Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24990
標題: 飼糧對於台灣地區鴕鳥生長、血清生化參數與屠體性狀之影響
Effect of Diet on the Growth Performance、Serum Biochemical Parameters and Dressing Characteristics of Ostrich in Taiwan
作者: 湯家年
Tang, Chia-Nien
關鍵字: ostrich
鴕鳥
feed
growth performance
serum biochemical parameters
dressing characteristics
飼糧
生長性狀
血清生化學參
屠體性狀
出版社: 動物科學系所
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摘要: 本試驗之目的,在以狼尾草搭配自配飼糧(Feed A)及商售飼糧(Feed B)餵飼鴕鳥,並比較其生長性狀、血清生化與屠體性狀的差異。試驗一使用3月齡鴕鳥16隻,而試驗二使用8月齡鴕鳥16隻;在試驗一及試驗二將鴕鳥逢機分成自配飼糧組及商售飼糧組,每組8隻,試驗期為120天。試驗一之結果顯示,兩組鴕鳥之體重與芻料採食量均無顯著差異,而精料採食量在各月齡間均以自配飼糧組顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.05),且兩組鴕鳥之精料採食量均隨月齡之增加而呈上升趨勢。另外,5月齡及6月齡鴕鳥之平均日增重與飼料轉換率,均以自配飼糧組顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.05)。試驗二之結果顯示,兩組鴕鳥之體重與芻料採食量均無顯著差異,而9月齡鴕鳥之精料採食量,以自配飼糧組顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.05),且兩組鴕鳥之精料採食量及芻料採食量均隨月齡之增加而呈下降趨勢。另外,9月齡鴕鳥之平均日增重與飼料轉換率,均以自配飼糧組顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.05),而在10月齡鴕鳥之平均日增重與飼料轉換率,則以商售飼糧組顯著較自配飼糧組為高(P<0.05)。在血清生化學方面,試驗一之結果顯示,兩組鴕鳥之血清三酸甘油酯、總脂質、鈉、鉀、氯、離子鈣等濃度及血清乳酸去氫酶之活性等均無顯著差異;但血漿葡萄糖濃度以4及5月齡商售飼糧組鴕鳥顯著較自配飼糧組為高(P<0.05);血清膽固醇濃度以7月齡商售飼糧組鴕鳥顯著較自配飼糧組為高(P<0.05);血清總蛋白質濃度以7月齡自配飼糧組鴕鳥極顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.01),血清肌酸激酶活性以4及5月齡自配飼糧組鴕鳥顯著較商售飼糧組為高(P<0.05)。試驗二之鴕鳥血清生化學測定結果,血清總蛋白質濃度以7月齡商售飼糧組鴕鳥顯著較自配飼糧飼糧組為高(P<0.05),而其他血液性狀在兩組鴕鳥間均無顯著差異。在活體重、屠體重、屠宰率及各部位肉重,心、肝、皮重與腹脂等組織重量,以及腺胃、肌胃、十二指腸、空腸、迴腸、盲腸與結直腸等腸道性狀,在兩組鴕鳥均無顯著差異,但部位肉總重佔屠體重之比例,則以自配飼糧組顯著較商售飼糧為佳(P<0.05)。在本研究中,試驗一鴕鳥之生長性狀以自配飼糧組呈較佳之趨勢,而在試驗二中,二組鴕鳥則無顯著差異;但飼料成本則以商售飼糧較自配飼糧便宜,因此建議生長期鴕鳥(3~7月齡)可餵飼自配飼糧,而肥育期鴕鳥(8~12月齡)則改餵商售飼糧,如此可獲較佳之生長效果,並降低生產成本。本研究所測得鴕鳥之生長性狀、血清生化及屠體性狀,可供本省鴕鳥之血液生理、代謝、飼養管理及疾病診斷等相關研究之參考應用。
The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the effect of the growth performance、serum biochemical parameters and dressing characteristics of ostrich feeding Feed A and Feed B with napier grass. 16 ostriches of different age in both trials were divided equally into two groups fed Feed A and Feed B with napier grass ad libitum. The experimental period of both trials were 120 days. The results of trial 1 showed that body weight and forage intake in the two groups were no significantly different, but concentrate intake of Feed A group was significantly higher than those of Feed B group at each month of age ( P<0.05), and concentrate intake increased with months of age in both groups. Average gain and feed conversion of Feed A group were significantly higher than those of Feed B group at 5 and 6 months of age (P<0.05). The results of trial 2 showed that body weight and forage intake in both groups were no significantly different. Concentrate intake of Feed A group was significantly higher than those of Feed B group at 9 months of age (P<0.05). Concentrate intake and forage intake were declined with months of age in both groups. Average gain and feed conversion of Feed A group were significantly higher than those of Feed B group at 9 months of age (P<0.05), but the average gain and feed conversion of Feed B group was significantly higher than those of Feed A group at 10 months of age (P<0.05). The results of serum biochemical parameters in trial 1 showed that the concentration of serum triglyceride、 lipid、sodium、potassium、ionized calcium and lactate dehydrogenase activities were no significantly different in the two groups. Plasma glucose concentration of Feed B group was significantly higher than those of Feed A group at 4 and 5 months of age (P<0.05). Serum cholesterol concentration of Feed B group was significantly higher than those of Feed A group at 7 months of age (P<0.05). Serum total protein concentration of Feed A group was significantly higher than those of Feed B group at 7 months of age (P<0.05). Creatine kinase activities of Feed A group was significantly higher than those of Feed B group at 4 and 5 months of age (P<0.05). The results of serum biochemical parameters in trial 2 showed that serum total protein concentration of Feed B group was significantly higher than those of Feed A group at 7 months of age (P<0.05), and other parameters were no significantly different in both groups. The dressing characteristics of carcass weight、dressing percentage、boneless meat weight; the organ weight of heart、liver、skin and abdominal fat; the weight of proventriculus、gizzard、duodenum、jejunum、ileum、ceacum and colon-rectum were no significantly different in both groups. The growth performance of Feed A group was higher than those of Feed B group in trial 1, but there were no significantly different of both groups in trial 2. The cost of feed with Feed B group was cheaper than those of Feed A group, it was suggested that ostriches at 3-7 months of age should be fed with Feed A, and ostriches at 8-12 months of age should be fed with Feed B, therefore, better growth performance and least feed cost could be achieved. The growth performance、serum biochemical parameters and dressing characteristics of this research could provide information for blood biochemistry、metabolism、management and disease diagnosis of ostriches.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24990
其他識別: U0005-2008200813411300
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