Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28119
標題: 葉菜類蔬菜有機質肥培管理之研究
Studies of the management practices of organic fertilizers on leafy vegetables
作者: 李建漢
Li, Jian-Han
關鍵字: Organic fertilizer
有機質肥料
Composted animal manure
Soybean meal
Nutrient availability
Fertilization
禽畜糞堆肥
豆粕
養分有效性
施肥策略
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 有機質肥料的肥培管理影響有機農業的成敗。本試驗以豆粕和禽畜糞堆肥兩種分解速率不同的有機質肥料進行室內培育,藉由不同劑量尿素、過磷酸鈣、禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕的施用的經時變化,以求出禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕在不同時間之氮肥和磷肥取代能力,另於大肚山土壤(pH 6.0)進行盆栽試驗,以評估禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕的不同組合(用量、時間)處理對第一作蕹蔡和第二作小白菜之產量、養分吸收量和土壤肥力之影響。 本試驗共有四種肥料單施處理,對照組(CK)、化學肥料組(CF)、禽畜糞堆肥組(Cam)和豆粕組(Sm),及三種禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕混合處理〔作物氮需求1/2估算之禽畜糞堆肥用量配合氮需求1/2估算之豆粕用量之處理(CS1)、作物氮需求2/3估算之禽畜糞堆肥用量配合氮需求1/3估算之豆粕用量之處理(CS2)和作物氮需求1/3估算之禽畜糞堆肥用量為基肥配合氮需求2/3估算之豆粕用量分兩次於第12天、24天施用之處理(CS3),於大肚山土壤(pH 6.0)進行第一作蕹菜和第二作小白菜之盆栽試驗〕。培育結果顯示,禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕於大肚山土壤的氮釋出率分別為,41% 和56 % ,而磷釋出率則分別為30 % 和14 % 。盆栽試驗之結果顯示,禽畜糞堆肥單施或與豆粕的混施皆能顯著的提昇作物產量及土壤養分有效性,惟豆粕施用後易長霉,故施入土壤後先靜置一週後再播種或移入菜苗。禽畜糞堆肥配合豆粕施用之處理者,CS1處理於第一作蕹菜和第二作小白菜之產量、土壤養分有效性之增進效益皆有較佳的結果,而CS3處理者雖對作物產量和土壤養分有效性之增進效益並不如CS1和CS2處理者。結果亦顯示,以禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕全數當基肥使用,對作物產量和土壤養分有效性之增進效果較佳,且禽畜糞堆肥和豆粕,然,而將豆粕以追肥方式施入之效果不如當基肥使用。
The management of organic fertilizers deeply affect the success or failure of organic agriculture. Two organic fertilizers with different decomposition rates, soybean meal and composted animal manure, and different doses of urea and single superphosphate were used to obtain the nitrogen(N) and phosphate(P) replacement values of soybean meal and composted animal manure, based on their N and P released charactecistic with time. In addition, two pot experiment with different combinations (dosage and time) of the organic fertilizers were conducted to evaluate the effects on production and nutrient uptake of two vegetables (water spinach and Chinese cabbage) as well as on soil fertility. The experiment included 4 treatments of single fertilizer application, including the cheak(CK), chemical fertilizers(CF), composted animal manure(Cam) and soybean meal(Sm), and three combination of soybean meal and composted animal nanure, 〔1/2 composted animal manure and 1/2 Soybean meal as basal(CS1), 2/3 composted animal manure and 1/3 soybean meal as basal(CS2) and composted animal manure is as basal and soybean meal is as supplement application on day 12th and day 24th(CS3)〕. The incubation results showed that the N release rates of composted animal manure and soybean meal in Da-du shan soil were 41% and 56%, while P release rates were 30% and 14%, respectively the results of pot experments showed that the single and/or combination use of composted animal manure and soybean meal could improve crop yield and soil nutrient availability. However, the application of soybean meal easily forms mildew, thus there was a one-week-wait after they were plowed into the ground before the sowing or implanting of vegetable shoots. For the application of composted animal manure with soybean meal, the CS1 treatment for first crop water spinach and second crop chinese cabbage had better growth and soil nutrients availability. Resuets also showed that The composted animal manure with soybean meal was totally used as the base fertilizer was more effective for crop growth and soil nutrient availability, however, the application of soybean meal as supplement was less effective than that used as basal application .
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28119
其他識別: U0005-1208200815274200
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1208200815274200
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