Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22876
標題: 裘氏鱷頭冰魚的粒線體基因體:具有ND6、tRNAGlu及獨特的基因體結構
Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Mackerel Icefish (Champsocephalus gunnari): Retention of ND6 and tRNAGlu, and a Novel Genome Organization
作者: 林筑茵
Lin, Chu-Yin
關鍵字: gene duplication
串聯重複
gene transposition
Notothenioidei
phylogeny
基因轉位
南極魚亞目
親緣關係
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 裘氏鱷頭冰魚(Champsocephalus gunnari)是南極冰魚的其中一員。Papetti等人(2007)曾提出一個假說:所有的南極冰魚都不具有ND6與tRNAGlu基因,並且南極冰魚的共同祖先可能已失去這二個基因。為了測試這個假說,本研究藉由PCR、選殖(cloning)以及定序(sequencing)得到裘氏鱷頭冰魚的完整粒線體DNA序列,發現裘氏鱷頭冰魚具有ND6與tRNAGlu,此與Papetti等人的假說不符。和一般脊椎動物動物不同的是,裘氏鱷頭冰魚的ND6與tRNAGlu轉位(transpose)到tRNAThr及tRNAPro之間,而不是位在ND5與cyt b之間。此外,從ND6到控制區(control region,簡稱CR)的DNA片段串聯重複(tandem duplication)了一次,使其粒線體基因體結構與目前已知的脊椎動物都不同。我們還發現在不同個體中,第一個重複片段裡的基因組成有差異。第一型的個體擁有完整的ND6及tRNAGlu,第二型有半個ND6但是沒有tRNAGlu,第三型則沒有ND6也沒有tRNAGlu。我們推測串聯重複後再隨機失去模式(tandem duplication-random loss model,簡稱TDRL model) (Moritz and Brown 1986; Moritz and Brown 1987)是形成裘氏鱷頭冰魚粒線體基因新的排列順序的主要機制。冰魚的親緣關係樹並不支持ND6及tRNAGlu在南極冰魚的共同祖先就已失去了的假說,除非裘氏鱷頭冰魚後來又重新得到ND6及tRNAGlu。另一個可能的假說是南極冰魚各支系分別失去ND6和tRNAGlu,而裘氏鱷頭冰魚是其中沒有失去ND6和tRNAGlu的一個支系。
It has been proposed that loss of ND6 and tRNAGlu is shared by all Antarctic notothenioid fishes, and likely occurs in their common ancestor (Papetti et al. 2007). To test this hypothesis, the complete mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences of mackerel icefish (Champsocephalus gunnari), a member of Antarctic notothenioids, were obtained by polymerase chain reactions (PCR), cloning, and sequencing. In contrast to the proposal of Papetti et al. (2007), ND6 and tRNAGlu are present in the mt genome of mackerel icefish. Notably, ND6 and tRNAGlu are transposed to the position between tRNAThr and tRNAPro compared to the position between ND5 and cyt b in the ordinary vertebrate mt genomes. In addition, the segment from ND6 to control region (CR) tandemly duplicates once. Variations in gene content of the first duplicate were observed among different individuals. The variations include a full-length ND6 and tRNAGlu (referred as type-1), a truncated ND6 and loss of tRNAGlu (referred as type-2), and loss of both ND6 and tRNAGlu (referred as type-3). We proposed that tandem duplication-random loss model (TDRL model) (Moritz and Brown 1986; Moritz and Brown 1987) may account for the novel mt genome of mackerel icefish. Phylogenetic tree of notothenioids does not support that the loss of ND6 and tRNAGlu occurred at the common ancestor of Antarctic notothenioids unless ND6 and tRNAGlu were regained in mackerel icefish. The alternative hypothesis was that ND6 and tRNAGlu were lost independently in the different lineages of nototheniods and mackerel icefish was one of the lineages that retained ND6 and tRNAGlu.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22876
其他識別: U0005-1012200914264200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1012200914264200
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