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Valuation on health value from natural disaster in Taiwan
|關鍵字:||Willingness to pay method|
Cost of illness
Averting behavior method
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Flood in Taiwan seems severer in these years. It damages not only properties but also physical and mental health. In order to prevent flood damages, government execute various structural and non-structural flood control measures. However, most of related studies neglect health benefits from flood control measures. In this study, we use contingent valuation method, cost of illness, and averting behavior method to estimate the health values from a flood control project. We also analyze the relationship of functional factors and health value arose by three methods. Moreover, relationships of these three methods are analyzed. In this study, the mean of willingness to pay (WTP) for total health is NT$3,613 and the mean of WTP for mental health is NT$2,342 and mean of WTP for physical health is NT$1,303. Moreover, mean of costs of illness is NT$1259, where mean of medical costs and productivity losses are NT$494 and NT$653. Mean of averting expenditures is NT$307. In this study, We find out that male, families with elders over 65 years old, people living in Sijhih or Cidu, people living in detached house or under than second floor, working days lost due to flood, and people with additional medical insurances are easily suffered from flood-induced diseases and willing to pay more. However, people working in goods-producing industries are willing to pay less. Besides, people are willing to pay more on mental health than on physical health whether they are infected by flood-induced diseases. On the part of cost of illness, people who have families over 65 years old and people working in service-producing industries spend more on mitigation flood-induced sickness. Beside, we find out that there are no significant difference between medical costs and productivity losses. With regard to averting behavior method, female, people living in Sijhih or Neihu, people working in service-producing industries, and the retired spend more money on averting expenditures. Moreover, we find out that WTP is larger than costs of illness in this study. Furthermore, according to methodology, we can derive that total willingness to pay (WTP*) is larger than the sum of costs of illness and averting expenditures, which is consistent with most empirical studies.
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