. Comparing to current microbial and mammalian cell culture systems, plants have many advantages as bioreactors for the production of pharmaceuticals, antibodies and vaccines, such as the less cost of production and no risk of contamination by animal pathogens. The L-homophenylalanine (L-HPA) is a chiral and unnatural amino acid. It was used in the synthesis of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and many pharmaceuticals. In this study, we engineered transgenic rice plants to produce the pharmaceutical enzyme N-acylamino acid racemase (NAAAR) in seeds. Seven homozygous transgenic rice plants (three 705-NAAAR, two 35S-NAAAR, and two Act-NAAAR) were obtained and confirmed by using hygromycin selection, PCR analysis, Southern blot and western blot analysis. NAAAR combining with L-aminoacylase (LAA) can convert N-acetyl-D-homophenylalanine to L-HPA. The activity assay were performed with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a chirobiotic T column. The optimal separation condition of NAc-D-HPA and NAc-L-HPA was methanol/ 0.01 M ammonium acetate=70/30 as mobile phase at a flow-rate of 0.5 mL/min. The reaction time and temperature optima of the NAAAR were 2 hrs and 50℃, respectively. This study confirmed that the rice-based-production of NAAAR combining with LAA can be used for the production of L-HPA.
高血脂症會增加高血壓病人發生心臟病及腦中風的機率,因此有效抑制血脂的升高,為一大重要課題。活性胜肽Val-Val-Tyr-Pro (VVYP),可抑制腸道吸收三酸甘油脂的主要因子,可經由降低三酸甘油脂濃度達到降血脂的作用。本研究利用基因工程改造大豆貯藏性蛋白Glycinin Gy5與Gy1基因,使之帶有降血脂機能性活性胜肽VVYP之胺基酸序列,即可因食用此具功能性的大豆,藉由腸胃道內酵素分解利用後,達到抑制血脂濃度的目的,因而可開發大豆成為大量生產此活性胜肽之生物工廠。首先選殖Gy5與Gy1作為攜載體,並進一步完成Gy5帶有五套與十套VVYP活性胜肽之載體構築。另外為了要提高外來基因Gy5-VVYP/Gy1-VVYP表現量,嘗試抑制原有的貯藏性蛋白質之表現,因此針對Glycinin group I 之Gy2/Gy3基因,進行靜默化處理。目前已完成RNAi載體構築,正進行基因轉殖。本研究進行Gy5與Gy1抗體的製備。利用西方轉漬法分析發現,Gy5抗體除了對本身具有良好辨識能力,但對Gy1辨識能力較差。經由不同品種大豆進行西方轉漬法分析結果可知,Gy5抗體與Gy1抗體對於Glycinin group I及group II之貯藏蛋白質具有不同的辨識能力,可供未來轉殖植株偵測之用。 利用植物生產醫藥用藥物、抗體與疫苗具有相當多的優點。相較於微生物與細胞培養系統之一般常用的技術,植物具有較低成本與危險性之優勢。本研究的目的在於利用轉殖水稻生產醫藥工業用酵素N-acylamino acid racemase, (NAAAR),其功能為可將N-acety-D-homopheylalanine (NAc-D-HPA)轉換成N-acety-L-homopheylalanine (NAc-L-HPA),進一步搭配L-aminoacylase (LAA),可以生成高血壓抑制物ACEI之重要前驅物L-HPA。本研究利用水稻胚特有基因啟動子Ose705、持續表現型CaMV35S啟動子及水稻肌動蛋白啟動子(actin)啟動NAAAR基因之表現。以抗生素篩選、PCR與西方轉漬法分析後,獲得三株705-NAAAR、兩個35S-NAAAR以及兩個Act-NAAAR轉殖株之同質品系。經由Ninhydrin呈色法初步鑑定其活性,結果顯示由水稻萃取之NAAAR具有將NAc-D-HPA轉換成NAc-L-HPA之能力。並進一步以高效能液相層析儀(HPLC)搭配Chirobiotic T 管柱,證明於移動相methanol/ 0.01 M ammonium acetate=70/30,流速= 0.5 mL/min,可將NAc-D-HPA轉換成NAc-L-HPA。轉殖水稻所生產之NAAAR其最適反應時間為2小時、最適反應溫度為50℃。綜合以上結果,可證實來自Deinococcus radiodurans BCRC12827菌株之NAAAR可於水稻中表現,因此利用轉殖水稻作為生物反應器,可以生產醫藥工業用酵素NAAAR。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21812
其他識別: U0005-0608200717020200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0608200717020200
Appears in Collections:分子生物學研究所

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