Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27394
標題: 氣候變遷對台灣珊瑚礁的經濟影響之估計
Estimating the Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Taiwan Coral Reef
作者: 許舒涵
Hsu, Shu-Han
關鍵字: Climate Change
氣候變遷
Contingent Valuation Method
Willingness to pay
Carol Reefs
條件評估法
願付價值
珊瑚礁
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
引用: 一、中文部分: 方立行,1987,「珊瑚之美-臺灣海域奇景」,漢光文化事業股份有限公司。 方立行,1989,「珊瑚學-兼論台灣的珊瑚資源」,教育部大學聯合出版委員會。 王昭正、陳益壯、陳建信,2001,奧萬大森林遊樂區遊客付費意願分析-多指標多因子模式之應用,農業經濟半年刊,70:91-115。 內政部戶政司全球資訊網,http://www.ris.gov.tw/,2011/1/12進入。 台灣珊瑚礁總體檢,http://reefcheck.blogspot.com/,2010/10/15進入。 台灣環境資訊協會,http://e-info.org.tw/,2011/5/20進入。 林隆全,2004,全民健保實施前後健康效益評估之比較,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。 何立德、王鑫、戴昌鳳,2002,「台灣的珊瑚礁」,遠足文化事業有限公司。 李適永,1999,「消失中的台灣珊瑚礁」,大地地理出版事業股份公司。 陳芷瑜,2006,生物多樣性價值評估之全面性探討,國立暨南大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。 陳建明、莊慶達、陳凱俐、鄭蕙燕、蕭景楷、吳佩瑛、王鴻濬、錢玉蘭、黃文琪、林俊昇、張四立、許志義,2003,「自然資源與環境經濟學-理論基礎與本土案例分析」,雙葉書廊有限公司。 吳俊賢、劉瓊霦、陳溢宏、陳麗琴、林俊成,2006,六龜試驗林森林生態系經營經濟效益評估之研究,臺灣林業科學,21(2):191。 吳佩瑛、劉哲良、蘇明達,2005,受訪金額在開放選擇條件評估支付模式的作用-引導或是誤導,農業經濟半年刊,77:1-37。 陳怡君,2008,連續式血糖監測儀之效益評估,逢甲大學財稅研究所碩士論文。 陳凱莉,1997,自然資源之經濟效益評估-以宜蘭縣蘭陽溪口為例,台灣銀行季刊,48(4):153-190。 張軒瑄,2010,福山植物園遊客對生態旅遊之解說服務與環境維護願付價格之研究,觀光旅遊研究學刊,5(1):57。 張意滄,2005,氣候變遷對自然資源非市場財價值之影響-以櫻花鉤吻鮭為例,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。 黃宗煌,1989,台灣地區國家公園之保育效益的評估,台灣銀行季刊,41(3):282-304。 黃淑娟,2010,外來種植物入侵對台灣農業部門之經濟影響分析-以小花蔓澤蘭為例,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。 趙世民、蘇焉,2000,「海中的熱帶雨林-珊瑚礁」,國立自然科學博物館。 賴明洲、呂適仲、薛怡珍,2000,雪霸國家公園發展生態旅遊之遊憩資源效益評估-以武陵遊憩區為例,東海學報,41:175-186。 鄭蕙燕和林政德,1998,條件評估法之嵌入效果:台灣野生動物保護區之驗證,農業經濟半年刊,64:125-153。 蕭代基、鄭蕙燕、吳佩瑛、錢玉蘭、溫麗琪,2002,「環境保護之成本效益分析:理論、方法與應用」,俊傑。 戴昌鳳、宋克義、鄭明修、陳昭倫、樊同雲,2002,台灣珊瑚礁現況調查,行政院農業委員會委託研究計畫報告。 戴昌鳳,2002,氣候變遷、珊瑚白化與珊瑚礁的未來,全球變遷通訊雜誌,35:1-25。 戴昌鳳、蔡宛栩、洪聖雯,2005,子計畫:氣候變遷對珊瑚及其他稀有海洋生物之衝擊評估及因應策略研究,行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫。 戴昌鳳、蔡宛栩、洪聖雯、周郁翔、鄭怡安,2006,子計畫三:氣候變遷與異常對我國海域珊瑚礁生物群聚之衝擊評估及因應策略研究,環保署/國科會空污防制科研合作計畫。 戴昌鳳、吳岱穎,2007,建立氣候變遷對環境與生態永續性衝擊預警指標與機制--子計畫三:建立氣候變遷對我國海域珊瑚礁預警指標與機制,行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫。 戴昌鳳,2008,氣候變遷對海洋生物的影響,林業研究專訊,15(2):16-19。 二、英文部分 Alberini, A., 1995, “Optimal Designs for Discrete Choice Contingent Valuation Surveys: Single-Bound, Double-Bound, and Bivariate Models,” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 28:287-306. Andy S.C., Brent W.R., Franco P., Jeff B., 2010, “Economic Valuation of Cultural Heritage Sites: A Choice Modeling Approach, ” Tourism Management 31:213-220. Anthony K.R.N. and Connolly S.R., 2007, “Bleaching, Energetics, and Coral Mortality Risk: Effects of Temperature ,Light, and Sediment Regime,” Limnol. Ocemogr. 52(2):716-726. Baker, A.C., Glynn, P.W., Riegl, B., 2008, “Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 80:435-471. Becker, N., Choresh, Y., Bahat, O., Inbar, M., 2009, “Economic Analysis of Feeding Stations as a Means to Preserve an Endangered Species: the Case of Griffon Vulture (Gyps Fulvus) in Lsrael,” Journal for Nature Conservation 17:199-211. Bhat, M.G., 2002, “Application of Non-Market Valuation to the Florida Keys Marine Reserve Management,” Journal of Environmental Management 67(4):315-325. Brander, L.M., Beukering, P.V., Ceasr, H.S.J., 2007, “The Recreational Value of Coral Reefs: a Meta-Analysis,” Ecological Economics 63:209-218. Brown, B.E., 1997, “Coral Bleaching: Causes and Consequences,” Coral Reefs.16:129-138. Birkeland, C., 1997, “Life and Death of Coral Reefs,” Chapman & Hall, New York. Bishop, R. C. and T. A. Heberlein (1979), “Measuring Values of Extramarket Goods: Are Indirect Measures Biased?” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 61:926-930. Bowker J. M.and Stoll John R., 1988 “Use of Dichotomous Choice Nonmarket Methods to Value the Whooping Crane Resource.” Agricultural & Applied Economics Association, P.372-381.Cited in 陳怡君(2008) Casey, J.F., Brown, C., Schuhmann, P., 2010, “Are Tourists Willing to Pay Additional Fees to Protect Corals in Mexico?” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(4):557-573. Cesar, H.S.J.,2002, “Coral Reefs: Their Functions, Threats and Economic Value,” Collected Essays on the Economics of Coral Reefs, - mcatoolkit.org. Ciriacy – Wantrup S.V., 1947, “Capital Return from Soil Conservation Practices,” Farm Economics. 29:1181-1196. Dai, C.F., K. Soong, J.S. Huang, C.A. Chen, T.Y. Fan, Hsieh, J.S. Chang, 2004, “Status of Coral Reef of Taiwan,” Status of Coral Reef of the World: 2004 Volume2 Edited by Clive Wilkinson, P.153-164. Davis, P.K., 1963, “Recreational Planning as An Economic Problem,” Natural Resource Journal 3(2):239-249. Edinger, E.N., Risk, M.J., 2000, “Reef Classification by Coral Morphology Predicts Coral Reef Conservation Value,” Biology Conserve.,92:1-13. .Cited in 戴昌鳳(2006) Jun, E., Kim, W.J., Jeong, Y.H., Chang, S.H., 2010, “Measuring the Social Value of Nuclear Energy Using Contingent Valuation Methodology,” Energy Policy 38:1470-1476. GCRMN, 2010, “Climate Change and Coral Reefs: Consequences of Inaction,” International Coral Reef Initiative by Clive Wilkinson of the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network. Gleason, D.F. and G..M. Wellington, 1993, “Ultraviolet Radiation and Coral Bleaching,” Nature 365:836-838. Glynn, P.E., 1996, “Coral reef bleaching: facts, hypotheses and implications,” Global Change Biology 2:495-509. Havell, C.D., Kim, K., Burkholder, J. M., Colwell, R.R., Epstein, P,R., Grimes, D.J., Hofmann, E.E. Lipp, E.K., Osterhaus, A.D., Overstreet, R.M., Smith, G.W., Vasta, G.R., 1999, “Emerging Marine Diseases-Climate Links and Anthropogenic Factors,” Science 285:1505-1510. Hoegh-Guldberg, O., 1999, “Climate Change, Coral Bleaching and the Future of the World’s Coral Reefs,” Mar. Freshwater Res.50:839-866. Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H., Bellwood, D.R., Card, M., Connolly, S.R., Folk, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J.B.C., Kleypas, J., Lough, J.M., Marshall, P., Nystrom, M., Palumbi, S.R., Pandolfi, J. M., Rosen, B., Roughgraden, J., 2003, “Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs,” Scinece.301:929-933. Hanemann, Micheal, John Loomis, and Barbara Kanninem, 1991, “Statistical Efficiency of Double-bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation,” American Journal of Agricultural Econmics 74(4):1255-1263. IPCC Working Group I, 2001, Climate Change, 2001-The Scientific Basis: Contribution of Working Group I, to the third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change, Edited by J.T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C.A. Jonson, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. IPCC Working Group II, 2007, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Edited by M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson (eds) , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Kanninen, B., 1993, “Optimal Experimental Design for Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation,” Land Economics 69(2):138-146. Kleypas, J.A., Buddemeier, R.W., Archer, D., Gattuso, J.P., Langdon, C., Opdyke, B.N., 1999, “Geochemical Consequences of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Coral Reefs,” Science 284:118-120. Moberg, F. and Folke, C., 1999, “Ecological Goods and Services of Coral Reef Ecosystems,” Ecological Economics 29:215-233. Odum, H.T., and Odum, E.P., 1995, “Trophic Structure and Productivity of a Windward Coral Reef Community on Eniwetok Atoll,” Ecological Monographs 25(8):291-319. Richmond, R.H., 1993, “Coral Reefs: Present Problems and Future Concerns Resulting from Anthropogenic Disturbance,” Amer. Zool. 33:524-536. Seenprachawong, U., 2003, “Economic Valuation of Coral Reefs at Phi Phi Islands, Thailand,” International Journal of Global Environmental 43(1)”104-114. Spash, C.L., JD van der Werfften Bosch, Westmacott, S., 2000, “Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Coral Reefs: Decision Support Modeling,” The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. 128-156. Simpson, S.N. and Hanna, B.G., 2010, “Willingness to Pay for a Clear Night Sky: Use of the Contingent Valuation Method,” Applied Economics Letters 17:1095-1103. Smith, S.V. and Buddemeier, R.W., 1992, “Global Change and Coral Reef Ecosystems,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23:89-118. Souter, D.W., and Linden, O., 2000, “The Health and Future of Coral Reef Systems,” Ocean & Coastal Management 43:657-688. Tseng, W.C. and Chen C.C., 2008, “Valuing the Potential Economic Impact of Climate Change on the Taiwan Trout,” Ecological Economics 65:282-291. NOAA Panel Guidelines for Value Elicitation Surverys, 1993, Federal Register, 58(10):4601-4614. Wlikinosn, C.R., 1999, “Global Change and Coral Reefs: Impacts on Reefs, Economies and Human Cultures,” Global Change Biology.2:547-558.
摘要: 自工業革命以來,全球人口的增加、工業的快速發展及經濟活動的頻繁,加速了全球溫室氣體的排放,以致使全球氣候的變化,如氣候暖化、海水平面上升、極端氣候、臭氧層破洞太陽輻射增強等異常現象,這些現象都將造成對環境條件敏感的生物面臨重大生存的威脅。 珊瑚礁是最具生產力及生物多樣性的生態系,其支持了整個海洋生態和社會經濟的發展。然而珊瑚礁是一種對環境條件相當挑剔的海洋生物,其分佈深受環境限制,尤其是海水溫度。近年來由於氣候異常及其他因素已導致全球珊瑚礁大規模白化或死亡,台灣之珊瑚礁生態也不例外。 本研究透過條件評估法的方式評估在氣候變遷下對台灣珊瑚礁所造成衝擊影響的價值衡量。由於珊瑚礁無交易市場,所以並沒有市場價格來反映其資源的經濟效益,因此需建立一個虛擬市場來評估其價值。詢價方式採用封閉式詢價法中的單界二元選擇法及雙界二元選擇法,並利用親自面訪的方式詢問受訪民眾在珊瑚礁受氣候變遷影響,而各地區物種幾乎無法繼續生存時,為了使珊瑚礁物種豐富維持現況,民眾對於珊瑚礁保育及復育的願付價值。結果發現:民眾願付價值介於新台幣1,402元~新台幣1,993元之間,而全台灣民眾之總願付價值介於163億8,938萬元至232億9,817萬元之間。 根據本研究的估計結果,顯示台灣珊瑚礁在民眾心中有很高的價值。台灣珊瑚礁不僅物種豐富,擁有全球大約三分之一之的種類,更為全國民眾共同擁有之珍貴資產,因此全國民眾應該多加愛惜這項生態資產,而政府更應該好好維護使其永續生存。
After the Industrial Revolution, the growth of global population, rapid and frequent industrial development and economic activities accelerated the emission of global greenhouse gas, which leaded to global climate change, such as climate warming, sea level rising, extreme weathers, holes in the ozone layer and the radiation enhancement, all of the phenomena will threaten to creatures that are sensitive to environmental conditions. Coral reefs are the most productive and biodiversity ecosystems, which supports the entire marine ecosystem and socio-economic development. However, the coral reefs are very sensitive to environmental conditions, and its distribution is constrained by environment, especially water temperature. Recently, since climate changes and other factors have led to massive bleaching and death of coral reefs worldwide, there is no exception in Taiwan's coral reef ecosystems. This study explores the value of Taiwan's coral reefs under the impact of climate change through Contingent Valuation Method (CVM). Because coral reefs do not have a trading market, and there is no market price to reflect the economic benefits of its resources, we need to establish a virtual market to estimate its value. This study adopts the closed trial of single bounded dichotomous choice method and the double bounded dichotomous choice method to estimate consumers' willingness to pay for coral reefs in order to protect them from being influenced by climate change and maintain the abundant of the species. The questionnaires showed that: interviewed customers' willingness to pay is between 1,402 NTD to 1,993 NTD each person, and the total willingness to pay in Taiwan is between 16.39 billion NTD to 23.29 billion NTD. According to results of this study, the value of coral reefs for Taiwanese is pretty high. Not only because the coral reefs in Taiwan have about one-third species, but also because they are precious assets owned by all of us, we as residents should protect the national ecological assets, and the Government should maintain their survival.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27394
其他識別: U0005-2007201111382800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2007201111382800
Appears in Collections:應用經濟學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.