Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27200
標題: 泰國再生能發展源策略分析:以利用稻殼發電為例
Renewable Energy Development Policy Analysis:A Case Study on Renewable Electricity Generation Using Rice Husk in Thailand
作者: 李財興
Ueasin, Nattanin
關鍵字: Renewable electricity
再生電力
renewable energy plan
biomass power plant
transportation cost
inventory management
再生能源計畫
生質能源電廠
運輸成本
存貨成本
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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摘要: To encourage renewable energy generation and usage, the Thai Government established the 15-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP); one of the supporting schemes of this plan is an adder tariff policy that is the key factor to promote renewable electricity utilization. By focusing on Small Power Producers (SPP) and Very Small Power Producers (VSPP), renewable electricity generation increased from 16% of total electricity generation in 1995 to 29% in 2011 because the government increased the adder tariff to buy electricity. Biomass is the most utilized energy source used in renewable electricity generation. Among all biomass energy sources in Thailand, rice husk has relatively stable and abundant supply especially in the Northeast region of Thailand the place that has a lot of lowest income farmer. Therefore, a network linear programming model and inventory management are built to investigate the key issues for the sustainable development of electrical power generation using rice husk in Northeastern Thailand. The results show that production areas with relatively higher supply quantity play the key roles in regional rice husk power generation development. Comparing the transportation cost in three different cases, we found that the cost will only increase moderately as new power plants are added into the Northeastern Thailand region. In terms of transportation, the cost-effective distance should be less than 60, 80, and 100 km from the power plant to the rice husk suppliers' district center in cases 3, 6, and 7 power plants in the electricity market, respectively. One of the major contribution of this study is that we incorporated rice husk heat depreciation and seasonal supply patterns, into power plant inventory management models. The results show that seasonal variation of rice husk supply is the key factor that has major effects on the inventory cost while rice husk heating depreciation only has minor effects. This implies that power plants should employ different inventory management programs for high and low seasons to minimize their total inventory costs. Renewable electricity development in Thailand is in the initial period of development as a part of the long history of Thailand's electricity industry, so it needs to be looked after, more experience needs to be gained from trial and error, and financial support has to be provided.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27200
其他識別: U0005-0806201213085900
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0806201213085900
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