Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27809
標題: 保育鯨魚與捕鯨之經濟價值比較
The Analysis of Economic Value between Conserving and Catching Whales
作者: 顏雪如
Yen, Hsueh-Ju
關鍵字: whale watching
賞鯨
whaling
Economic Value
捕鯨
經濟價值
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
引用: 中文部份 日本小型捕鯨協會,1985,事業成績報告書,取自 http://homepage2.nifty.com/jstwa/pdf/S60.pdf 日本小型捕鯨協會,1982,事業成績報告書,取自http://homepage2.nifty.com/jstwa/pdf/S57.pdf 沈珍珍,2003,「台灣賞鯨豚活動之遊憩效益分析」,國立海洋大 學應用經濟研究所碩士論文。 周蓮香,1998,「台灣海域賞鯨(豚)生態旅遊潛力調查與研究」,交通部觀光局。 周蓮香、宋秉明,游文志、林雅蓉,2001,「2001年台灣賞鯨活動現況調查報告」,中華鯨豚協會。 周蓮香、葉建成、陳怡安、游文志,2000,東海岸鯨類資源調查計畫研究成果編輯,台北市:台灣大學。 黃文星,2001,「台灣東部海岸賞鯨旅遊市場之分析」,台灣土地金融季刊,第38卷第3期,頁185-203。 鄭蕙燕和李彥穎,2003,「賞鯨生態旅遊對花東地區之經濟衝擊評估」,農業經濟半年刊,國立中興大學農業經濟學系。 英文部分 Alexander, Gillespie, 2000. “ The Bi-culture Relationship with Whales: Between Progress , Success and Conflict. ” Waikato University. Judge Mick Brown at FRSTResearch Programme. American Cetacean Society, 2004. “Blue Whale ( Balaenoptera musculus ). ” San Pedro: American Cetacean Society. Ávila F. S., and L. Saad A, 1998. “Valuation of gray and humpback whales in Mexico.” In Economic Aspects of Biodiversity in Mexico, p123–143. Berrow, S, 2003. “An assessment of the framework, legislation and monitoring required to develop genuinely sustainable whalewatching.” In Marine Ecotourism: Issues and Experiences. Eds. Garrod, B and Wilson. J. Channel View Publications. ISBN 1-853150-42-3. pages 66-78. Bill, Kovarik, 2004. “Death of the whale oil myth ( History of Technology ) ” available from http://www.radford.edu/~wkovarik/misc/blog/8.whaleoil.html Chien, Yu-Lan. 1994. “Valuing Environmental Amenities with Combining Revealed and Stated Preference Information: An Application to Gray Whales in California Dissertaion” in Agriculture Economics in the Office of Graduate Studies of the University of California Davis. IFAW( International Fund for Animal welfare ), 2005. “The Growth of the New Zealand Whale Watching Industry. ” GJ Financial Consulting, 2005. “ The Whale Meat Market ” Hoyt, E, 1999. “ The Potential of Whale-watching in the Caribbean: 1999+. Bath: Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society. ” Hoyt,E, 2001. “ Whale Watching 2001: Worldwide tourism numbers, expenditures, and expanding socioeconomic benefits. ” International Fund for Animal Welfare, Yarmouth Port, MA, USA, pp. i–vi; 1–158. International Whaling Commission, 2006. “The Schedule to the Convention, paragraph. 10(e). ”London: International Whaling Commission. International Whaling Commission, 2006. “Annul Meeting-2006 Meeting. ” London: International Whaling Commission. ” International Whaling Commission, 2006. “Whale Population Estimates.” London: International Whaling Commission. Mick McIntyre, 2001. “The Growth and Socioeconomic Value of the Whale Watch Industry Worldwide. ” IFAW, pp29. Oliver Moor, 2001. “ Whale Meat Again. ” available from http://www.hackwriters.com/whalemeat.htm Orams, Mark B, 2002. “Humpback Whales in Tonga: An Economic Resource for Tourism.” 30 Coastal Management 361-380. The World Conservation Union, 2006. “ Summary Statistics for Globally Threatened Species. ” Trond et al, 2004. “International Management Strategies for a Straddling Fish Stock : A Bio-Economic Simulation Model of the Norwegian Spring-Spawning Herring Fishery. ” Environmental & Resource Economics 29: 435-457. Richard D. Horan, 1998. “ Optimal Management of Multiple Renewable Resource Stocks : An Application to Minke Whales. ” Environmental and Resource Economics 13: 435–458. “ Rock art hints at whaling origins. ” 2004. BBC NEWS, 20 April, Tue. available from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3638853.stm Warburton, C, 1999. “ Marine wildlife tourism and whale-watching on the Island of Mull, West Scotland. ” Masters Thesis. University of Kent. 102pp. WHALESAFARI, 2007. “ The whale – Minke Whale .”available from http://www.whalesafari.com/a/?id=60&vn=738
摘要: 國際捕鯨委員會於西元1986年實行商業捕鯨禁令,禁止任何以商業目的捕捉販售鯨魚的行為,但有許多贊成開放捕鯨的國家認為鯨魚數量過多已威脅到當地的漁業或者認為捕鯨為其國家文化的一部份而提倡廢除商業捕鯨禁令。2006年國際捕鯨委員會第58屆例行性會議中,贊成重新開放捕鯨的國家以一票之差的優勢要求國際捕鯨委員會廢除1986年實施至今的商業捕鯨禁令。因此本文之研究目的為探討重新開放捕鯨是否有其必要性,亦即去比較未來開放捕鯨後,捕鯨所增加之經濟市場價值與保育鯨魚所減少之非市場價值以作為是否開放捕鯨之參考依據。 捕鯨的市場價值估計是先透過建立鯨魚生物成長模型後去模擬未來鯨魚母體數及捕捉數去得知鯨魚肉及油的供給函數,之後再建立鯨魚肉及油之需求函數,將兩者結合後,去計算出未來若開放捕鯨後,鯨魚肉及油的經濟市場價值。保育鯨魚的非市場價值估計是透過Meta-analysis所建立之計量迴歸模型,若未來開放捕鯨,則其所造成的鯨魚數量減少會使得其在生態及賞鯨等價值的減少,因此可藉由此迴歸模型,去計算每年因開放捕鯨所造成之賞鯨減少價值。 研究結果顯示,以經濟面來看,若未來決議開放捕鯨,其開放比例應維持在一小額開放比例下,如0.05%下,賞鯨所減少之非市場價值才不會低於捕鯨所增加之經濟價值,亦即有正效果產生。此外,依據國際捕鯨委員會所設定之修正管理程序,若決議開放捕鯨,則其開放捕捉比例為0.5%,而在此開放捕捉比例下,以長期面來看,賞鯨減少之經濟價值會高於捕鯨所增加之經濟價值,此結果可作為未來是否開放捕鯨之參考依據。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27809
其他識別: U0005-1307200711545300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1307200711545300
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