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標題: 有機質肥料重金屬含量快速檢測法之研究
The studies of rapid methods to determine heavy metal contents in organic fertilizers
作者: 郭雅紋
Kuo, Ya-Wen
關鍵字: organic fertilizer
heavy metals
microwave digestion
acid digestion
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 本試驗以建立有機質肥料重金屬含量快速檢測法為目的。利用密閉式微波消化法分解有機質肥料,並以ICP-AES分析Cd、Cr、Cu、Ni、Pb和Zn六種重金屬,以評估微波消化法配合ICP-AES檢測有機質肥料重金屬之可行性,期能做為國內有機質肥料重金屬含量的國家標準分析方法。本試驗以BCR060(CRMs)為標的,探討並建立密閉式微波消化法之最適操作條件(分解時間、分解溫度及酸液種類和組成)。所建立之有機質肥料微波消化法操作條件為:有機質肥料取用量0.2 g,分解溫度180℃,分解時間10分鐘,HNO3:HCl = 9:1之6 mL酸液組合及添加0.05 mL HBF4。微波消化法之消化液標準品添加分析顯示,除了GC-4和GC-5樣品之Cd及CAM-3樣品之Pb外,其餘之重金屬回收率介於80%-109%之間,故無須以標準添加法進行校正,以求得其真正濃度。另,以建立之微波消化法,分析十種有機質肥料,將其結果與整合性三酸分解法測值相較。結果顯示,Cd、Cr、Cu、Ni、Pb和Zn的分析結果與三酸分解法測值具一致性,且此方法之準確度不受有機質肥料種類的影響。微波消化法優於整合性三酸分解法,包括高再現性和回收率,較短的分解時間和較少的酸液用量及對操作者較安全。
其他識別: U0005-2907200811453300
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系



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