Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22124
標題: 貪腐成因之政經分析-跨國實證研究
Political Economy of Corruption:A Cross-National Study
作者: 劉佳昀
Liu, Chia-Yun
關鍵字: Corruption
貪腐
Clean government
Good governance
廉政
良善治理
出版社: 國家政策與公共事務研究所
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摘要: 「權力使人腐化,絕對的權力使人絕對的腐化」,貪腐的問題由來已久。由於「資源有限,慾望無窮」的想法,為了滿足自身利益,使得人們會以其他不當得利的方式來尋求更多的報酬,因此也隨即產生貪腐的問題。貪腐的現象及程度深不可測,貪腐的形式也層出不窮且包羅萬象,因此為了瞭解貪腐的問題在各國蔓延的程度以及貪腐的形式,國際組織也紛紛建立起測量貪腐行為的準則或指標。而各國也積極建立有關防制貪腐的機構以及打擊貪腐行為的法律或制度以消弭貪腐行為的擴散,以期建立一個良善的社會。 本研究嘗試歸納出造成各國貪腐的主要原因,並援引各國際組織之相關數值資料進行分析及模型的驗證。本研究針對93國2002至2008年之貪腐成因之驗證結果中發現:在經濟面向上,研究結果發現,經濟自由會對各國以及已開發國家及發展中國家造成正影響,而政府支出則會對各國以及已開發國家及發展中國家造成負影響;在政治面向上,政權體制及監管制度會對各國以及已開發國家及發展中國家造成負影響,而政府效能及法治能力會對各國以及已開發國家及發展中國家造成正影響。因此在未來有關貪腐行為的防制工作上,降低經濟行為上的管制、增進政府行政效率以及強化法治制度等皆是有效降低貪腐行為的不二法門。
“Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” The problem of corruption has been time-honored. Due to the thought of “the resource is limited and our desire is infinite,” people will benefit in other ways inappropriate to seek more pay and to satisfy their own interests. Therefore the issue of corruption then generated. The phenomenon and the extent of corruption is unpredictable, therefore international organizations establish criteria to understand and to measure the issues of the corruption in the world. Countries of the world also actively build up the corruption prevention agencies and laws in combating corrupt acts in order to decrease the proliferation of corruption, and to make a goodness of their society. In this study, we attempts to summarize the main reasons lead to the corruption, and to do model demonstration and analysis according to numerical data from international organizations. According to the analysis in 93 countries from 2002 to 2008, we conclude the cause of the corruption as follows: In the economical arena, the research found that economic freedom had positive impact to countries in the world, to developed countries and to developing countries. Government spending had negative impact to countries in the world, to developed countries and to developing countries. In the political arena, the research found that regime and regulatory had positive impact to countries in the world, to developed countries and to developing countries. Government effectiveness and rule of law had negative impact to countries in the world, to developed countries and to developing countries. As for the prevention works of corruption in the future, reduce regulations in economical acts, enhance administrative efficiency and strengthen the rule of laws are the only way to solve problems of corruption.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22124
其他識別: U0005-2308201012574200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2308201012574200
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