Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24200
標題: 影響智慧家庭採用電能資訊管理系統之因素分析-市場調查法
Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Adoption of Energy Information Management System for Smart Homes: A Market Survey Approach
作者: 張容瑞
Chang, Jung-Jui
關鍵字: Energy Information Management Systems
電能資訊管理系統
Smart Home
Advanced Metering Infrastructure
Market Survey Approach
Analysis of Variance
Chi-square
智慧家庭
先進讀錶基礎建設
市場調查法
變異數分析
卡方檢定
出版社: 資訊管理學系所
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摘要: 智慧家庭電能資訊管理系統是當前先進國家新型節能住宅用來協助進行用電管理,以達節約能源目的之平台。此電能資訊管理系統能提供家庭用戶家中各家電詳細用電資訊、有效幫助用戶管理用電,並提升家庭用電品質(如用電安全)。但在台灣,目前由於家庭用戶絕大多數均採用非時間電價,致電能資訊管理系統並未廣泛地應用在一般家庭或是社區中,故本研究旨在探討家庭用戶對於電能資訊管理系統採用意願的高低,以及有何因素會影響其對於電能資訊管理系統的採用意願。 為此,本研究透過設計問卷,以網路問卷的方式蒐集家庭用戶對於電能資訊管理系統的看法與相關資訊,以變異數分析檢定與卡方檢定等統計分析方法,分析家庭用戶填答問卷之結果,以了解可能影響家庭用戶採用電能資訊管理系統的因素為何。根據檢定結果發現:多數家庭用戶不願意採用電能資訊管理系統的原因是覺得該系統的價格太貴;其次是對於電能資訊管理系統的實際效果存有疑慮。本研究亦發現:不同年齡層的家庭用戶對於電能資訊管理系統的採用意願有明顯的差異;且家庭用戶個人的背景知識以及日常生活行為與電能資訊管理系統的採用意願,存有顯著相關性。 進一步分析結果顯示:不同年齡層對於電能資訊管理系統採用意願有顯著差異,以「30-39歲」與「50歲以上」兩種年齡層的差異最為顯著,而較低年齡層的民眾之差異較不顯著;另一結果顯示:雖然知識背景以及日常生活行為皆與電能資訊管理系統間存有明顯相關性,但其中「知識背景」之相關性比起「日常生活行為」較為明顯,此顯示在後續推廣電能資訊管理系統時,建議應以增進家庭用戶之知識背景為優先。其次,為從家庭用戶日常生活行為著手,透過讓家庭用戶更了解各家電用電資訊,並協助用電管理,使家庭用戶能改變用電行為,以達節約能源與節省電費之目的,方能增加民眾對電能資訊管系統之採用意願。
Smart home energy information management systems are a platform that used to manage energy-using in novel energy-saving house in many of the advanced countries nowadays. The energy information management systems provide detailed electricity consumption information of each household appliance in the family, and helps people to manage household electricity consumption effectively as well as enhance household electricity consumption quality, e.g., safety of electricity use. However, the energy information management systems have not been applied commonly in general families or communities in Taiwan. Thus, this study aims to explore the level of willingness household residents would like to adopt the energy information management systems as well as what factors will affect their adoption intention for such system. Through market survey, this study utilizes internet questionnaire to collect opinions and related information of household residents regarding the energy information management systems. ANOVA test and chi-square test are employed to analyze the survey results for better understanding of the factors which may affect the intention for adopting energy information management systems. According to the findings from the statistical test results, the reason why most families are not willing to adopt energy information management systems is because of its high price. And secondly, the respondents have doubts in the practical effect of energy information management systems. It is also found that household residents of different age range have significant variation in their willingness of energy information management systems adoption. Furthermore, there is a high correlation between personal background and knowledge, daily living behaviors, and the willingness of energy information management systems adoption in household residents. The results of the study show that there is notable variation in the willingness of energy information management systems adoption among different age range, and the most remarkable age range is “30-39 year-old” and “over 50 year-old”, while there is less notable variation in the younger age range. Another result shows that household residents' knowledge and background, and daily living behaviors do have obvious relevance with energy information management systems. However, there is more significant regarding “knowledge background” than “daily living behavior”, which implies that when one intends to promote energy information management systems, it is important to promote people's knowledge background as the first priority. Secondly, to start from people's daily living behaviors. Through making household residents more understand electricity consumption information and assisting them to manage energy-saving, so that household residents would change their daily living behaviors, and increase their willingness for energy information management systems adoption eventually.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24200
其他識別: U0005-0907201212144200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0907201212144200
Appears in Collections:資訊管理學系

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