Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28393
標題: 技術性貿易障礙對農產貿易之經濟分析
An Economic analysis of Technical Barriers to Trade for Agriculture Trade Pattern
作者: 李怡蒨
Lee, Yi-Chien
關鍵字: Technical Barriers
技術性貿易障礙
Gravity model
panel data
food safety standards
引力模型
農藥殘留標準
追蹤資料
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
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摘要: 有鑒於各先進國家對於規範食品安全和貿易關係的技術性貿易障礙協定(Technical Barriers to Trade, 即TBT)越來越重視,本研究將以台灣、中國與日本對主要農產貿易出口國為對象,實證分析不同國家間農藥殘留標準對貿易型態的影響。本研究以Wilson and Otsuki (2004)所設定具有政策模擬之引力模型(Gravity Model)為基礎,針對1996年至2007年這段期間中,應用追蹤資料(Panel data)來估計農藥殘留標準對貿易的影響。分析結果顯示進口國提高標準將造成出口國相關農產品出口減少的結果。這對於台灣相關農產品進出口造成嚴重的影響。現在東亞各國正積極在簽訂各種經濟合作協定(EPA)及自由貿易協定(FTA)。不但在關稅與配額將持續往自由化貿易方向開放,技術性貿易障礙、食品衛生檢驗及動植物檢疫等非關稅貿易障礙也將是重要課題。特別是各國不同食品基準正影響著各國廠商的貿易型態。由其是OECD及World Bank等研究團隊一直對此議題相當重視,食品國際標準又不同於工業國際標準,很難於聯合國食品法典委員會(Codex Alimentarius Commission, CAC)取得共識,又偏偏在WTO的爭端上浮出檯面。以先進國家發生的BSE等食品安全事件為借鏡,台灣今後要如何面對和規範食品(安全)標準和國際食品標準做調合(Harmonizatoin),頇要更多產官學界的重視與前瞻性的國家食品策略。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28393
其他識別: U0005-3107200919232700
文章連結: http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-3107200919232700
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