Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24971
標題: 臺灣荷蘭牛轉換期飼予陰離子對血清游離鈣與分娩後子宮復原之影響
The Effect of Anionic Feed on Serum Ionized Calcium Concentration and Uterine Involution during the Transition Period of Holstein Cows in Taiwan
作者: 陳朝宜
Chen, Chao-Yi
關鍵字: anionic salts
陰離子
Diet to palatable
Acid-base status
Serum ionized calcium
適口性
酸鹼反應
血清游離鈣
出版社: 動物科學系所
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摘要: According to the research of advanced dairy countries, dairy cows fed with the low dietary cation-anion difference(DCAD expressed as([Na] + [K])−([Cl] + [S])milliequivalents/100 g of DM)or anionic salts during the last 3 to 4 wk prepartum would decrease the incidence of hypocalcemia and reduce the metabolic problems, so that the longevity of dairy cows will be improved. In Taiwan, although several commercial brands of anionic feeds have been marketed, no research on them has been reported. In trial 1, fifteen nonlactating, multiparous pregnant Holstein cows at 18 ± 7 d precalving were randomly assigned into three dietary treatments with DCAD of +3(HD), -15(LDa)and -15(LDb)meq/100 g of DM , which adjusted with commercial, domestic and imported concentrates, respectively. Except for a couple of cows in LDa and LDb, most of the cows consumed all the concentrates fed during the early period of the experiment(d 1 through 5). The means of the time spent on concentrate intake by the cows in LDa(16.5 min)and LDb (12.3 min)were significantly longer than that in HD(5.23 min)(P<0.01). During d 6 through d 21, concentrates fed to the cows were completely consumed in all treatments. The palatabilities expressed as the time spent on concentrate intake were not different among the three treatments(P = 0.48). At day 21, blood Pco2, bicarbonate concentration and base-excess(BE)were less in cows in LDa than those in HD(P<0.05). Serum ionized Ca concentration(4.89 ± 0.10 mg/dL)was significantly greater in LDa than that in HD(4.64 ± 0.11 mg/dL). Urine was acidified by LDa or LDb to the extent from pH 5.5 to 6.8. In trial 2, in the last 3 weeks of the dry period, eighty non-lactating, pregnant Holstein-Friesian cows were allotted randomly to two groups, the control or the anion-treated(A)concentrate treatments, by which the DCAD of +10.3 and −6.8 meq/100g DM of the diet were formed, respectively. Significant increase of serum ionized Ca concentrations(P<0.05)and decrease of retained placenta incidence(P<0.05) at calving were observed in cows fed with A diet in comparison with those in control. Uterine horn diameters, indicating extent of uterine involution, at 30 d postpartum in cows fed with A diet were narrower than those in control(P<0.05). In both trials, there were no significant differences among the dietary treatments in the levels of blood serum parameters including albumin, nonesterified fatty acids, phosphorus, magnesium, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, triglycerides, total cholesterol, urea nitrogen and creatinine. In conclusion, preparturient cows fed with anionic feeds are able to increase serum ionized Ca concentration and improve uterine involution of postpartrient cows.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24971
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