Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22561
標題: 蘭陽溪與七家灣溪流域生態系模式之比較分析
Comparison of trophic structure and functioning of Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream Catchments
作者: 鄭佾展
Cheng, I-Chan
關鍵字: Ecopath
Ecopath
food web
ecosystem model
ecosystem attributes
trophic efficiencies.
食物網
生態系模式
生態系特質
營養階層傳輸效率
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 本研究目的是整合蘭陽溪與七家灣溪流域生態調查資料,利用軟體Ecopath with Ecosim 5.1,根據生物間食性關係與個體能量收支平衡原理建構蘭陽溪流域之上、中、下游與河口以及武陵地區七家灣溪流域之桃山西溪、七家灣溪上游、下游、高山溪與有勝溪,共十一個河段之生態系食物網模式。 由食物網能量流圖與系統分析可發現,蘭陽溪主流測站生態系特質相似,食物網結構簡單,缺乏高階消費者,以初級消費者為主;至河口地區始有較複雜食物網結構,可支持較高階消費者。總系統通量支流高於主流,但最高值出現於河口地區。各測站總初級生產量/總呼吸量(total primary production/ total respiration, P/R)值均大於1.0,顯示出蘭陽溪為自營性系統。系統生產力主要來自初級生產者,但由於消費者少,多未被利用而流入碎屑庫,總系統通量中流出系統與流入碎屑庫所佔比例甚高。總生物量由上游向中游遞減,至下游蘭陽大橋後昇高。林氏錐分析(Lindeman spine analysis)顯示,蘭陽溪流域平均營養階層傳輸效率低,至多傳至三階消費者;蘭陽溪河口地區有較佳之傳輸效率,並有較長傳輸鏈。保護區七家灣溪與非保護區之蘭陽溪相比,總系統通量、淨系統生產力、淨系統初級生產力、總生物量較高,食物網結構較複雜,物質循環利用率及營養階層傳輸效率皆較高。利用PCA分析選取之生態性特質可發現,總初級生產量/總生物量(total primary production / total biomass, P/B)、相對餘裕度(relative ascendency, A/C)、P/R為七家灣溪與蘭陽溪生態性特質主要差異,蘭陽溪測站普遍有較高P/B、P/R與低A/C值;濁度與營養鹽為環境因子主要差異,而蘭陽溪有較高濁度與低營養鹽。 將兩地溪流生態系與國外溫帶溪流相比,蘭陽溪與七家灣溪生物量少,為代謝量低之生態系,有較高P/R值,但營養傳輸效率與物質循環利用效率低。從高生產力、低生物量及物質循環利用率,簡單化與植食食物鏈,高A/C值等特質來看,蘭陽溪與武陵地區兩地均具備發展初期系統之特徵。
The purposes of this study were to integrate field research data from two catchments of Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream by using Ecopath with Ecosim and to compare the structure and functioning of trophic models among different reaches. The trophic models from upstream to midstream of Lanyang River were similar. The trophic structures were simple, the biomasses were concentrated in periphyton, and primary consumers were the dominant consumers. Trophic structures in the downstream and estuary became more complex with a longer food chain and higher trophic-level consumers. Total system biomass and total system throughput of the tributaries were greater than those of the main stream, but the greatest values occurred in the estuary. Total primary production/total respiration (P/R) ratios in all reaches were greater than 1, indicating that Lanyang River is an autotrophic system. System production was primarily from primary producers. Because of the few consumers, most of primary production was not used and flowed into the detrital pool. Proportions of total system throughput flowed into detritus and exported were high. Lindeman spine analysis showed that the geometric mean of trophic efficiency in Lanyang River was low, but was higher in the estuary. Comparative study of two catchments of Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream, Cijiawan Stream had greater total system throughput, net system production, net primary production, biomass, material cycling rate, and trophic efficiency and more complex trophic structure. Using principal component analysis (PCA), it was found that total primary production/total biomass (P/B), relative ascendency (A/C) and P/R ratio were most distinct between Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream, and turbidity and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) were the most contrast environmental factors. Compared with other river/stream ecosystems, both Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream showed low biomass, low respiration, a high P/R ratio, and a low trophic efficiency. The great net primary production, low biomass and cycling index, simplified trophic structure, grazing food chain, and higher A/C values indicated that Lanyang River and Cijiawan Stream were at early developmental ecosystems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22561
其他識別: U0005-2307200720352400
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2307200720352400
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