Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23348
標題: 台灣中部耕牛傳統藥用植物之研究
Ethnoveterinary medicine plants for farming cattles in central Taiwan
作者: 林幸宜
Lin, Hsin-I
關鍵字: medicine plants
藥用植物
ethnoveterinary plants
farming cattle
cattle diseases
傳統獸藥植物
耕牛
牛病
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
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摘要: 1970年代以前,耕牛為台灣農村的主要勞動力。耕牛會生病或受傷,特別是中暑和過勞,因農村不容易找到現代獸醫,或因診治費用太貴,農民常會用傳統中草藥來醫治。本研究為記錄民間傳統牛藥植物,訪查台灣中部的老農民、牛販、中藥房和認識青草藥的人,共記錄牛藥植物51科101種,包含蕨類植物1種,雙子葉植物44科88種,單子葉植物6科12種,以菊科植物最多(12種),其次為繖形科(6種)。牛草藥配方最常見的植物為甘草、黃芩和台灣澤蘭。依形態分,草本植物67種,木本植物34種,這些植物很多在鄉野即可採到,部分在中藥房或青草店買得到。入藥部分以根、莖、葉為主。配製方法大都是加水煎煮再灌餵病牛。 1970年代以來,機器逐漸取代耕牛,現今已難見牛隻耕田或拉車,流傳民間的傳統獸醫學也欠傳承而逐漸消失,目前會使用中草藥來治療病牛的人很少了。傳統牛藥植物雖然缺乏科學性,但其具有療效又便宜,是民間長期累積的寶貴經驗,值得重視和保存,以作為現代生物科技研發新藥之參考。
Before 1970, farming cattles were main labour forces in Taiwan. However, they were sometimes sick or injured, especially sunstroke and exhaustion. Because modern veterinary doctors were rare and western drugs were too expensive, farmers used to utilize traditional herbal plants in managing cattle diseases. This study interviewed the old farmers, cattle venders, and herbal experts, and recorded traditional herbal plants for farming cattles in central Taiwan. Totally 101 plant species, belonging to 51 families, were used to treat cattles. Discots include 44 families 88 species; monocots include 6 families 12 species. The families with the largest species number are Compositae with 12 species and Umbelliferae with 6. The mostly utilized plants were found to be Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Leguminosae), Scutellaria baicalensis (Labiatae), and Eupatorium formosanum (Compositae). According to habit, the herbs include 67 species and woody plants include 34 species. These plants can be found in wild country or be bought in shop of Chinese herbal medicine. The plants parts frequently used were roots, stems, and leaves. Medication are mostly prepared as decoctions. After 1970, the farming cattle was gradually replaced by modern machines. It is rare to see the farming cattles now. The local ethnoveterinary knowledge has disappeared, because nobody inherited it. Although traditional ethnoveterinary plants are lack of scientific warrant, but these medicine plants are curative effort and cheap. The local knowledge of ethnoveterinary healing must be documemted and conserved through systematic studies before it is lost forever.They are important references for morden biotechnology to develop new medicines.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23348
其他識別: U0005-0907200812272800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0907200812272800
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