Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24332
標題: 影響國中節電因素之研究:層級分析法
A Study on Electricity-Saving Impact Factors of Junior-High Schools: Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach
作者: 洪銘鴻
Hong, Ming-Hong
關鍵字: 層級分析法
Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
校園節電
市場問卷調查
中學生認知
節電成本
campus electricity-saving
market survey approach
electricity-saving cost
出版社: 資訊管理學系所
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摘要: 本研究旨在探討國中節電因素;除相關文獻探討外,整合專家意見及群體訪談,並應用層級分析法Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP),進行量化與質性的研究,以建構國中節電因素的權重分析。層級分析法為廣泛應用之多準則決策方法。主要為衡量並處理問題與準則之間的衝突,能透過多元性的評估整合問題以處理複雜的、主觀的、不確定性的中學節電決策境問題。實證問卷調查發放共計18位專家,回收有效問卷計14位,其中分為非教師專家與教師專家(自然領域)兩大群組。在國中節電因素依權重排序後,依序為:(1)政府政策推動;(2)中學生認知與執行;(3)節電成本考量;(4)教師教學與宣導;(5)學校行政支持;(6)實施節電方法的考量。而在AHP第二層級的18項延伸次準則因素權重分析結果顯示:「政府政策的推動」之「對各項節能計畫補助」,受到專家群的重視為48.6%,佔比重最高;「學校行政支持」之「節電工作小組的執行力」,受到專家群的重視為45.2%,佔比次高;「教師教學與宣導」之「節電觀念融入教學」,受到專家群的重視為43.3%;「教師教學與宣導」之「導師或任課教師重視程度」,受到專家群的重視為40.9%;「實施節電方法的考量」之「全面購買節電設備與電器產品」,受到專家群的重視為40.6%;「節電成本考量」之「維護節電設備所耗成本」,受到專家群的重視為38%。 本研究成果除可作為個案實證對象校園節電方案參考之外,尚可作為後續相關研究之依據。
The purpose of this study is to establish a research model for campus electricity-saving impact factors in junior-high schools. Besides the discussion of relevant literature, this study integrates expert opinions and results from group interviews and conducts quantitative and qualitative researches using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), to construct the weighting analysis of electricity-saving impact factors in junior-high schools. AHP applied a popular method for multiple criteria decision making problem. It provides a method to deal with the confliction among the comprehensive assessment of multiple criteria the decision making, and characterized for dealing with ambiguity or uncertainty problems of electricity-saving impact factors.The empirical survey in this study distributed 18 questionnaires, collected 14. Experts divided into two groups of nonteaching experts and science teachers. According to the research results from our model, the top three factors of campus electricity-saving impact factors in junior-high schools are: 1) the promotion of government policy; 2) the junior-high students’ cognizance and implementation; 3) considerations of electricity-saving cost; 4) the teaching and promotion by teachers; 5) administrative support by the school , and 6) the consideration of electricity-saving methods. The assessment results of extended 18 sub-criteria shows that "the subsidy on each electricity-saving plan" of "the promotion of government policy" was highest emphasized by the experts and shared the largest proportion of 48.6% weight. The assessment items show that "the executive power of electricity-saving team" of "the administrative support" shared the second largest proportion with 45% of emphasis by the experts. The "combination of electricity-saving concepts and teaching" of "the teaching and promotion by teachers" shared 43.3% weight, "the degree of attention of instructors or classroom teachers" of the same dimension shared 40.9% of the emphasis by experts. And the "overall purchases of electricity-saving equipment and electrical products" of "the consideration of electricity-saving methods" shared 40.6% weight, while the "consumption cost of maintaining electricity-saving equipment" of "considerations of electricity-saving cost" shared 38% of the emphasis by experts. The studied results may be used as a reference point for both empirical analyes and campuses electricity-saving plans in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24332
其他識別: U0005-1507201222523500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1507201222523500
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