Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 菲律賓政府政策對稻米價格與銷售差額的影響
The Effects of Government Policies on Rice Prices and Marketing Margin in the Philippines
作者: 基奈爾
Junel, C.Villamor
關鍵字: Rice Policy
Rice Prices
Marketing Margin
OLS Regression
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
引用: Berthelemy, J.C., and C. Morrisson, 1989. “Agricultural Development in Africa and the Supply of Manufactured Goods.” Washington D.C.: OECD Publications and Information Center. Braun, Joachim Von, Howarth Bouis, Shubh Kumar and Rajul Pandya-Lorch, 1992. “Improving Food Security for the Poor: Concept, Policy and Programs.” Washington D.C. USA: International Food Policy Research Institute. Cabanilla, Libario S., 2006. “Philippine Agriculture, Food Security and APEC.” Makati City, Philippines: Philippine APEC Study Center Network and Philippine Institute of Development Studies Publications. PDF available at Conrad, K. and H. Seitz., 1994. “The Economic Benefits of Public Infrastructure.” Applied Economics, 23: 303-311. Consumers International, n.d. Untitled. Article available at David, C.C. and A. Balisacan, 1995. “Philippine Rice Supply and Demand Prospects and Policy Implications.” Philippine Institute for Development Studies Discussion Paper No. 1995-28. PDF available at Dawe, David C., 2006. “The Philippines Import Rice Because it is an Island Nation” in Why Does the Philippines Import Rice: Meeting the Challenge of Trade Liberalization. Edited by Dawe, David C, Moya, Piedad F., and Cheryll B. Casiwan. Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute Publication. PDF available at Dawe, David C., 2008. “Have Recent Increases in International Cereal Prices Been Transmitted to Domestic Economies? The Experience in Seven Large Asian Countries.” ESA Working Paper No. 08-03. PDF available at Dawe, David C., Moya, Piedad F., Casiwan, Cheryll B., and Jesusa M. Cabling, 2008. “Rice marketing systems in the Philippines and Thailand: Do large numbers of competitive traders ensure good performance?” Food Policy, 33(5): 455-463. PDF available at Dickey, D. and W.A. Fuller, 1981. “Likelihood Ratio Tests for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root.” Econometrica, 49: 1057-1072. Freedman, Charles. (1996). “What Operating Procedures Should be Adopted to Maintain Price Stability? - Practical Issues”. PDF available at Food and Agriculture Organization, 1999. Poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Asia :Lessons and Challenges. PDF available at Habito, C., 2008. “Is there a rice shortage?” Philippine Daily Inquirer, April 13, 2008). Article available at Hayami, Y., Kikuchi, M. and E.B Marciano, 1999. “Middlemen and Peasants in Rice Marketing in the Philippines.” Agricultural Economics, 20 (2): 79-93. Available at Intal, Ponciano Jr. S. & Garcia, Marissa C., 2005. Rice and Philippine Politics. Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Discussion Paper No. 2005-13. PDF available at Lasco, M., 2005. Dynamics of Agricultural Wages and Rice Prices in the Philippines. Michigan, USA: Department of Agricultural Economics Michigan State University. Unpublished Master's Thesis. PDF available at Martinez, E., Shively, G.E. and W.A. Masters, 1998. “Testing the Link between Public Intervention and Food Price Variability: Evidence from Rice Markets in the Philippines.” Indiana, USA: Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University. Selected Paper at Annual Meeting of the Americal Agricultural Economics Association, 2-5 August 1998. PDF available at Mears, Leon A., Meliza A. Agabin, Teresa L. Anden, and Rosalinda C. Marquez. (1974). Rice Economy of the Philippines. Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Press. Narreto, O., 2010. A Study on Analyzing the Efficiency of Pricing Transmission on Markets: A Case on Philippines Rice. Taichung, Taiwan: Department of Applied Economics, National Chung Hsing University. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Rahman, M.I., 2005. “Estimating the Cointegrating Relationship between Agricultural Wage and Rice Price of Bangladesh.” Dhaka, Bangladesh: Department of Business and Economics, Daffodil International University. PDF available at Ramos, Chairmaine G., 2000. “State Intervention and Private Sector Participation in Philippine Rice Marketing.” Quezon City, Philippines: Management and Organizational Development for Empowerment. PDF available at Rashid, S., Cummings, R and A. Gulati, 2005. “Grain Marketing Parastatals in Asia: Why Do They Have to Change Now?” MTID Discussion Paper No. 80. PDF available at Reyes, C. et al., 2009. “Incorporating Regional Rice Production Models in Rice Importation Simulation Models: a Stochastic Programming Approach.” Philippine Institute of Development Studies Discussion Paper No. 2009-28. PDF available at Reyes, C. and C. Mina, 2009. “Profitable Use of SCF in a Policy Context: The Case of Rice Stockholding in the Philippines.” Philippine Institute of Development Studies Discussion Paper No. 2009-09. PDF available at Roumasset, J.A., 2002. “The Microeconomics of Agricultural Development in the Philippines.” Working Paper No. 02-10. PDF available at Rufino, C. (2008). “Inter-regional Integration of the Philippine Rice Market.” De La Salle University-Manila Working Paper No. 2008-06. PDF available at Tolentino, V.B.J. (2002). “The Globalization of Food Security: Rice Policy Reforms in the Philippines.” Philippine Journal of Development, 54 (29) (2): 27-61. PDF available at Data Sources: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) (Central Bank of the Philippines), 2010. Available at Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) Philippines Countrystat Database, 2010. Available at Department of Labor and Employment's National Wages and Productivity Commission (DOLE-NWPC) Manila, 2010. International Rice Research Institute World Rice Statistics (IRRI-WRS) Database, 2010. Available at National Food Authority (NFA) Main Office Manila, 2010. National Statistics Office (NSO) Main Office Manila, 2010.
摘要: 隨著米價和運銷價差的增長,關於行銷商在菲律賓稻米市場上的濫用和國家政策對這些行銷商有利的影響也再一次浮上檯面。為了特別探討此問題,這篇文章以描述性及OLS回歸分析來評價和量化政府稻米政策的影響,並以 National Food Authority (NFA) 自1990年1月 至2008年12月的稻米產地價、零售價和稻米運銷價差進行探討。結指出,大體上,稻米政策顯然在許多方面(有時相互矛盾)影響到稻米價格。當政府想提高產地價格時,其欲降低零售價的政策卻把產地價格降低。同時, 高產地價格的政策無意中也提高了零售價, 甚至, 政策似乎對零售價產生更多影響力,這表明政府的重點在於穩定稻米零售價。關於運銷價差,政策中只有NFA補助稻米價格有明顯的影響,價格因此降低,這個結果說明此政策至少有助於消弭可能的行銷商之濫用。有趣的是對商業庫存股票的結果都啟發一個對稻米價格和運銷價差的較強商業影響,從而可能加劇上述的看法。
With recent increases in rice prices and marketing margin, the perception regarding the abuses of marketing agents in the Philippine rice market and the favorable effect of government policies on these agents are again on the rise. This paper explicitly informs this issue by using descriptive and OLS regression analysis to evaluate and quantify the effects of government rice policies, expressed through the National Food Authority (NFA), on the farmgate and retail prices and marketing margin of rice from January 1990 to December 2008. Results showed that, in general, rice policies significantly affect rice prices in many and sometimes conflicting ways. While government wants to increase farmgate prices, policies that attempts to reduce retail prices reduce farmgate prices. Meanwhile, policies that are geared on raising farmgate prices inadvertently increase retail prices. Moreover, policies seem to exert more effect on the retail prices, indicating that the government focus is on the stabilization of rice consumer prices. With regard to marketing margin, only the NFA subsidized rice price among the government policies has had the significant effect, in that it reduces this margin. This result indicates that the government, at least through this policy, may have helped tame possible marketing agents' abuses. Interestingly, the results for commercial inventory stock all suggest a strong commercial sector effect on rice prices and marketing margin, thus, likely fueling the perception mentioned above.
其他識別: U0005-1307201022244800
Appears in Collections:應用經濟學系



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.