Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28246
標題: 言論自由是否會抑制貪污?全球實證分析
Does Press Freedom Suppress Corruption: Global Evidence Analysis
作者: 周宜巍
Chou, Yi-Wei
關鍵字: Corruption
貪污
Press freedom
Panel data.
言論自由
追蹤資料
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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Media Capture and Government Accountability,STICERD-London School of Economics,mimeo. Bohara,A.K.,Mitchell,N.J.and Mittendorff C.F.,2004.Compound democracy and the control of corruption:a cross-country investigation.Policy Study Journal 32,481-499. Brunetti,A.and Weder,B.,2003.A free press is bad news for corruption,Journal of Public Economics 87 ,1801-1824. Chafuen,A.A.and Guzman,E.,2000.Economic freedom and corruption.In:O''Driscoll,G.P.,Holmes,K.R.and Kirkpatrick, M.(Eds.),Index of Economic Freedom.The Heritage Foundation, Washington,51-63. Chowdhury,S.K.,2004.The effect of democracy and press freedom on corruption:an empirical test.Economics Letters 85,93-101. Damania,R.,Fredriksson,P.G.and Mani,M.,2004.The persistence of corruption and regulatory compliance failures:Theory and evidence,Public Choice 121,363-390. Dreher,A.,Kotsogiannis,C.and McCorriston,S.,2007.Corruption around the world:Evidence from a structural model,Journal of Comparative Economics,1-24. Flatter,F. and MacLeod,B.,1995.Administrative corruption and taxation,International Tax and Public Finance 2,397-417. Freille,S.,Haque,M. E. and Kneller,R.,2007.A contribution to empirics of press freedom and corruption,European Journal of Political Economy 24,1-24. Gokcekus,O. and Knorich,J.,2006.Does quality of openness affect corruption?.Economics Letters 91,190-196. Graber,D.,1986.Press freedom and the general elfare,Political Science Quarterly 101,257-275. Graeff,P. and Mehlkop,G.,2003.The impact of economics freedom on corruption:different patterns for rich and poor countries, European Journal of Political Economy 19,605-620. Greene,W.H.,2003.Econometric Analysis(New Jersey:Prentice Hall),360-362. Gwartney,J.D. and Lawson,R.A.,2006,Economic Freedom of the World:2006 Annual Report,Vancouver,B.C.,Fraser Institute. Hsiao,C.,2003.Analysis of Panel Data(UK:Cambridge University Press, 2ndEdition),25-43. Lederman,D.,Loayza,N.V. and Soares,R.R.,2005.Accountability and corruption:political institutions matter,Econimics and Politics 17,1-35 Osborne,E.,2006.Corruption and Technological Progress:A Takeoff Theory of Good Governance,Altantic Econonic Journal 34,289-302. Paldam,M.,2002.The cross-country pattern of corruption: economics,culture and the seesaw dynamics, European Journal of Political Economy 18,215-240. Pellegrini,L. and Gerlagh, R.,2007.Causes of corruption:a survey of cross-country analyses and extended results. Economics of Governance Pharr,S.and Putnam,R.,2000.Disaffected Democracies:What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries?Princeton University Press ,California. Rahman,R.,1986.Legal and administrative measures against bureaucratic corruption in Asia.In:Carino,A.(Eds.), Bureaucratic corruption in Asia:Causes,Consequences,and Controls.NMC Press,Quezon City. Rauch,J.and Evans,P.,2000.Bureaucratic structure and economic performance in less Countries,Journal of Public Economics 75, 49-71. Serra,D.,2006.Empirical determinants of corruption:A sensitivity analysis,Public Choice 126,225-256. Shleifer,A.and Vishny,R.,1993.Corruption,Quarterly Journal of Economics 108,599-617. Stapenhurst,R.,2000.The Media’s Role in Curbing Corruption, World Bank Institute,Washington DC. Sung,H.E.,2004.Democracy and political corruption:a cross-national comparison,Crime,Law,Social Change 41,179-194. Tavares,S.C.,2006.Do rapid political and trade iberalizations increase corruption?, European Journal of Political economy, 1-24. Treiman,D.,2000.The causes of corruption:a cross-national study.Journal of Public Economics 76,399-457. Vaidya,S.,2005.Corruption in the media’s gaze, European Journal of Political Economy 21,667-687. 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Verbeek,M.,2004.A Guide to Modern Econometrics,(England:2ndEdition),348-351. 三、網路資源 Fraser Institute,2006.Economics Freedom of the World. http://www. freetheworld.com /index.html Freedom House,2006.Freedom of the Press. http://www.freedomhouse.org/Template.cfm?page=274 Freedom House,2006.Press Freedom in the World.http://www. freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=15 Heritage Foundation,2006.Index of Economic Freedom. http:// www.heritage.org/Index/ International Monetary Fund,2006.International Financial Statistics. http://www.imfstatistics.org/imf/ Transparency International,2006.Corruption Perception Index. http:// www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices /cpi/2006 Transparency International,2006.The Methodology of Corruption Perception Index 2006.http://www.transparency.org/policy_ research/surveys_indices/cpi/2006/Methodology World Bank,2007.Country Governance Indicator:1996-2006. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi2007/ World Bank,2007.CoWorld Bank,2007. 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摘要: 本文採用1997年至2006年的追蹤資料(panel data)來檢測言論自由與貪污之間的關係,以言論自由作為影響貪污的主要影響變數,依據以往的文獻資料整理出通貨膨脹率、GDP成長率、政府支出佔GDP比率、進出口佔GDP比率及初級教育毛入學率等做為影響貪污的其他相關因素,檢測言論自由是否會抑制貪污?本文主要的貢獻在於解釋加入政治自由、經濟自由、司法獨立及政府治理等影響因素下,言論自由對於貪污的抑制程度是否改變?本文探討言論自由的影響因素包括:人民參予政治的權利、公民自由、經濟自由、司法獨立、政治穩定、政府效率、法規、區域及所得水準等。 在研究方法上,先以F及Hausman檢定應採何種追蹤資料模型?檢定結果支持採用隨機效果模型。本文實證結果顯示言論自由對貪污呈現負向影響,代表言論自由對於貪污有顯著的抑制效果。最後,我們也考慮跨國資料產生的outlier、變數內生性的問題,來支持實證結果的穩健性。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28246
其他識別: U0005-3007200810313300
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-3007200810313300
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