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標題: 單次不同型態的運動對於餐後血脂肪的影響
The Effects of Different Types of Acute Exercise on Postprandial Lipemia
作者: 陳柏文
Chen, Po-Wen
關鍵字: 耐力運動
endurance exercise
resistance exercise
oral fat tolerance test
出版社: 運動與健康管理研究所
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摘要: 在多數的研究中,大多是探討單一運動對於血脂肪的差異,很少研究同時探討阻力運動與耐力運動,對於餐後血脂肪的影響。過去研究認為單次耐力運動過 後,能夠降低餐後血脂肪;在阻力運動方面,目前還沒有一致的結論。本研究主要比較單次的耐力運動和阻力運動對於高脂肪餐後血脂肪反應的差異。研究對象為健康年輕男性,共6名受試者,平時具有規律運動習慣,但沒有受過專業運動訓練。實驗設計採交叉隨機的方式。所有受試者皆會完成三次實驗,每次實驗皆進行兩天,每次實驗間隔一週,阻力運動完會休息兩週,盡量排除肌肉損傷的影響。受試者會在第一天下午5-6點先進行一小時試驗。分為耐力運動組(50% VO2max的走路)、阻力運動組(十種動作、12 RM、2組)或休息(控制組)。試驗結束後,我們給予相同的食物作為晚餐。受試者在第二天早上回到實驗室,採集空腹血液,採集完畢後會食用高脂肪餐,並在實驗室休息及觀察六小時。研究結果發現耐力運動組在三酸甘油脂曲線下增加面積顯著低於控制測試(P=0.038);在血漿胰島素、葡萄糖、游離脂肪酸、甘油、D-3-Hydroxybutyrate、高密度脂蛋白膽固醇、總膽固醇、CK及LDH濃度皆無顯著差異。主要發現為進行單次中等強度的耐力運動能夠有效降低餐後三酸甘油酯的反應;在阻力運動方面,發現單次的阻力運動則沒有降低餐後血脂肪的效果。
Objective: Most studies were set to investigate the effect of acute endurance exercise on postprandial lipemia. There were limited studies investigating the effect of resistance exercise and endurance exercise on postprandial lipemia. Previous studies concluded that postprandial lipemia could be reduced after a acute endurance exercise. However, there is no consensus when it comes to resistance exercise. Methods: Subjects were 6 recreationally trained men aged 21.7±1.4 years. Each participant completed 3 experimental trials. Each trial lasted for 2 days and was separated a week apart in order to rule out the effect of muscle damage, all the participants took two week recess after resistance exercise. On day 1, the subject had an hour trail on both endurance exercise (50% VO2max walk) and resistance exercise (ten kinds of resistance exercise, 12 RM, 2 sets) or rest (control). After the test, we provided the subject identical dinner. In the following morning, subjects’ fasting blood samples were collected and then consumed the oral fat tolerance meals. All the subjects were asked to rest for 6 hours. Result: Endurance exercise significantly reduced triglyceride IAUC compared to control group (P=0.038). There were no significant differences on plasma insulin, glucose, Non-esterified fatty acid, glycerol, D-3-Hydroxybutyrate, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, cholesterol, CK and LDH concentrations. Conclusions: The current study suggested the endurance exercise significantly reduced postprandial lipemia when compared to control group. There was no significant effect of resistance exercise on postprandial lipemia.
其他識別: U0005-3007201315530500
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