Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27920
標題: 台灣農產品進口政策偏好之經濟分析
An Economic Analysis on the Preference of Agricultural Import Policy in Taiwan
作者: 徐源清
Hsu, Yuan-Chinh
關鍵字: policy weight
政策權數
policy preference
import penetration
market access
the staging of market access
政策偏好
進口滲透
市場進入
階段性市場開放
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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摘要: 台灣加入WTO而逐步開放農產品之進口,農產品貿易政策朝向國際化與自由化之路邁進,為分析階段性開放經濟下之政策偏好,本研究結合Maggi與Rodriguez-Clare (2000)「標準短期政治經濟模型」所建立之社會福利函數,及Goldberg與Maggi (1994)「銷售保護模型」中進口滲透率的分析概念,建立進口政策偏好函數,推導而得「進口滲透率模型」,再搭配需求面條件,建立一般化之「農產品進口政策偏好模型」,應用生產者收益、進口配額租及關稅收益等相對於消費者剩餘之政治邊際權數,分析衡量政府之進口政策對生產者、消費者、進口商與政府等四個利益團體間利益選擇之偏好行為。 本研究選擇稻米、香蕉、梨、蘋果及牛肉等5項具階段代表性農產品,對所建立之「農產品進口政策偏好模型」進行實證,透過產品間各利益團體政治邊際權數之比較分析,瞭解政府採差異化階段性開放進口之政策偏好行為。實證結果支持政治邊際權數的觀念,確能對開放貿易體制提供更簡易且更多的經濟參考。 實證結果亦發現,進口政策開放本身非影響各利益團體利益之主要關鍵因素,但對於各利益團體所獲之產品價格給予政策上應有的關注才是焦點。因此,開放進口後之後續管理,建議加強改善農業軟硬體基礎建設與國產農產品行銷,以使農民所獲價格提高,增加生產者利益。如有農產品因開放而受損時,宜擴大輔導農民爭取受進口損害救助。 「農產品進口政策偏好模型」經本研究實證得以應用於分析進口政策偏好,未來如能針對其它產品進行全面研究,並將之列出偏好優先順序,可作為未來進行貿易談判之基礎資訊,並建議未來能將其擴大應用於跨國之比較,或進行跨部門之分析。
The agricultural market of Taiwan has been opened to foreign countries progressively after joining in the WTO in 2002. The agricultural import policy of Taiwan has been on their way of internationalization and liberalization since then. To investigate the effects of economic preference on the import policy empirical, we incorporate Grossman-Helpman's “protection for sale” model, namely, the political economy of trade protection explained by the import penetration ratio, with Maggi and Rodrigues-Clare's “standard short-run political economy” model, regarding to the government's objective is taken to be a weighted sum of consumers' surplus, producers' surplus, quota rents to importers and revenue from trade policy. We employ a generalized government utility maximization model of agricultural import policy to estimate the political marginal weights of government's policy preference among the surplus of producer, consumer, importer, and taxpayer. This study also has developed five empirical models of Taiwan's import policies on rice, banana, pear, apple and beef, which are on behalf of the stages of market access in agricultural market, to find the economic effects. By examining the political marginal weights of various interest groups, we find out the government's preference of differentiated speed strategies on import policies of different products. We also present the empirical application of political marginal weights, which emerge more economic implication on open economy. The empirical results are also emerged that the key factor of interest group's gains is the price they met, not the market access policy. Obviously, the management of market access is more important. We suggest that the government should pay more attention to improve the infrastructure of agriculture, the marketing of agricultural product, and assist them to apply the injured aids of agricultural import. The appliance of the generalized agricultural import policy preference model has been explored. It should contribute to the trade negotiation in the future if it can apply to all of the domestic agricultural products. We suggest that the model can be used to the comparison of the multinational or interdepartmental analysis in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27920
其他識別: U0005-2208200717054800
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208200717054800
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