Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25315
標題: 簡單籠飼豐富化對地方雞種日間作息行為之影響
The effect of simple cage enrichment on the daytime behavior of native chickens
作者: 方建仁
Fang, Jian-Ren
關鍵字: Enrichment cage
豐富化飼籠
Native chickens
Behavior
地方雞種
行為
出版社: 動物科學系所
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摘要: 在台灣,大部分的土種雞都是飼養於巴達利式(battery)雞籠,其狹窄的空間與貧乏的環境都對雞隻的福祉產生極大的影響。且歐盟為了顧及產蛋雞之福祉,於1999年宣布將於2012年後全面禁止使用巴達利式雞籠,因此未來許多的研究方向將轉向非傳統系統(如大鳥籠雞舍)與豐富化飼籠(enrichment cage)。本試驗之目的主要是在探討簡單籠飼豐富化對地方雞種日間作息行為之影響。本試驗使用信義、竹崎、花東、金門、石岐與名古屋等六保育雞種,試驗雞隻為45~51週齡,每個品系30隻雞,平分為處理組(雞籠前懸吊紅色尼龍繩)與對照組(沒有紅色尼龍繩)。共使用180隻雞作為此次之試驗動物。行為觀察之方式採掃描式採樣,每週觀察五天(分為產蛋日與休產日),觀察時間為早上5點至晚上7點,每個小時觀察一次以代表此時段雞隻之行為表現。行為觀察之項目分為:飲食、舒適、探索、休息、警覺與其他活動等六種行為。行為觀察結束後,進行驚嚇癱瘓(Tonic Immobility, TI)試驗,以探討各品系之雞隻對豐富化處理之害怕程度。結果顯示,對於雞隻的日間行為,懸吊紅色尼龍繩沒有什麼作用,但是品種與產蛋對行為有顯著影響。石歧有較高的休息行為與較低的舒適行為(P<0.05);花東有較高的探索行為與其他活動(P<0.05);竹崎、石歧與名古屋有較高的飲食行為(P<0.05);信義與金門則有較高的警覺行為(P<0.05)。休產日有較高的休息行為(P<0.05)。各品系於驚嚇癱瘓試驗之結果顯示,信義之TI秒數較高,推測此品系之雞隻其害怕程度較其他品系為高,金門與名古屋之TI秒數較低(P<0.05);處理組之TI秒數則較對照組為短 (P<0.05)。白血球計數的結果顯示,金門雞有最高的H:L比值(P<0.05),處理組與對照組之H:L比值則無顯著差異。生產性狀結果顯示,各品系之間的產蛋數與產蛋率有顯著的差異(P<0.05),處理組的產蛋數與產蛋率也高於對照組(P<0.05)。綜上所述,簡單豐富化環境雖然沒有改變雞隻行為,但可能已使牠們較不會害怕,且也能改進雞隻的產蛋性狀,但原因尚待進一步的探討。
The majority of country chicken breeders are kept in battery cage in Taiwan. The narrow space and bare environment have an enormous influence on the welfare of chickens. In June 1999 the new European Union Directive on welfare of laying hens was passed, and the directive requires phasing out the battery cages by 2012. Investigations into alternative systems (such as aviaries) and enrichment cages for laying hens should be conducted for the future. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a simple enrichment of cage environment on daytime behavior of native chickens. This study used the six conserved breed chickens which were named Hsin-Yi, Ju-Chi, Hua-Tung, Quemoy, Shek-Ki, and Nagoya. The chickens were 45~51 weeks age old. Each breed had 30 chickens, which were equally allocated to the treatment (hanging red nylon rope in front of the cage) and the control (no red nylon rope) groups. Totally, 180 chickens were used in this experiment. Scan sampling were used for the daytime observations, and it were carried out 5 days per week. The observed time was from 5:00 to 19:00, all birds were scanned once each hour to represent the behavior in the period. The behavior observed were categorized into: ingest, comfort, investigate, rest, alert and other activities. Tonic Immobility test (TI) was carried out after the behavior observation. The results indicated that though the simple environmental enrichment by hanging red nylon rope did not change chicken's daytime behavior, breeds and egg laying did have some significant effect. Compared to other breeds, Shek-Ki displayed more rest and less comfort behavior; Hua-Tung had more investigate behavior and other activities, Ju-Chi, Shek-Ki and Nagoya showed more ingest behavior, and Hsin-Yi and Quemoy displayed more alert behavior. All birds showed more rest behavior during the non-laying days. TI duration was longer for Hsin-Yi and shorter for Quemoy and Nagoya. The treatment group also had shorter TI duration than the control. White Blood Cell count''s result showed that the Quemoy has the highest H:L ratio, The treatment group did not significant difference with the control. The egg production result showed the egg production and laying rate had significant difference Between various breeds, the treatment group had higher egg production and laying rate with the control. Overall, the simple environmental enrichment although did not affect the hen's daytime behavior, it might have changed them to be less fearful. It can also improve the egg production of chicken, but the reason awaits the further discussion
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25315
其他識別: U0005-2008201014180700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2008201014180700
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