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標題: 芻料餵飼台灣肉用山羊之飼養價值
Feeding value of forages for meat goats in Taiwan
作者: 王啟承
Wang, Chi-Cheng
關鍵字: Goat
Feeding value
出版社: 動物科學系所
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摘要: 壹、中文摘要 本研究目的為利用山羊生長性狀、營養分利用及飼糧成本等指標,評估餵飼肉用山羊之芻料之飼養價值。試驗一、採逢機完全區集設計,將8頭台灣肉用山羊逢機分配至8種飼糧處理組,重複2次。試驗期間14天,含7天適應期及7天收集期。8種處理組由4種芻料原料,即玉米青貯料、百慕達乾草、苜蓿粒及甘蔗渣,及2種餵飼方式任食及限食組合而成,結果顯示台灣肉用山羊之生長性狀、山羊之營養分利用主受芻料種類所影響,且以任食玉米青貯料最具飼養價值。試驗二、將8頭台灣肉用山羊逢機分配至芻精比為30:70(30 F)、50:50(50F)、70:30(70F)及100:0(100F)等4種飼糧處理,試驗期間14天,包括7天適應期及7天收集期。試驗依次以百慕達乾草、玉米青貯料、苜蓿粒及盤固拉乾草等為芻料來源,尋求最佳飼養價值之芻精比飼糧,並以玉米青貯料及苜蓿粒之可消化粗蛋白與可消化營養分之含量,建立玉米苜蓿係數。當百慕達乾草及玉米青貯料為飼糧芻料來源時,飼糧為30F及50F最具飼養價值,芻料來源為苜蓿粒及盤固拉乾草時,飼糧為30F最具飼養價值。試驗三、採完全逢機設計,將8頭台灣肉用山羊逢機分配至含4種不同芻料相同芻精比(乾基50:50)之飼糧,所用芻料有玉米青貯料(12.3 NT$/kg DM)、百慕達乾草(10.3 NT$/kg DM)、盤固拉乾草(8.51 NT$/kg DM)及苜蓿粒(17.3 NT$/kg DM)。試驗為期21天,包括14天適應期及7天收集期,結果顯示,餵予各芻料飼糧所致肉用山羊之日增重、飼料效率與飼糧攝取量均無顯著差異。與其他受試芻料比較,玉米青貯料餵予肉用山羊之總可消化營養分含量最高。肉用山羊餵予含玉米青貯料飼糧之每單位增重所耗之飼糧成本最低。綜上所述,當精料每公斤乾物價格為新台幣19.2元時,搭配玉米青貯料成芻精比50:50之飼糧餵飼台灣肉用山羊,較搭配其他芻料者更具飼養價值。以建立之玉米苜蓿係數評估各試驗飼糧之營養價值,依上述價格玉米青貯料、苜蓿粒、盤固拉乾草均具使用價值,而百慕達乾草之價格須降至每公斤乾物質新台幣10.2元以下才具使用價值。 (關鍵字:山羊、飼養價值、芻料)
捌、英文摘要 The purposes of this study were to use growth performance, nutrient utilization and feed cost to establish indexes for estimating feeding values of different forages fed to Taiwan meat goats. In experiment 1, random complete block design was used with two replicates regarded as blocks. Eight Taiwan meat goats were randomly distributed to eight treatments. The experiment lasted for 14 d including 7 d for ration adaptation and 7 d for sample collection. Eight treatments were combinations of four forages, i.e., corn silage (CS), burmuda hay (BH), alfalfa pellet (AP) and bagasse with 2 feeding levels. Results showed that growth performance of Taiwan meat goat and nutrient utilization by the goats were significantly different among the forages. Corn silage fed ad libitum had the greatest feeding value. In experiment 2, eight Taiwan meat goats were randomly distributed to eight individual cages for 4 dietary treatments. The experiment lasted for 14 d including 7 d for ration adaptation and 7 d for sample collection. The treatments were four forage to concentrate ratios, i.e., 30:70 (30F), 50:50 (50F), 70:30 (70F) and 100:0 (100F). The forages had been thus measured including CS, BH, AP and pangola hay (PH). The purposes of this experiment were to find out the optimal ratio for the greatest feeding value. A corn-alfalfa index was constructed by using digestible crude protein and total digestible nutrient contents of the two forages. The results showed that burmuda hay or corn siglage at ratios of 30F and 50F fed to goats had higher feeding values than those at other ratios. Alfalfa pellet and pangola hay at ratio of 30F fed to goats were the highest in feeding value. In experiment 3, complete random design was used with 8 Taiwan meat goats randomly distributed to 4 treatments which were comprised with 4 forages, i.e., BH (10.3 NT$/kg DM), CS (12.3 NT$/kg DM), PH (8.51 NT$/kg DM) and AP (17.3 NT$/kg DM) at the ratio of forage to concentrate as 50:50 on DM basis. The experiment lasted for 21 d including 14 d for ration adaptation and 7 d for sample collection. The results showed that average daily gain, feed efficiency and feed intake were not significantly different among goats fed with different forages. Comparing with the other forages, corn silage was the highest in total digestible nutrient content. Corn silage fed to goats resulted in the lowest dietary cost for weight gain (NT$/kg gain). In conclusion, when concentrate is 19.2 NT$/kg DM and ratio of forage to concentrate at 50:50, corn silage is the greatest in feeding value among the forages tested. According to the corn-alfalfa index thus constracted, corn silage, alfalfa pellet and pangola hay are valuable to use for feeding goats, burmuda hay, however, is not unless its lower than 10.2 NT$/kg DM. Key Word: Goat, Feeding value, Forage
其他識別: U0005-1808200914195100
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