Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23663
標題: 台灣西南海域深水盆地區底泥微生物相結構分析
Microbial community structure in the deep-basin area SW offshore of Taiwan
作者: 陳丁濡
Chen, Ding-Ju
關鍵字: 16S rRNA gene
16S rRNA基因
Deep sea sediment
Microbial community
深海底泥
微生物相
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 具豐富儲藏量的甲烷水合物為各國致力於發展的石油替代能源之ㄧ。自然界中甲烷水合物大多分布於板塊交界處以及永凍土之中,經地物學者發現屬於活動以及被動大陸邊緣交界處之台灣西南海域賦存甲烷水合物的可能性極高。甲烷水合物賦存區的微生物活動相當特殊,自然界中的甲烷大多是由甲烷太古生物所生成,因此賦存區通常具有許多的甲烷太古生物,並促使許多能提供甲烷化作用基質的甲烷生成共棲菌及以甲烷為能量來源的微生物如厭氧甲烷氧化太古生物親緣型(ANME)與好氧甲烷氧化細菌共存於此特殊棲地。此特殊棲地的微生物群落架構能夠作為甲烷水合物存在與否的依據。為了藉由微生物群落架構得知台灣西南海域賦存甲烷水合物的可能性,於2010年由Marion Dufresne研究船第178 航次利用巨型箱型岩心進行採樣。於深水盆地區(21°32.490’N, 119°19.640’E)取得的巨型箱型岩心共獲得16個不同深度的土樣,由樣品的太古生物與細菌16S rRNA 基因庫分析樣區微生物群落架構。194個太古生物16S rDNA轉殖株中,優勢群為SAGMEG (34%)以及MBG-D/MGIII (33%)親緣型,204個細菌16S rDNA轉殖株中,優勢群為Candidate Division JS1 (36%)以及Chloroflexi (22%)親緣型。此區域也發現到能進行厭氧降解提供甲烷化基質的細菌如Firmicutes、Chloroflexi、Proteobacteria、Bacteroidetes 及JS1,以及甲烷太古生物相關親緣型MBGD、GEG、SAGMEG以及Methanomicrobiales,應有許多甲烷生成作用,此外也發現到屬於高溫菌的TMEG、SAGMEG及DHVC親緣型。經由生物資訊分析比對得知,此區域所獲得的轉殖株與泥火山、甲烷冷泉及甲烷水合物賦存區等甲烷量較高的轉殖株關係較為密切,也發現到在甲烷水合物賦存區域分別屬於太古生物及細菌優勢群的DSAG以及JS1親緣型的存在,因此台灣西南海域深水盆地區域可能是甲烷水合物賦存潛力區。
The deep sea microbial community investigation can conjecture the marine associated environments, like oilfield, gas hydrate-buried site and hydrothermal vent, for further understanding the ecosystem and treasures of the natural resources. The CASQ box core MD178-3263C was obtained during the Marion Dufresne cruise (MD-178) at May 28, 2010. The sampling site of core MD178-3263C (8.52 meters) was located at the deep-basin area (21°32.490'N, 119°19.640'E) SW offshore Taiwan with water depth of 2819 meters. Both archaeal and bacterial 16S rRNA gene libraries were constructed from every 0.5 meter of core sections. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the SAGMEG (34%) and MBG-D (33%) were dominant archaeal phylotypes, and the candidate division JS1 (36%) and Chloroflexi (22%) were dominant bacterial phylotypes. The occurrence of methanogenesis substrate- producing bacteria Firmicutes, Chloroflexi, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and JS1, and methane producing archaea MBGD, GEG, SAGMEG and Methanomicrobiales, revealed the active methanogenesis process in this site. Thermophilic TMEG, SAGMEG and DHVC also present in this site. Additionally, the representative OTUs from most archaeal and bacterial phylotypes are close related with clones from deep sea sediments of active submarine mud volcano at East Mediterranean Sea, gas hydrate-bearing site and cold seep, which suggested that this habitat are potential gas hydrate-bearing site.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23663
其他識別: U0005-0802201212482600
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