Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23298
標題: 家庭生命週期、等值尺度與食品消費支出
Family Life Cycle, Equivalence Scale and Food Consumption
作者: 林旗銘
Lin, Chi-Ming
關鍵字: http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-2008200920314300
家庭生命週期
等值尺度
家計單位
食品消費支出
出版社: 行銷學系所
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摘要: 家庭生命週期為分析家計單位消費支出之有效工具,本研究根據台灣社會環境修正國外家庭生命週期模型,並使用1996年與2006年行政院主計處家庭收支調查資料進行實證研究。本研究建構之家庭生命週期模型包含16個階段,除可以完整分類樣本資料中所有家庭外,還能以不同路徑描述傳統與現代家庭之生命週期過程。 台灣地區家庭每年食品消費支出約占家庭總消費支出四分之一,食品消費支出之所得彈性為0.22左右,顯示食品不易受所得變動影響,屬於家庭消費之重要必需品。故本研究設定家庭總消費支出與各項食品類消費支出為依變數,分析不同家庭生命週期階段與社會經濟變數之消費差異。為消弭家庭生命週期階段之間家庭成員結構之差異,本研究考量家庭成員性別年齡差異,並配合家庭生命週期模型重要事件,估算各項食品消費項目之性別與年齡組成的等值尺度,將家庭消費支出除以等值尺度,轉換為每人等值消費支出進行比較。 研究結果發現,1996年與2006年台灣地區家庭之社會經濟變數與等值尺度對總消費支出之影響有顯著差異,2006年40歲女性在總消費支出高於同年齡男性,且等值尺度約為標準成年男性1.3倍。不同家庭生命週期階段有顯著的消費支出差異,依賴人口是影響家庭食品消費支出的重要因素,沒有依賴人口的家庭生命週期階段會有較高的每人等值消費支出。2006年台灣家庭平均外食費支出有明顯增加,老年單身階段與銀髮夫妻階段為外食費消費最高的階段。另外,台灣家庭在大部份食品類消費支出有顯著的規模經濟。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23298
其他識別: U0005-2008200920314300
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