請用此 Handle URI 來引用此文件: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23888
標題: 台灣產水玉黴科真菌之分類與親緣關係研究
Taxonomic and Phylogenetic study of Pilobolaceae in Taiwan
作者: 林育靜
Lin, Yu-Ching
關鍵字: Pilobolaceae
水玉黴科
phylogenetic
Taiwan
親緣關係樹
台灣
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
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摘要: 水玉黴科(Pilobolaceae)分類地位屬於接合菌門 (Zygomycota)‚毛黴亞門(Mucoromycotina)‚毛黴目 (Mucorales),其係屬糞生真菌。本研究以由台灣本島採集的草食及囓齒類動物糞物作為菌株分離來源,共採集301糞物樣本,利用形態特徵及真菌核糖體rDNA之SSU、LSU-D1/D2及ITS區域三段基因序列分析鑑定共分離出兩屬,即水玉黴屬 (Pilobolus) 及星玉黴屬 (Utharomyces),共有九個種包含一新種,分別為 Pilobolus crystallinus, P. hyalosporus, P. kleinii, P. oedipus, P. roridus, P. sphaerosporus, P. umbonatus, P. sp. nov. 及 Utharomyces epallocaulus.。每個種在親緣關係樹皆能自成一分支群,且新種可與水玉黴屬其他菌種分開為不同種。具高度保留性的SSU序列與LSU-D1/D2序列水玉黴科內同種之相似度為98-100%,水玉黴屬內不同種間SSU序列為95.5-98%;LSU-D1/D2序列為85.5-96%。ITS區域序列的變異度相對較高,其同種之相似度為86-100%,屬內不同種間相似度為55-85%。水玉黴屬與星玉黴屬兩屬間相似度SSU序列為92.5-93.5%,LSU-D1/D2序列為76-78%,ITS區域序列52-62%。本研究依據形態特徵及親緣關係分析結果,建立了台灣地區水玉黴科真菌之分類檢索表。
Pilobolaceae (Mucorales, Mucoromycotina, Zygomycota) is a group of coprophilous fungi. In this study, hervbivors’ and Rodents’ dung samples were collected from Taiwan island. Based on morphological characters and data obtained from gene sequence analyses including ribosomal DNA SSU、ITS and LSU-D1/D2 regions, nine species were identified, namely Pilobolus crystallinus, P. hyalosporus, P. kleinii, P. oedipus, P. roridus, P. sphaerosporus, P. umbonatus, P. sp. nov. and Utharomyces epallocaulus. Each species can be separated into an individual clade on phylogenetic trees. The intraspecific similarity of SSU and LSU-D1/D2 of Pilobolaceae is 98-100%, the intraspecific similarity among Pilobolaceae species are 95.5-98% and 85.5-96%, respectively. On the other hand, the intraspecific similarity of ITS region of Pilobolaceae species is 86-100%, and the interspecific similarity among Pilobolaceae species is 55-85%. Between Pilobolus and Utharomyces, the similarity of SSU、LSU-D1/D2 and ITS regions are 92.5-93.5%, 76-78% and 52-56%, respectively. Meanwhile, the new species can be separated from other species in the phylogenetic tree. Consequently, a key of the species of Pilobolaceae in Taiwan was constructed based on combined data of molecular approach of three domaim sequence of rDNA and the morphological characters.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23888
其他識別: U0005-1905201113580700
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