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標題: 臺灣地區馬纓丹屬植物花色變異之研究
Studies on the flower color variation of Lantana in Taiwan
作者: 黃佳盛
Huang, Chia-Sheng
關鍵字: Lantana
floral color
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 馬纓丹原生於中南美洲,在臺灣已馴化成具侵略性的雜草。歷年來各學者對於臺灣地區已馴化的馬纓丹見解不同,本研究共收集了44個馬纓丹樣本,其中包括39個野生個體及5個園藝栽培種。利用TLC、HPLC定性分析、分光光度計及核磁共振儀,分析這些植物花冠內次級代謝物花青素的組成。結果得知除了白花馬纓丹無花青素之外,43個馬纓丹樣本中,共測得A1~A6等6種主要花青素,已確定A1~A5的結構分別為cyanidin 3-glucoside、cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside、cyanidin 3- malonylglucoside等3種矢車菊類型色素,以及 peonidin 3,5- diglucoside 、peonidin 3-malonylglucoside等2種芍藥類型色素。依該A1~A6各種花青素含量百分率的平均比例可以將其區分為第一型:A2:A4:A5 (5:45:48)、第二型:A2:A4:A6 (23:42:3 或40:18:4)、第三型:A1:A3:A4 (35:28:4)及第四型:A2:A4 (18:84)等4類群。其中園藝栽培種與馴化野生者之間有顯著差異,而野生個體花冠內的花青素較為多樣。研究結果可作為探討臺灣地區馬纓丹屬植物間親緣關係的重要依據。
Lantana (Verbenaceae) is a naturalized plant in Taiwan and considered as a weed because of its invasiveness. A total of 44 Lantana plants, including 39 wild plants and 5 horticultural plants, were collected in Taiwan. In order to study the relationship of those plants, co-HPLC examined each anthocyanin peak and content ratio in the corollas of mature flowers as chemical characters, along with 2 morphological characters. As a result of the HPLC analysis, 6 anthocyanin peaks were detected in those 43 Lantana plants, except white flower of Lantana nivea , which exhibite no anthocyanin content. The five of them were identified as 3- glucoside, 3, 5- diglucoside and 3- malonylglucoside of cyanidin, and 3, 5- diglucoside and 3-malonylglucoside of peonidin. The anthocyanin ratios in each taxon are different; they presented the 4 groups of significant ratios, classified from TypeⅠ, A2: A4: A5(5: 45: 48); TypeⅡ, A2: A4: A6(23: 42: 3 or 40: 18: 4); TypeⅢ, A1: A3: A4 (35: 28: 4) and Type Ⅳ, A2: A4 (18: 84). Based on these results, we can distinguish wild species from the cultivars, and understanding how the wild species are becoming more diverse. It may provide valuable information to elucidate the interrelationship of Lantana plants in Taiwan and contribute to the systematic treatment of them.
其他識別: U0005-2507200810344300
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