請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23719
標題: 台灣被子植物之葉部蟲室研究
Studies on the leaf domatia of the angiosperms in Taiwan
作者: 涂芳瑜
Tu, Fang-Yu
關鍵字: angiosperm
葉部蟲室
leaf domatium
phytophagous mite
predaceous mite
mutualism
食草性蜱蟎捕食性蜱蟎互利共生
出版社: 生命科學系所
引用: 呂福原,歐辰雄,陳運造,祁豫生,呂金誠。2000。台灣樹木圖誌(第一卷)。國立中興大學森林植物分類生態研究室。 呂福原,歐辰雄,陳運造,祁豫生,呂金誠,曾彥學。2006。台灣樹木圖誌(第二卷)。國立中興大學森林植物分類生態研究室。 呂福原,歐辰雄,陳運造,祁豫生,呂金誠,曾彥學。2011。台灣樹木圖誌(第三卷)。國立中興大學森林植物分類生態研究室。 廖惠勤。2008。臺灣被子植物花外蜜腺之研究。國立中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班碩士論文。 黃坤煒。2007。共存共榮:造癭節蜱與植物的故事。台中市自然科學博物館。 楊淑燕,陳明義,楊正澤。1990。台灣的植物癭。行政院農業委員會&中華民國環境綠化協會。 Agrawal, A. A. and Karban, R. 1997. Domatia mediate plantarthropod mutualism. Nature 387:562-563. Agrawal, A. A. 2000. Mechanisms, ecological consequences and agricultural implications of tri-trophic interactions. Current Opinion in Plant Biology :329-335. Anh, T. N. 1966. Sur la structure anatomique et lontogenese des acarodomaties et les interpretations morphologiques qui paraissent sen degager. Adansonia 6:147-151. Barros, M. A. A. 1961. Domacias nas angiospermas: variacões na forma e na localizacão. Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” 18:131-146. Bell, A.D. 2008. Plant form: an illustrated guide to flowering plant morphology. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford. p.244-245. Bremer, B., Bremer, K., Chase, M. W., Fay, M. F., Reveal, J. L., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S. and Stevens, P. F. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161:105-121. Brouwer, Y. M. and Clifford, H. T. 1990. An annotated list of domatia-bearing species. Notes from the Jodrell Laboratory 1-33. Fiala, B. and Maschwitz, U. 1992. Domatia as most important adaptations in the evolution of myrmecophytes in the paleotropical tree genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 180:53-64. Forbes, H. O. 1880. Notes from Java. Nature, Lond. 22:148. Forbes, H. O. 1885. A naturalist’s wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago: Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, London. Gustavo, Q. R. and Woodruff, W. B. 2004. Leaf domatia mediate mutualism between mites and a tropical tree. Oecologia 140:609-616. Gustavo, Q. R. and Woodruff, W. B. 2005. Biotic interactions of mites, plants and leaf domatia. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 8:436-440. Howard, R. A. 1970. The ecology of an elfin forest in Puerto Rico. 10. Note on two species of Marcgravia. J. Arnold Arbor 51:41-55. Jacobe, M. 1966. On domatia - the viewpoints and some facts. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Series C 69:275-316. Kasai, A., Yano, S. and Takafuji, A. 2002. Density of the eriophyid mites inhabiting the domatia of Cinnamomum camphora Linn. affects the density of the predatory mite, Amblyseius sojaensis Ehara (Acari: Phytoseiidae), not inhabiting the domatia. Applied Entomology and Zoology 37:617-619. Kasai, A., Yano, S. and Takafuji, A. 2005. Prey-predator mutualism in a tritrophic system on a camphor tree. Ecological Research 20:163-166. Leroy, C., Jauneau, A., Quilichini, A., Dejean, A. and Orivel, J. 2008. Comparison between the anatomical and morphological structure of leaf blades and foliar domatia in the ant-plant Hirtella physophora (Chrysobalanaceae). Annals of Botany 101:501-507. Lundströem, A. N., 1887. Pflanzenbiologische studien. II. Die anpassung der pflanzen an thiere. Nova acta regiae societatis scientiarum upsaliensis, Series 3, XIII. Metcalfe, C. R. and Chalk, L. 1979. Anatomy of the dicotyledons 2nd ed. vol. 1: Systematic anatomy of leaf and stem, with a brief history of the subject. Clarendon Press, Oxford. p.132-140. Nakamura, T., Taniguchi, T. and Maeda, E. 1992. Leaf anatomy of Coffea arabica L. with reference to domatia. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 61:642-650. Nishida, S., Naiki, A. and Nishida, T. 2005. Morphological variation in leaf domatia enables coexistence of antagonistic mites in Cinnamomum camphora. Canadian Journal of Botany 83:93-101. Norton, A. P., English-Loeb, G., Gadoury, D. and Seem, R. C. 2000. Mycophagous mites and foliar pathogens: leaf domatia mediate tritrophic interactions in grapes. Ecology 81:490-499. O''Dowd, D.J. and Pemberton, R. W. 1994. Leaf domatia in Korean plants: floristics, frequency, and biogeography. Plant Ecology 114:137-148. O''Dowd, D. J. and Pemberton, R. W. 1998. Leaf domatia and foliar mite abundance in broadleaf deciduous forest of north Asia. American Journal of Botany 85:70-78. O''Dowd, D. J. and Willson, M. F. 1989. Leaf domatia and mites on Australasian plants: ecological and evolutionary implications. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 37:191-236. O''Dowd, D. J. and Willson, M. F. 1991. Associations between mites and leaf dornatia. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 6:179-182. Pemberton, R. W. and Turner, C. E. 1989. Occurrence of predatory and fungivorous mites in leaf domatia. American Journal of Botany 76:105-112. Roda, A., Nyrop, J., Dicke, M. and English-Loeb, G. 2000. Trichomes and spider-mite webbing protect predatory mite eggs from intraguild predation. Oecologia 125:428-435. Solís, S. M. and Ferrucci, M. S. 2006. Comparative leaf Morpho-anatomical studies of two South American species of Cardiospermum (Sapindaceae) with special reference to adaxial domatia. Blumea - Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography 51:153-164. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van. 1968. Occurrence of domatia as a systematic character. Flora Malesiana Bull 5:1568-70. Treub, M. M. 1888. Nouvelles recherches sur le myrmecodia de Java (Myrmecodia tuberosa Beccari) [non Joack.] Annls Jard. bot. Buitenz 7:191-212. Walter, D. E. 1996. Living on leaves: mites, tomenta, and leaf domatia. Annual Review of Entomology 41:101-114. Walter, D. E. and O''Dowd, D. J. 1992. Leaves with domatia have more mites. Ecology 73:1514-1518. Weber, H. 1956. Uber die Blutenstande und die Hochblatter von Norantea Aubl. (Marcgraviaceae). Beitr. Biol Pfl. 32. 313-29.
摘要: 蟲室為植物體葉片上之小型構造物,位於被子植物葉背中肋與側脈之交接處,主要功能是提供與植物互利共生的生物有躲避天敵、產卵、生長、蛻皮之安全處。蟲室中居住的動物主要為節肢動物蜱蟎類,對於植物而言,共生的捕食性蜱蟎來回穿梭於植物體上捕食和驅趕食草性蜱蟎,間接保護植物避免受到啃食,以及幫助植物授粉,增進果實產量;而食菌性蜱蟎則會以植物體上寄生之真菌孢子和菌絲為食物,間接去除對植物有害的病原體,防止真菌感染。本研究於檢閱國外相關文獻資料後,調查台灣本島具有蟲室之被子植物,共收集台灣中低海拔常見之27科49屬60種葉部蟲室植物,觀察後記錄與拍照,並利用掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察蟲室細微構造,結果發現共九種形態,分別為:(1)腺窩 (2)口袋狀 (3)毛叢 (4)邊緣反捲 (5)腺窩-毛叢複合形 (6)口袋狀-毛叢複合形 (7)邊緣反捲-毛叢複合形 (8)腺窩-口袋狀複合形 (9)葉柄翼反捲。由調查分析得知,蟲室的自然出現頻度,以茜草科居冠,其餘則分散至各科內;將資料彙集整理成基本資料庫,以供爾後有關蟲室資源開發利用研究之參考。
Leaf domatia are minute structure in vein axils on the abaxial surface of leaves of many angiosperms. It can mediate mutualism between mites and plant, and mites used them for shelter, ovipositing, developing and molting. Benefits for plants that shelter predaceous mites can crawling over plants and drive phytophagous mites away, reduce vegetative damage, increase plant reproduction and fruits. The fungivorous mites as fungus's spores and hypha in plants as food, remove harmful pathogen indirectly. According to the recording references we collect 27 families, 49 genera and 60 species of leaf domatia of common angiosperms in the low and median habitats of Taiwan. The leaf domatia surface were examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show there are nine morphological types in the observation of leaf domatia: (1) pit (2) pocket (3) hair tuft (4) revolute leaf margin (5) pit-hair tuft combination (6) pocket-hair tuft combination (7) revolute leaf margin-hair tuft combination (8) pit-pocket combination (9) revolute petiole wing. The plants of Rubiaceae most abundantly occur the leaf domatia relatively, and the other are dispersed to various families. Our studies for leaf domatia can compile to make into basic database, provide the reference in researching leaf domatia resource.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23719
其他識別: U0005-1708201123483400
顯示於類別:生命科學系所

文件中的檔案:
檔案 大小格式 
nchu-100-7097052122-1.pdf18.75 MBAdobe PDF檢視/開啟


在 DSpace 系統中的文件,除了特別指名其著作權條款之外,均受到著作權保護,並且保留所有的權利。