Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25571
標題: 不同地方雞種就巢與產蛋位置之選擇
Choice of nesting and laying location in different breeds of local chicken
作者: 周宜靜
Chou, I-Ching
關鍵字: 地方雞種
local chicken
就巢行為
產蛋位置
nesting behaviour
laying location
出版社: 動物科學系所
引用: Duncan, I. J. 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摘要: 中興大學長期進行雞種原保存的工作,這些保種雞長期被飼養在巴達利雞籠中,無法表現自然就巢行為,也許在這樣環境中繁殖,會漸漸失去就巢行為,不會去尋找隱密安全的地方產蛋。因此本篇論文為調查金門、信義、花東、竹崎、石歧與名古屋這六個長期保育品種,飼養在有提供巢箱的平飼環境中,其產蛋性能、使用巢箱的情形與產蛋位置是否有所差異。結果顯示,母雞開始產蛋的週齡,以金門於19週齡最早開產;名古屋於22週齡最晚開產,其他四個品種同於20週齡開始產蛋。產蛋率以竹崎為最高,其次依序為金門、信義、名古屋與花東,而石歧的產蛋率顯著低於其他品種。巢箱的使用頻率,以竹崎為最高,且於25-28wk階段使用頻率指數達高峰為45%,其喜好使用巢箱位置為上層角落;其次為信義,於21-24wk階段達高峰為28%,且維持此頻率至40週齡,其喜好巢箱位置為下層角落;名古屋最少使用巢箱,全期使用頻率指數低於3%,因此無法分辨其喜好位置。除此之外,金門、石歧與名古屋多產蛋於地面,地面蛋占總蛋數的比例分別為72%、 69% 與100% ,其於地面產蛋位置之選擇,金門喜好靠近內側走道較陰暗的角落,石岐與名古屋喜好巢箱下的位置。信義與竹崎則多產蛋於巢箱,巢箱蛋占總蛋數的比例分別為98% 與99%,其巢箱產蛋位置的喜好與巢箱活動位置相同。而花東則兩重複(雞欄)之間差異較大,巢箱蛋占總蛋數的比例為65% 與22%,不過兩重複於地面產蛋位置皆喜好靠近內側走道較陰暗的角落,而其巢箱產蛋位置喜好下層角落。綜合上述結果,各地方雞種在就巢與產蛋位置所展現之行為差異甚大,竹崎與信義為較喜愛使用巢箱的品種,名古屋幾乎不使用巢箱,金門、花東與石岐使用巢箱的情形則介於其中。
National Chung-Hsing University have preserved local chicken breeds for a long time. The hens are kept in battery cages and could not display the natural nesting behavior. It is suspected that reproduction in such environment, these local chickens might lose their nesting behavior gradually and no longer going to find a secluded place to lay eggs. Therefore, this study aims to investigate whether there is any difference among these six long-term preserved breeds of local chicken (Quemoy, Hsin-Yi, Hua-Tun, Ju-Chi, Shek-Ki and Nagoya) in egg production, nest using and egg laying location. Results revealed that for the onset of egg production, Quemoy was the first to lay at 19 weeks of age, while Hsin-Yi, Hua-Tun, Ju-Chi and Shek-Ki started to at 20 weeks of age, and Nagoya was the last to lay at 22 weeks of age. For hen-day egg production, Ju-Chi had the highest, while Shek-Ki had the lowest performance. The nest box using frequency index peaked at 45% during 25-28 wk of age in Ju-chi which preferred nest box at the corner of the upper tier, while Hsin-Yi peaked at 28% during 21-24 wk of age and preferred nests at the corner of the lower tier, and the index of Nagoya was less than 3% and no evidence to show any preference of nest location. Most hens of Quemoy, Shek-Ki and Nagoya laid eggs on the floor rather than in the nest box, and the ratio of floor eggs over total eggs were 72%, 69%, and 100% respectively. Furthermore, Quemoy preferred to lay in the darker corner near the central aisle, and Shek-Ki and Nagoya preferred to lay under the nest box. Most hens of Ju-Chi and Hsin-Yi laid in the nest box, and the ratio of nest-box eggs over total eggs were 98% and 99% , and this result consistent with the nesting activity. As for Hua-Tun, results of two replicates (pens) were quite different, and the ratios of nest eggs over total eggs were 65% and 22%; however, hens in both replicates preferred to lay near the darker corner near the central aisle for floor eggs and the corner nest in the lower tier for nest eggs. In conclusion, there are great difference in nesting behavior among different breeds; in these local chicken, Ju-Chi and Hsin-Yi preferred to use nest box than other breeds, and Nagoya can use it scarcely.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25571
其他識別: U0005-0108201214114500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0108201214114500
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