Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28326
標題: 評估不同組合有機廢棄物對蚯蚓生長及蚓糞堆肥特性的影響
Studies on the growth of earthworm and the qualities of vermicompost affected by the different proportions of organic wastes
作者: 蔡青芬
Cai, Cing-Fen
關鍵字: 有機廢棄物
Organic waste
堆肥化
蚯蚓
蚓糞堆肥
蚓糞堆肥化
Composting
Earthworm
Vermicompost
Vermicomposting
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 堆肥化是有機廢棄物資源化的重要方式,在廢棄物減量,資源再生利用及養分再循環上扮演重要角色,然傳統高溫堆肥化卻潛在許多缺點,如人力、技術、處理空間、設備的購置與維修等的需求,較長之時間及需翻堆等問題。蚯蚓糞堆肥化(vermicomposting)已被許多研究指出,較傳統堆肥法更適合處理有機廢棄物,惟大部分的研究偏於評估不同種類有機廢棄物製成蚓糞堆肥之適用性,而鮮有探討有機廢棄物的特性對蚯蚓生殖與生長的影響與蚓糞堆肥品質的關係。本研究利用不同特性之有機廢棄物(菇類養殖廢棄物、食品污泥及豬和牛糞)依不同比例調配做為Eisenia fetida基料,並藉由蚓糞堆肥化製成蚓糞堆肥,且由E. fetida生質量、存活隻數、卵囊數目及幼蚯蚓隻數之比較,以評估各處理對蚯蚓生殖和生長,及蚓糞堆肥的特性和成分的影響。試驗結果顯示,蚯蚓在餵食食品污泥及豬糞處理中,其生質量、存活隻數、卵囊數目及幼蚯蚓隻數皆相對高於菇類養殖廢棄物,而含有生廚餘的處理中蚯蚓生質及生長則相對較差。此外,本試驗結果亦顯示蚓糞堆肥的成分,確實可由有機廢棄物的種類和配比比例所決定,惟蚓糞堆肥化會造成重金屬的濃縮效應。本研究建議欲以有機廢棄物養殖蚯蚓及進行蚓糞堆肥化,宜特別注意其EC值及重金屬含量。
Composting is the main practice of recycling organic wastes into valuable product, and play important roles in waste reduction, resource reuse and nutrients recycling, however, traditional composting has some disadvantages, such as more labor, technology and space, more costs in purchasing and maintenance of equipments, longer composting time and turning required. Vermicomposting has been suggested by many studies as a more suitable practice to treat organic wastes than traditional composting. However, most researches are mainly focused on the suitability of vermicomposts made from different organic wastes, and less on the growth and reproduction of earthworm and the quality and safety of vermicomposts affected by different organic wastes. Different organic wastes with different characteristics (mushroom medium waste, food industrial sludge, pig and cattle manure) in different proportions were fed for Eisenia fetida, in this study and vermicomposts were produced after vermicomposting. The weight , the numbers of cocoon and immature earthworm, and the characteristics and ingredient of vermicomposts in each treatment were determined and evaluated. Results showed that the number of survival, cocoon and weight of earthworm were higher in the treatments feeding with food industrial sludge and pig manure, and less in the treatments containing food waste. In addition, the characteristics and safty of vermicomposts do determined by the kinds and proportions of organic wastes, however, the concentration effect of heavy metal was founed after vermicomposting. It suggested that the EC value and heavy metal content of organic wastes used for vermiculture and vermicomposting shoued be considered.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28326
其他識別: U0005-1908201110211000
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1908201110211000
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