Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28284
標題: 保護區更名為國家公園之經濟價值評估─以台江生態文化園區為例
Economic Valuation of Protected Area Redesignated as National Park: a Case Study of the Taijiang Ecological and Cultural Zone in Taiwan
作者: 周君庭
Chou, Chun-Ting
關鍵字: 條件評估法
Contingent valuation
願付價值
環境態度
環境教育
保護區更名
Willingness to pay
Environmental attitudes
Environmental education
Protected area redesignated
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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摘要: 保護區或國家公園是依據不同保護方式劃設,故不同的分區會改變土地的使用方式及資源的開採,隱含了可能對當地的經濟造成不同的影響。本研究以此為重點,評估台江生態文化園區更命為台江國家公園之經濟價值。然國家公園之資源屬非市場財,並無真正之市場價值,故本研究使用條件評估法,評估國家公園內三種不同資源之願付價值,並且探究民眾之環境態度,以及是否接受長、短期環境教育,對其願付價值之影響。 本研究經由實證結果指出,民眾對於台江國家公園之門票願付價值中位數為每人每次38元;更命之邊際效果為每人每次18.58元。民眾對於保護生態資源之願付價值中位數為每人每年74.92元;民眾對於保護文化資源之願付價值中位數為每人每年73.95元;對於保護產業資源之願付價值中位數為每人每年74.79元,而不同資源之願付價值並無顯著差異。 台江國家公園之遊憩效益約為四千六百萬至九千四百萬元,同時可創造約九十至兩百個工作機會。每一年保護生態及產業資源之效益約為四千七百萬元;每一年保護文化資源之效益約為四千六百萬元。除此之外,民眾有接受長、短期環境教育、為中立環境態度者,將會有較高的願付價值。
The protected area or the national park is set up according to different protected modes, so different zone will change the exploitation of resource and land use, it may imply to cause different influence on local economy. This study estimate the value of Taijiang ecological and cultural zone redesignated as Taijiang national park. But the resources in the national park are non-market valuations, not have real market value. Therefore, this study use contingent valuation method (CVM) to estimate the three kinds of different resources in the national park, and search the relationships among environmental attitudes, long or short-term environmental education and residents willingness to pay (WTP). The empirical results show that the visitors would pay 38 NT dollars to the national park each time for per person; the marginal effects of redesignation is 18.58 NT dollars each time for per person. The residents would pay 74.92 NT dollars to protect ecological resources per person per year; the residents would pay 73.95 NT dollars to protect culture resources per person per year; the residents would pay 74.79 NT dollars to protect industry resources per person per year. However, there are no difference between three kinds of resources. The recreation benefit of Taijiang national park is about 46 million to 94 million NT dollars, at the same time, it can create about 90 to 200 working opportunities. The benefit is about 47 million NT dollars per year for protecting ecological and industry resources; about 46 million NT dollars for protecting culture resources. In addition, the residents accept the long or short-term environmental education and the moderate-environmental attitudes will have higher estimates of WTP.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28284
其他識別: U0005-1307200918543500
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1307200918543500
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