Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22958
標題: 高美溼地底棲矽藻群集時空變化
Spatio-temporal changes in biomass and abundance of benthic diatoms in the Kaomei wetland
作者: 許智偉
Shiu, Jhih-Wei
關鍵字: 粉泥含量有機碳含量粒徑
大型矽藻
Benthic diatom、Kaomei wetland
Redundancy analysis
silt
large-sized
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 摘要 底棲矽藻是潮灘地重要之初級生產者。但是台灣潮灘地的底棲矽藻群集相 關研究卻相當少。本研究自2006 年10 月至2007 年12 月,於高美溼地設置樣區, 調查底棲矽藻葉綠素a 濃度與物種豐度。底質環境因子引用2005-2006 年調查資 料,分析結果顯示粉泥含量在9 月最高,3 月最低;有機氮含量在3 月最高,6 月最低;其他因子在時間上無顯著差異。底質含水量、粒徑大小、有機碳含量、 有機氮含量在地點間有差異,D 點植被區較其他區域高。底棲矽藻細胞豐度有時 間差異,以4 月豐度最高,此時以小型底棲矽藻相對豐度較高。葉綠素a 濃度有 時間與地點交互作用,在2 月D 點植被區有最高值發生,主要是由於大型底棲 矽藻所貢獻。Cymbella. sp2.、Nitzschia. sp3.、Nitzschia. sp6.與Gyrosigma. sp 等大 型底棲矽藻物種主要分佈在D 點植被區,與其他樣區的廣泛分佈種有明顯區別。 冗餘分析結果顯示,粉泥含量與有機碳含量為影響底棲矽藻豐度最重要環境因 子。Spearman correlation 分析結果顯示,底質粒徑大小與矽藻多樣性指數、大型 底棲矽藻豐度與體積呈現負相關;有機碳與氮含量與大型底棲矽藻豐度與體積呈 現正相關。相對於小型底棲矽藻,大型底棲矽藻較能反應環境因子。
Abstract Benthic diatoms are important primary producers in tidal flats. However, study on benthic diatoms on tidal flats is very limited in Taiwan. This study is aimed to determine the chlorophyll a concentration and cell abundance of benthic diatoms in the Kaomei wetland of central Taiwan from October 2006 to December 2007. The analyzed sediment environmental variables were derived from the survey data of 2005-2006. The results showed that the highest silt/clay content occurred in September, but the lowest in March. The highest organic nitrogen content occurred in March, but the lowest in June. Other environmental variables failed to show temporal variations. Water content, grain size, and organic carbon and nitrogen contents showed spatial variations. They were significantly higher at Site D with plant coverage from other sites. Cell number of benthic diatoms showed temporal variations. The highest number occurred in April, which can be attributable to the relatively large number of small-sized diatoms. Chlorophyll a concentration showed a significant temporal and spatial interaction. The greatest value occurred at Site D in February, which can be attributable to the contribution of large-sized diatoms. The large-sized diatoms Cymbella. sp2.、Nitzschia.sp3.、Nitzschia. sp6. and Gyrosigma. sp. were the most representative species at Site D, which can be discerned from other sites. The redundancy analyses showed that the silt/clay and organic carbon contents were the most important variables explaining the distribution of benthic diatoms in the Kaomei wetland. Spearman correlation analyses demonstrated that grain size correlated negatively with diversity index, large-sized diatoms and diatom biovolume; but organic carbon and nitrogen contents correlated positively with the cell number of large-sized diatoms and diatom biovolume. large-sized diatoms appear to more responsible to environmental variables than small-sized diatoms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22958
其他識別: U0005-2108200915525300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2108200915525300
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