Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28156
標題: 有機質肥料重金屬含量快速檢測法之研究
The studies of rapid methods to determine heavy metal contents in organic fertilizers
作者: 郭雅紋
Kuo, Ya-Wen
關鍵字: organic fertilizer
有機質肥料
heavy metals
microwave digestion
acid digestion
重金屬
微波消化法
整合性三酸分解法
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
引用: 安部季夫。2002。直交表實驗計劃法,初版。五南圖書出版股份有限公司。台北。 行政院環境保護署。2003。NIEA M104.01C,感應耦合電漿原子發射光譜法。行政院環境保護署。 張吉。1996。建立生物樣品微波消化及以感應耦合電漿質譜儀、冷蒸汽原子吸收光譜儀分析金屬元素的方法。國立中興大學環境工程學系碩士論文。 陳仁炫、謝國妍。2003。施用有機質肥料對玉米-水稻輪作制度下之土壤鉀狀態的效應。台灣農業化學與食品科學,41:1-9。 曾證諺。2004。禽畜糞堆肥在兩種不同性質土壤的最佳管理策略評估。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系博士論文。 楊曉茹。2004。有機質肥料中重金屬檢測方法的評估與建立。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。 謝碧雪。1986。直交表與直交實驗設計。國立台灣大學數學研究所碩士論文。 Abu-Samra, A., J. S. Morris, and S. R. Koirtyohann. 1975. Wet ashing of some biological samples in a microwave oven. Anal. Chem. 47:1475-1477. Adams, M. L., A. M. Chaudri, I. Rousseau, and S. P. Mcgrath. 2003. A practical evaluation of microwave and conventional wet digestion techniques for the determination of Cd, Cu and Zn in wheat grain. Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 83:307-314. Agazzi, A., and C. Pirola. 2000. Fundamentals, methods and future trends of environmental microwave sample preparation. Microchem. J. 67:337-341. Aggelides, S. M., and P. A. Londra. 2000. Effects of compost produced from town wastes and sewage sludge on the physical properties of a loamy and a clay soil. Bioresour. Technol. 71:253-259. Allaway, W. H. 1977. Food chain aspects of the use of organic residues. p. 281-298. In: L. F. Elliott, and F. J. Stevenson (ed.), Soils for management of organic wastes and waste waters. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wisconsin. Alloway, B. J. 1995. Cadmium. p. 122-147. In: B. J. Alloway (ed.), Heavy Metals in Soils. 2nd. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. Analytical Methods Committee. 1959. Notes on perchloric acid and its handling in analytical work. Analyst 84:214-215. Araujo, P. W., and R. G. Brereton. 1996. Experimental design I. Screening. TrAC 15:26-31. Araújo, G. C. L., M. H. Gonzalez, A. G. Ferreira, A. R. A. Nogueira, and J. A. Nóbrega. 2002. Effect of acid concentration on closed-vessel microwave-assisted digestion of plant materials. Spectrochim. Acta B 57:2121-2132. Arriaga, F. J., and B. Lowery. 2003. Soil physical properties and crop productivity of an eroded soil amended with cattle manure. Soil Sci. 168:888-899. Basgel, S., and S. B. Erdemoglu. 2006. Determination of mineral and trace elements in some medicinal herbs and their infusions consumed in Turkey. Sci. Total Environ. 359:82-89. Bock, R. 1972. A handbook of decomposition methods in analytical chemistry. T. & A. Constable Ltd., Edinburgh. Bou, R., F. Guardiola, A. Padró, E. Pelfort, and R. Codony. 2004. Validation of mineralisation procedures for the determination of selenium, zinc, iron and copper in chicken meat and feed samples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19:1361-1369. Bremner, J. M., and C.S. Mulvaney. 1982. Nitrogen-total. p. 595-624. In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney (ed.), Methods of soils analysis, Part 2. Academic Press, Inc., New York. Canaruttto, S., G. Petruzzelli, L. Lubrano, and G. V. Guidi. 1991. How composting affects heavy metal content. BioCycle 32:48-50. Carrilho, E. M. V. M., M. H. Gonzalez, A. R. A. Nogueira, and G. M. Cruz. 2002. Microwave-assisted acid decomposition of animal- and plant-derived samples for element analysis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:4164-4168. CAST (Council of Agricultural Science and Technology). 1976. Application of sewage sludge to cropland: appraisal of potential hazards of the heavy metals to plants and animals. CAST report No. 64, Ames, Iowa. Cervera, M. L., J. C. Lopez, and R. Montoro. 1994. Determination of arsenic in orange juice by dry ashing hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchem. J. 49:20-26. Chaney, R. L., Bruins, R. J. F., Baker, D. E., Korcak, R. F., Smith, J. E., and Cole, D. 1987. Transfer of sludge-applied trace elements to the food chain. p. 67-99. In: A.L. Page, T.J. Logan, and J.A. Ryan(ed.), Land application of sludge :food chain implications. Lewis Publishers. Chelsea. Cocchi, M., G. Franchini, D. Manzini, M. Manfredini, A. Marchetti, and A. Ulrici. 2004. A chemometric approach to the comparison of different sample treatments for metals determination by atomic absorption spectroscopy in Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale di Modena. J. Agric. Food Chem. 52:4047-4056. Cuong, D. T., and J. P. Obbard. 2006. Metal speciation in coastal marine sediments from Singapore using a modified BCR-sequential extraction procedure. Appl. Geochem. 21:1335-1346. David, B. 2004. Microwave digestion moves into the 21st century. Today’s chemist at work, p. 28-32. Erhart, E., and W. Hartl. 2003. Mulching with compost improves growth of blue spruce in Christmas tree plantations. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 39:149-156. Florence, T. M. 1982. The speciation of trace elements in waters. Talanta 29:345-364. Gil, M. V., M. T. Carballo, and L. F. Calvo. 2007. Fertilization of maize with compost from cattle manure supplemented with additional mineral nutrients. Waste Manage. (In Press) Hamilton, M. A., P. W. Rode, M. E. Merchant, and J. Sneddon. 2008. Determination and comparison of heavy metals in selected seafood, water, vegetation and sediments by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry from an industrialized and pristine waterway in Southwest Louisiana. Microchem. J. 88:52-55. Hoenig, M. 2001. Preparation steps in environmental trace element analysis - facts and traps. Talanta 54:1021-1038. Hristozov, D., C. E. Domini, V. Kmetov, V. Stefanova, D. Georgieva, and A. Canals. 2004. Direct ultrasound-assisted extraction of heavy metals from sewage sludge samples for ICP-OES analysis. Anal. Chim. Acta 516:187-196. Hsu, J. H., and S. L. Lo. 2001. Effect of composting on characterization and leaching of copper, manganese, and zinc from swine manure. Environ. Pollut. 114:119-127. Hwang, J. D., and W. J. Wang. 1995. Application of ICP-AES to analysis of solutions. Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 30:231-350. Karaca, A. 2004. Effect of organic wastes on the extractability of cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc in soil. Geoderma 122:297-303. Karthikeyan, S., U. M. Joshi, and R. Balasubramanian. 2006. Microwave assisted sample preparation for determining water-soluble fraction of trace elements in urban airborne particulate matter:Evaluation of bioavailability. Anal. Chim. Acta 576:23-30. Kessler, J., M. Zogg, and E. Bachler. 1994. Phosphorus, copper and zinc in pig slurry. Agrarforschung 1:480-483. Kingston, H. M., and L. B. Jassie. 1986. Microwave energy for acid decomposition at elevated temperatures and pressures using biological and botanical samples. Anal. Chem. 58:2534-2541. Kingston, H.M., and L.B. Jassie. 1988. Monitoring and predicting parameters in microwave dissolution. p. 93-154. In: H. M. Kingston, and L. B. Jassie (ed.), Introduction to microwave sample preparation: theory and practice. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. Koh, S., T. Aoki, Y. Katayama, and J. Takada. 1999. Losses of elements in plant samples under the dry ashing process. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 239:591-594. Krachler, M., C. Mohl, H. Emons, and W. Shotyk. 2002. Analytical procedures for the determination of selected trace elements in peat and plant samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Spectrochim. Acta B 57:1277-1289. Kučera, J., and L. Soukal. 1995. Cadmium losses on wet and dry ashing of plant materials. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 193:33-38. Lavilla, I., A. V. Filgueiras, and C. Bendicho. 1999. Comparison of digestion methods for determination of trace and minor metals in plant samples. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 47:5072-5077. Mantovi, P., G. Bonazzi, E. Maestri and N. Marmiroli. 2003. Accumulation of copper and zinc from liquid manure in agricultural soils and crop plants. Plant Soil 250:249-257. McGrath, D. 1998. Use of microwave digestion for estimation of heavy metal content of soils in a geochemical survey. Talanta 46:439-448. McGrath, S. P., and S. Smith. 1995. Chromium and nickel. p. 152-179. In: B. J. Alloway (ed.), Heavy Metals in Soils. 2nd. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. Melero, S., J. C. R. Porras, J. F. Herencia, and E. Madejon. 2006. Chemical and biochemical properties in a silty loam soil under conventional and organic management. Soil Till. Res. 90:162-170. Micó, C., M. Peris, L. Recatalá, and J. Sánchez. 2007. Baseline values for heavy metals in agricultural soils in an European Mediterranean region. Sci. Total Environ. 378:13-17. Miller-Ihli, N.J. 1989. Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry for the analysis of biological materials. Spectrochim. Acta B 44:1221-1227. Miner, J. R., and T. E. Hazen. 1977. Transportation and application of organic wastes to land. p. 377-425. In: L. F. Elliott, and F. J. Stevenson (ed.), Soils for management of organic wastes and waste waters. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wisconsin. Mizuno, N., and M. Minami. 1980. The use of H2O2 for the destruction of plant matter as a preliminary to determination of N, K, Mg, Ca, Mn. Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 51:418-420 (in Japanese). Mohd, A. A., J. R. Dean, and W. R. Tomlinson. 1992. Factorial design approach to microwave dissolution. Analyst 117:1743-1748. Momen, A. A., G. A. Zachariadis, A. N. Anthemidis, and J. A. Stratis. 2007. Use of fractional factorial design for optimization of digestion procedures followed by multi-element determination of essential and non-essential elements in nuts using ICP-OES technique. Talanta 71:443-451. Olsen, S. R., and L. E. Sommers. 1982. Phosphorus. p. 403-430. In: A.L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney (ed.), Methods of soil analysis, Part 2. Academic Press, Inc., New York. Piccolo, A., and J. S. C. Mbagwu. 1990. Effects of different organic waste amendments on soil microaggregates stability and molecular sizes of humic substances. Plant Soil 123:27-37. Richard, T. L., and P. B. Woodbury. 1992. Impact of separation strategies on heavy metal contaminants in MSW compost. Biomass Bioenergy 3:195-201. Richter, R. C., D. Link, and H. M. Kingston. 2001. Microwave enhanced chemistry. Anal. Chem. 73:30A-37A. Robache, A., F. Mathé, J. C. Galloo, and R. Guillermo. 2000. Multi-element analysis by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry of airborne particulate matter collected with a low-pressure cascade impactor. Analyst 125:1855-1859. Rodushkin, I., T. Ruth, and A. Huhtasaari. 1999. Comparison of two digesion methods for elemental determinations in plant material by ICP techniques. Anal. Chim. Acta 378:191-200. Saito, K., A. Yamamoto, T. Sa, and M. Saigusa. 2005. Rapid, micro-methods to estimate plant silicon content by dilute hydrofluoric acid extraction and spectrometric molybdenum method: I. Silicon in rice plants and molybdenum yellow method. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 51:29-36. Sandroni, V., and C. M. M. Smith. 2002. Microwave digestion of sludge, soil and sediment samples for metal analysis by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometry. Anal. Chim. Acta 468:335-344. Sandroni, V., C. M. M. Smith, and A. Donovan. 2003. Microwave digestion of sediment, soils and urban particulate matter for trace metal analysis. Talanta 60: 715-723. Santelli, R. E., M. A. Bezerra, O. D. de SantAna, R. J. Cassella, and S. L. C. Ferreira. 2006. Multivariate technique for optimization of digestion procedure by focussed microwave system for determination of Mn, Zn and Fe in food samples using FAAS. Talanta 68:1083-1088. Sapkota, A., M. Krachler, C. Scholz, A. K. Cheburkin, and W. Shotyk. 2005. Analytical procedures for the determination of selected major (Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, and Ti) and trace (Li, Mn, Sr, and Zn) elements in peat and plant samples using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry. Anal. Chim. Acta 540:247-256. Sastre, J., A. Sahuquillo, M. Vidal, and G. Rauret. 2002. Determination of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in environmental samples: microwave-assisted total digestion versus aqua regia and nitric acid extraction. Anal. Chim. Acta 462:59-72. Senesi, G. S., G. Baldassarre, N. Senesi, and B. Radina. 1999. Trace element inputs into soils by anthropogenic activities and implications for human health. Chemosphere 39:343-377. Soumaré, M., F. M. G. Tack, and M. G. Verloo. 2003a. Characterisation of Malian and Belgian solid waste composts with respect to fertility and suitability for land application. Waste Manage. 23:517-522. Stamatiadis, S., M. Werner, and M. Buchanan. 1999. Field assessment of soil quality as affected by compost and fertilizer application in a broccoli feld (San Benito County, California). Appl. Soil Ecol. 12:217-225. Sun, Y. C., P. H. Chi, and M. Y. Shiue. Comparison of different digestion methods for total decomposition of siliceous and organic environmental samples. 2001. Anal. Sci. 17:1395-1399. Tam, N. F. Y., and M. W. Y. Yao. 1999. Three digestion methods to determine concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni, Pb, Cr, Mn, and Fe in mangrove sediments from Sai Keng, Chek Keng, and Sha Tau Kok, Hong Kong. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 62:708-716. Tester, C.F. 1990. Organic amendment effects on physical and chemical properties of a sandy soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54:827-831. Tiarks, A. E., A. P. Mazurak, and L. Chesnin. 1974. Physical and chemical properties of soil associated with heavy applications of manure from cattle feedlots. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 38:826-830. Todoli, J. L., L. Gras, V. Hernandis, and J. Mora. 2002. Elemental matrix effects in ICP-AES. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17:142-169. Tokalioğlu, S., S. Kartal, and L. Elçi. 2000. Determination of heavy metals and their speciation in lake sediments by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after a four-stage sequential extraction procedure. Anal. Chim. Acta 413:33-40. US EPA. 1998. Microwave assisted acid digestion of sediments, sludges, soils, and oils. 3051a - reference to: http://www.epa.gov/SW-846/pdfs/3051a. pdf. US EPA. 1996. Microwave assisted acid digestion of siliceous and organically based matrices. 3052 - reference to: http://www.labtechgroup.com/ chinese/support/down/application/EPA3052.pdf Vandecasteele, C., and C. B. Block. 1993. Sample preparation. p. 9-53. In: C. Vandecasteele, and C. B. Block (ed.), Modern methods for trace element determination. Wiley. Chichester. Veschetti, E., D. Maresca, D. Cutilli, A. Santarsiero, and M. Ottaviani. 2000. Optimization of H2O2 action in sewage-sludge microwave digestion using Δ pressure vs. temperature and pressure vs. time graphs. Microchem. J. 67:171-179. Walkley A., and I. A. Black. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining SOM and a proposed modification of the chromic acid and titration method . Soil Sci. 37: 29-38. Wang, J., T. Nakazato, K. Sakanishi, O. Yamada, H. Tao, and I. Saito. 2004. Microwave digestion with HNO3/H2O2 mixture at high temperatures for determination of trace elements in coal by ICP-OES and ICP-MS. Anal. Chim. Acta 514:115-124. Wang, C. F., J. Y. Yang, and C. H. Ke. 1996. Multi-element analysis of airborne particulate matter by various spectrometric methods after microwave digestion. Anal. Chim. Acta 320:207-216. Wu, S., X. Feng, and A. Wittmeier. 1997. Microwave digestion of plant and grain reference materials in nitric acid or a mixture of nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide for the determination of multi-elements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 12:797-806. Xu, Y.-H., A. Iwashita, T. Nakajima, H. Yamashita, H. Takanashi, and A. Ohki. 2005. Effect of HF addition on the microwave-assisted acid-digestion for the determination of metals in coal by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. Talanta 66:58-64. Yuan, C., J. Shi, B. He, J. Liu, L. Liang, and G. Jiang. 2004. Speciation of heavy metals in marine sediments from the East China Sea by ICP-MS with sequential extraction. Environ. Int. 30:769-783. Zebarth, B. J., G. H. Neilsen, E. Hogue, and D. Neilsen. 1999. Influence of organic waste amendments on selected soil physical and chemical properties. Can. J. Soil Sci. 79:501-504. Zhang, M., D. Heaney, B. Henriquez, E. Solberg, and E. Bittner. 2006. A four-year study on influence of biosolids/MSW cocompost application in less productive soils in Alberta: nutrient dynamics. Compost Sci. Util. 14:68-80. Zheljazkov, V. D., and P. R. Warman. 2002. Comparison of three digestion methods for the recovery of 17 plant essential nutrients and trace elements from six composts. Compost Sci. Util. 10:197-203. Zhou, C. Y., M. K. Wong, L. L. Hoh, and Y. C. Wee. 1995. Orthogonal array design for the optimization of closed-vessel microwave digestion parameters for the determination of trace metals in sediments. Anal. Chim. Acta 314:121-130.
摘要: 本試驗以建立有機質肥料重金屬含量快速檢測法為目的。利用密閉式微波消化法分解有機質肥料,並以ICP-AES分析Cd、Cr、Cu、Ni、Pb和Zn六種重金屬,以評估微波消化法配合ICP-AES檢測有機質肥料重金屬之可行性,期能做為國內有機質肥料重金屬含量的國家標準分析方法。本試驗以BCR060(CRMs)為標的,探討並建立密閉式微波消化法之最適操作條件(分解時間、分解溫度及酸液種類和組成)。所建立之有機質肥料微波消化法操作條件為:有機質肥料取用量0.2 g,分解溫度180℃,分解時間10分鐘,HNO3:HCl = 9:1之6 mL酸液組合及添加0.05 mL HBF4。微波消化法之消化液標準品添加分析顯示,除了GC-4和GC-5樣品之Cd及CAM-3樣品之Pb外,其餘之重金屬回收率介於80%-109%之間,故無須以標準添加法進行校正,以求得其真正濃度。另,以建立之微波消化法,分析十種有機質肥料,將其結果與整合性三酸分解法測值相較。結果顯示,Cd、Cr、Cu、Ni、Pb和Zn的分析結果與三酸分解法測值具一致性,且此方法之準確度不受有機質肥料種類的影響。微波消化法優於整合性三酸分解法,包括高再現性和回收率,較短的分解時間和較少的酸液用量及對操作者較安全。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28156
其他識別: U0005-2907200811453300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2907200811453300
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.